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S.J.Res. 4 (116th): A joint resolution requiring the advice and consent of the Senate or an Act of Congress to suspend, terminate, or withdraw the United States from the North Atlantic Treaty and authorizing related litigation, and for other purposes.

About the resolution

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization, more commonly called NATO, is a 29-nation alliance including the U.S., Canada, and most countries of Europe.

Founded in 1949 not long after World War II, it was intended as a bulwark against wars or military conflicts between such powers in the future, and to present a unified front in the face of military aggression or annexation by other nations such as the USSR. It has essentially worked as advertised. Russia is not a member, just as the USSR was not.

On January 14, the New York Times revealed that President Trump had proposed withdrawing the U.S. from NATO several times throughout 2018, which the article termed “a move tantamount to destroying NATO.” Members may withdraw after a one-year notification period, which Trump had …

Sponsor and status

Timothy “Tim” Kaine

Sponsor. Junior Senator for Virginia. Democrat.

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Last Updated: Dec 17, 2019
Length: 8 pages
Jan 17, 2019
116th Congress (2019–2021)
Died in a previous Congress

This resolution was introduced on December 11, 2019, in a previous session of Congress, but it did not receive a vote.


21 Cosponsors (14 Democrats, 6 Republicans, 1 Independent)



Jan 17, 2019

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

Dec 11, 2019
Ordered Reported

A committee has voted to issue a report to the full chamber recommending that the bill be considered further. Only about 1 in 4 bills are reported out of committee.

S.J.Res. 4 (116th) was a joint resolution in the United States Congress.

A joint resolution is often used in the same manner as a bill. If passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and signed by the President, it becomes a law. Joint resolutions are also used to propose amendments to the Constitution.

Resolutions numbers restart every two years. That means there are other resolutions with the number S.J.Res. 4. This is the one from the 116th Congress.

This joint resolution was introduced in the 116th Congress, which met from Jan 3, 2019 to Jan 3, 2021. Legislation not passed by the end of a Congress is cleared from the books.

How to cite this information.

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“S.J.Res. 4 — 116th Congress: A joint resolution requiring the advice and consent of the Senate or an Act of ….” 2019. June 3, 2023 <>

Where is this information from?

GovTrack automatically collects legislative information from a variety of governmental and non-governmental sources. This page is sourced primarily from, the official portal of the United States Congress. is generally updated one day after events occur, and so legislative activity shown here may be one day behind. Data via the congress project.