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S. 684: Middle Class Health Benefits Tax Repeal Act of 2019

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About the bill

With 369 cosponsors, it has the second-most cosponsors of any House bill in this Congress.


2010’s Affordable Care Act, more popularly called Obamacare, included a planned 40% tax provision on any employer-sponsored health insurance plan above $10,200 for an individual or $27,500 for a family. This became known by the nickname “the Cadillac tax,” after the Obama Administration sold it as a tax on only the most expensive companies’ health insurance plans. However, some studies suggested that as many as 82% of plans could face the tax, including middle-class employees like schoolteachers.

As a result, the proposal attracted widespread criticism on both sides of the aisle, with even most Democrats in opposition, although Democrats had reluctantly passed the provision anyway as part of the larger Obamacare ...

Sponsor and status

Martin Heinrich

Sponsor. Junior Senator for New Mexico. Democrat.

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Last Updated: Mar 6, 2019
Length: 5 pages
Mar 6, 2019
116th Congress (2019–2021)

Introduced on Mar 6, 2019

This bill is in the first stage of the legislative process. It was introduced into Congress on March 6, 2019. It will typically be considered by committee next before it is possibly sent on to the House or Senate as a whole.

2% chance of being enacted according to Skopos Labs (details)

Position statements

What legislators are saying

Heinrich, Rounds, Courtney, And Kelly To Host Press Call On “Cadillac Tax” Repeal
    — Sen. Martin Heinrich [D-NM] (Sponsor) on Dec 11, 2019

Rounds, Colleagues Urge Congressional Leadership to Fully Repeal “Cadillac Tax”
    — Sen. Mike Rounds [R-SD] (Co-sponsor) on Dec 10, 2019

Heinrich, Rounds, Courtney, and Kelly Urge House and Senate Leadership to Fully Repeal 40% Tax on Employer-Sponsored Health Plans and Control Out of Pocket Costs for Patients
    — Rep. Joe Courtney [D-CT2] on Dec 9, 2019

More statements at ProPublica Represent...


Mar 6, 2019

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

If this bill has further action, the following steps may occur next:
Passed Committee

Passed Senate

Passed House

Signed by the President

S. 684 is a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number S. 684. This is the one from the 116th Congress.

How to cite this information.

We recommend the following MLA-formatted citation when using the information you see here in academic work:

“S. 684 — 116th Congress: Middle Class Health Benefits Tax Repeal Act of 2019.” 2019. October 25, 2020 <>

Where is this information from?

GovTrack automatically collects legislative information from a variety of governmental and non-governmental sources. This page is sourced primarily from, the official portal of the United States Congress. is generally updated one day after events occur, and so legislative activity shown here may be one day behind. Data via the congress project.