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H.R. 1083: Southeast Asia Strategy Act


The text of the bill below is as of Apr 16, 2021 (Preprint (Suspension)).


I




                                                                       117TH CONGRESS
                                                                          1ST SESSION
                                                                                                            H. R. 1083
                                                                       To require a strategy for engagement with Southeast Asia and the Association
                                                                                           of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).




                                                                                     IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
                                                                                                   FEBRUARY 15, 2021
                                                                       Mrs. WAGNER (for herself and Mr. CASTRO of Texas) introduced the following
                                                                              bill; which was referred to the Committee on Foreign Affairs




                                                                                                                 A BILL
                                                                          To require a strategy for engagement with Southeast Asia
                                                                          and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).

                                                                         1              Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa-
                                                                         2 tives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,
                                                                         3     SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

                                                                         4              This Act may be cited as the ‘‘Southeast Asia Strat-
                                                                         5 egy Act’’.
                                                                         6     SEC. 2. FINDINGS.

                                                                         7              Congress finds the following:
                                                                         8                        (1) Southeast Asia is the fulcrum of the Indo-
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                                                                         9              Pacific region, providing both a geographic and mar-
                                                                       10               itime link between East and South Asia.



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2 1 (2) The Association of Southeast Asian Nations 2 (ASEAN), a regional intergovernmental organiza- 3 tion, remains central to the Indo-Pacific region’s in- 4 stitutional architecture and to United States foreign 5 policy toward the region. 6 (3) The United States has reaffirmed that the 7 security and sovereignty of its Southeast Asian allies 8 and partners, including a strong, independent 9 ASEAN, remain vital to the prosperity and stability 10 of the Indo-Pacific region. 11 (4) The United States has committed to deepen 12 longstanding alliances and partnerships with a range 13 of Southeast Asian nations, including by promoting 14 our shared values, democracy, human rights, and 15 civil society. 16 (5) Since the end of the Second World War, 17 United States investments in strengthening alliances 18 and partnerships with Southeast Asian nations have 19 yielded tremendous returns for United States inter- 20 ests, as working with and through these alliances 21 and partnerships have increased the region’s ability 22 to address common challenges. 23 (6) ASEAN member states are critical United pamtmann on DSKBC07HB2PROD with BILLS 24 States security partners in protecting the freedom 25 and openness of the maritime domain and pre- •HR 1083 IH VerDate Sep 11 2014 20:52 Mar 12, 2021 Jkt 019200 PO 00000 Frm 00002 Fmt 6652 Sfmt 6201 E:\BILLS\H1083.IH H1083
3 1 venting violent extremism and the trafficking of 2 weapons of mass destruction. 3 (7) ASEAN member states have contributed 4 significantly to regional disaster monitoring and 5 management and emergency response through initia- 6 tives such as the ASEAN Coordinating Centre for 7 Humanitarian Assistance on Disaster Management, 8 an inter-governmental organization that facilitates 9 coordination and cooperation among ASEAN mem- 10 ber states and international organizations in times 11 of emergency. 12 (8) According to the 2018 ASEAN Business 13 Outlook Survey, ASEAN member states are vital to 14 the prosperity of the United States economy and ex- 15 ports to ASEAN economies support more than 16 500,000 jobs in the United States. 17 (9) The United States and ASEAN have estab- 18 lished a new strategic partnership that will enhance 19 cooperation across the economic, political-security, 20 and people-to-people pillars of the relationship. 21 SEC. 3. STATEMENT OF POLICY. 22 It is the policy of the United States to— 23 (1) deepen cooperation with ASEAN and pamtmann on DSKBC07HB2PROD with BILLS 24 ASEAN member states in the interest of promoting •HR 1083 IH VerDate Sep 11 2014 20:52 Mar 12, 2021 Jkt 019200 PO 00000 Frm 00003 Fmt 6652 Sfmt 6201 E:\BILLS\H1083.IH H1083
