IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES
March 27, 2019
Mr. Grassley (for himself, Ms. Smith, and Ms. Ernst) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions
To amend the Higher Education Act of 1965 to make technical improvements to the Net Price Calculator system so that prospective students may have a more accurate understanding of the true cost of college.
This Act may be cited as the
Net Price Calculator Improvement Act.
Minimum standards for net price calculators
Section 132(h) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1015a(h)) is amended—
by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (6);
in paragraph (2), by inserting before the period
, and, not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of the Net Price Calculator Improvement Act, shall meet the requirements of paragraph (4)(C);
in paragraph (3), by inserting after the first sentence the following:
Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of the Net Price Calculator Improvement Act, such calculator shall meet the requirements of paragraph (4).; and
by inserting after paragraph (3) the following:
Minimum requirements for net price calculators
Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of the Net Price Calculator Improvement Act, a net price calculator for an institution of higher education shall, at a minimum, meet the following requirements:
The link for the calculator—
is clearly labeled as a net price calculator and prominently, clearly, and conspicuously (in such size and contrast (such as shade) that it is readily noticeable and readable) posted in locations on the institution’s website where information on costs and aid is provided (such as financial aid, prospective students, or tuition and fees web pages);
matches in size and font to the other prominent links on the primary menu; and
may also be included on the institution’s compliance web page, which contains information relating to compliance with Federal, State, and local laws.
The input screen for the net price calculator displays a chart of the net prices for students receiving Federal student financial aid under title IV (as required by subsection (i)(5)) for the most recent academic year for which data are available, disaggregated by income categories.
The results screen for the calculator specifies the following information:
The individual net price (as calculated under paragraph (2)) for the individual student, which is the most visually prominent figure on the results screen, including a statement of—
the year for which the net price applies; and
the year from which the data was used to determine that net price.
Cost of attendance, including—
the total estimated cost for a student to complete the program of study, based on normal time for completion of, or graduation from, the student’s particular program of study;
the total annual cost of attendance;
annual tuition and fees;
average annual cost of room and board for the institution for a first-time, full-time undergraduate student enrolled in the institution;
average annual cost of books and supplies for a first-time, full-time undergraduate student enrolled in the institution;
estimated annual cost of other expenses (including personal expenses and transportation) for a first-time, full-time undergraduate student enrolled in the institution; and
a statement of—
the year for which each cost described in this clause applies; and
the year from which the data was used to determine each cost described in this clause.
Estimated total need-based grant aid and merit-based grant aid, from Federal, State, and institutional sources, that may be available to the individual student, showing the subtotal for each category and the total of all sources of grant aid, and disaggregated by academic year for normal time for completion of, or graduation from, the student’s particular program of study.
Percentage of the first-time, full-time undergraduate students enrolled in the institution that received any type of grant aid described in clause (iii), disaggregated by their first year and subsequent years of enrollment up to the number of years for normal completion of, or graduation from, their particular program of study.
The disclaimer described in paragraph (6).
In the case of a calculator that—
includes questions to estimate a student’s (or prospective student’s) eligibility for veterans’ education benefits (as defined in section 480) or educational benefits for active duty service members, such benefits are displayed on the results screen in a manner that clearly distinguishes them from the grant aid described in clause (iii); or
does not include questions to estimate eligibility for the benefits described in subclause (I), the results screen indicates—
that certain students (or prospective students) may qualify for such benefits;
states why the institution is not including questions to estimate a student’s eligibility for such benefits; and
includes a link to an appropriate Federal website that provides information about such benefits.
The institution populates the calculator with data from not earlier than 2 academic years prior to the most recent academic year.
Prohibition on use of data collected by the net price calculator
A net price calculator for an institution of higher education shall—
clearly indicate which questions are required to be completed for an estimate of the net price from the calculator;
in the case of a calculator that requests contact information from users, clearly mark such requests as
prohibit any personally identifiable information provided by users from being sold or made available to third parties; and
Any information that you provide on this site is confidential. The Net Price Calculator does not store your responses or require personal identifying information of any kind..
Universal net price calculator
Section 132(h) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1015a(h)), as amended by section 2, is further amended by adding at the end the following:
Universal net price calculator
The Secretary may develop a universal net price calculator that is housed within the Department of Education, with Department branding, and that may be based on or utilize an existing platform developed by a public or private entity, that—
enables users to answer one set of questions and receive net prices for any institution that is required to have a net price calculator under this subsection;
provides the information required under subparagraphs (C) and (D) of paragraph (4) for each institution for which a net price is being sought;
is developed in consultation with the heads of relevant Federal agencies; and
before being finalized and publicly released, is tested in accordance with subparagraph (B).
If the Secretary develops a universal net price calculator under subparagraph (A), the Secretary, in consultation with the heads of relevant Federal agencies, shall establish a process to submit the universal net price calculator developed under this paragraph for consumer testing among representatives of students (including low-income students, first generation college students, adult students, and prospective students), students' families (including low-income families, families with first generation college students, and families with prospective students), institutions of higher education, secondary school and postsecondary counselors, and nonprofit consumer groups.
Length of consumer testing
The Secretary shall ensure that the consumer testing lasts no longer than 6 months after the process for consumer testing is developed under clause (i).
Use of results
The results of consumer testing under clause (i) shall be used in the final development of the universal net price calculator.
Not later than 3 months after the date the consumer testing under clause (i) concludes, the Secretary shall submit to Congress the final universal net price calculator and a report detailing the results of such testing, including whether the Secretary added any additional items to the calculator as a result of such testing.
Authority to modify
The Secretary may modify the definitions, terms, formatting, and design of the universal net price calculator based on the results of consumer testing required under this paragraph and before finalizing the calculator.
Report from Secretary
Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of the Net Price Calculator Improvement Act, the Secretary shall submit a report to Congress on steps taken to raise awareness of net price calculators among prospective students and families, particularly among students in middle school and high school and students from low-income families.