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H.J.Res. 42: Proposing an amendment to the Constitution of the United States to provide that a new State may only be admitted into the Union upon a vote of two-thirds of each House of Congress.

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About the resolution

Should a bare majority be sufficient to make the District of Columbia or Puerto Rico new states?


The House of Representatives approved statehood for Washington, D.C., also known as the District of Columbia, by a party-line 216–208 vote in April. Despite Democratic control of the Senate, the bill’s path there is less certain because of Democratic holdouts such as Sen. Joe Manchin (D-WV).

Another House bill to grant Puerto Rico statehood has attracted 67 bipartisan cosponsors, mostly Democrats. President Biden has expressed his support, though he added that the measure should only be enacted if Puerto Ricans themselves support it, which they narrowly did in a nonbinding 2020 referendum.

Most Republicans oppose statehood for both D.C. and Puerto Rico. Currently the measures only need majority ...

Sponsor and status

Tom McClintock

Sponsor. Representative for California's 4th congressional district. Republican.

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Last Updated: Apr 21, 2021
Length: 2 pages
Apr 21, 2021
117th Congress (2021–2023)

Introduced on Apr 21, 2021

This resolution is in the first stage of the legislative process. It was introduced into Congress on April 21, 2021. It will typically be considered by committee next before it is possibly sent on to the House or Senate as a whole.


4 Cosponsors (4 Republicans)



Apr 21, 2021

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

If this resolution has further action, the following steps may occur next:
Passed Committee

Passed House (Senate next)

Passed Senate

Ratified by State Legislatures

H.J.Res. 42 is a joint resolution in the United States Congress.

A joint resolution is often used in the same manner as a bill. If passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and signed by the President, it becomes a law. Joint resolutions are also used to propose amendments to the Constitution.

Resolutions numbers restart every two years. That means there are other resolutions with the number H.J.Res. 42. This is the one from the 117th Congress.

How to cite this information.

We recommend the following MLA-formatted citation when using the information you see here in academic work:

“H.J.Res. 42 — 117th Congress: Proposing an amendment to the Constitution of the United States to provide that a new ...” 2021. July 24, 2021 <>

Where is this information from?

GovTrack automatically collects legislative information from a variety of governmental and non-governmental sources. This page is sourced primarily from, the official portal of the United States Congress. is generally updated one day after events occur, and so legislative activity shown here may be one day behind. Data via the congress project.