4 1 peace, security, and stability in the Indo-Pacific re- 2 gion; 3 (2) affirm the importance of ASEAN centrality 4 and ASEAN-led mechanisms in the evolving institu- 5 tional architecture of the Indo-Pacific region; and 6 (3) establish and communicate a comprehensive 7 strategy toward the Indo-Pacific region that articu- 8 lates— 9 (A) the role and importance of Southeast 10 Asia to the United States; 11 (B) the value of the United States-ASEAN 12 relationship; 13 (C) the mutual interests of all parties; 14 (D) the concrete and material benefits all 15 nations derive from strong United States en- 16 gagement and leadership in Southeast Asia; and 17 (E) efforts to forge and maintain ASEAN 18 consensus, especially on key issues of political 19 and security concern to the region, such as the 20 South China Sea. 21 SEC. 4. STRATEGY FOR ENGAGEMENT WITH SOUTHEAST 22 ASIA AND ASEAN. 23 (a) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 180 days after the pamtmann on DSKBC07HB2PROD with BILLS 24 date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State, 25 in consultation with the heads of other Federal depart- •HR 1083 IH VerDate Sep 11 2014 20:52 Mar 12, 2021 Jkt 019200 PO 00000 Frm 00004 Fmt 6652 Sfmt 6201 E:\BILLS\H1083.IH H1083
5 1 ments and agencies as appropriate, shall develop and sub- 2 mit to the appropriate congressional committees a com- 3 prehensive strategy for engagement with Southeast Asia 4 and ASEAN. 5 (b) MATTERS TO BE INCLUDED.—The strategy re- 6 quired by subsection (a) shall include the following: 7 (1) A statement of enduring United States in- 8 terests in Southeast Asia and a description of efforts 9 to bolster the effectiveness of ASEAN. 10 (2) A description of efforts to— 11 (A) deepen and expand Southeast Asian al- 12 liances, partnerships, and multilateral engage- 13 ments, including efforts to expand broad based 14 and inclusive economic growth, security ties, se- 15 curity cooperation and interoperability, eco- 16 nomic connectivity, and expand opportunities 17 for ASEAN to work with other like-minded 18 partners in the region; and 19 (B) encourage like-minded partners outside 20 of the Indo-Pacific region to engage with 21 ASEAN. 22 (3) A summary of initiatives across the whole 23 of the United States Government to strengthen the pamtmann on DSKBC07HB2PROD with BILLS 24 United States partnership with Southeast Asian na- 25 tions and ASEAN, including to promote broad based •HR 1083 IH VerDate Sep 11 2014 20:52 Mar 12, 2021 Jkt 019200 PO 00000 Frm 00005 Fmt 6652 Sfmt 6201 E:\BILLS\H1083.IH H1083
6 1 and inclusive economic growth, trade, investment, 2 energy innovation and sustainability, public-private 3 partnerships, physical and digital infrastructure de- 4 velopment, education, disaster management, public 5 health and global health security, and economic, po- 6 litical, and public diplomacy in Southeast Asia. 7 (4) A summary of initiatives across the whole 8 of the United States Government to enhance the ca- 9 pacity of Southeast Asian nations with respect to en- 10 forcing international law and multilateral sanctions, 11 and initiatives to cooperate with ASEAN as an insti- 12 tution in these areas. 13 (5) A summary of initiatives across the whole 14 of the United States Government to promote human 15 rights and democracy, to strengthen the rule of law, 16 civil society, and transparent governance, to combat 17 disinformation and to protect the integrity of elec- 18 tions from outside influence. 19 (6) A summary of initiatives to promote secu- 20 rity cooperation and security assistance within 21 Southeast Asian nations, including— 22 (A) maritime security and maritime do- 23 main awareness initiatives for protecting the pamtmann on DSKBC07HB2PROD with BILLS 24 maritime commons and supporting international •HR 1083 IH VerDate Sep 11 2014 20:52 Mar 12, 2021 Jkt 019200 PO 00000 Frm 00006 Fmt 6652 Sfmt 6201 E:\BILLS\H1083.IH H1083
7 1 law and freedom of navigation in the South 2 China Sea; and 3 (B) efforts to combat terrorism, human 4 trafficking, piracy, and illegal fishing, and pro- 5 mote more open, reliable routes for sea lines of 6 communication. 7 (c) DISTRIBUTION OF STRATEGY.—For the purposes 8 of assuring allies and partners in Southeast Asia and 9 deepening United States engagement with ASEAN, the 10 Secretary of State shall direct each United States chief 11 of mission to ASEAN and its member states to distribute 12 the strategy required by subsection (a) to host govern- 13 ments. 14 (d) APPROPRIATE CONGRESSIONAL COMMITTEES 15 DEFINED.—In this section, the term ‘‘appropriate con- 16 gressional committees’’ means— 17 (1) the Committee on Foreign Affairs and the 18 Committee on Armed Services of the House of Rep- 19 resentatives; and 20 (2) the Committee on Foreign Relations and 21 the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate. Æ pamtmann on DSKBC07HB2PROD with BILLS •HR 1083 IH VerDate Sep 11 2014 20:52 Mar 12, 2021 Jkt 019200 PO 00000 Frm 00007 Fmt 6652 Sfmt 6301 E:\BILLS\H1083.IH H1083