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H.R. 1181 (117th): Korematsu-Takai Civil Liberties Protection Act of 2021

About the bill

Would a modern-day equivalent of WWII-era Japanese-American internment camps be prevented by culture, or does it need to be banned by law?


After Japan attacked Pearl Harbor in 1941, prompting the U.S. to enter World War II, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed an executive order authorizing the detainment of U.S. residents with Japanese ancestry. About 122,000 people were forced to leave their homes and live in detention camps under this order, despite never being charged with a crime, including almost 70,000 American citizens.

One of them was Fred Korematsu, who brought his case all the way to the Supreme Court. In Korematsu v. U.S., the Court ruled against him 6–3. Although a federal district court judge symbolically overturned Korematsu’s conviction in 1983, the Supreme Court …

Sponsor and status

Mark Takano

Sponsor. Representative for California's 41st congressional district. Democrat.

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Last Updated: Feb 18, 2021
Length: 3 pages
Feb 18, 2021
117th Congress (2021–2023)
Died in a previous Congress

This bill was introduced on February 18, 2021, in a previous session of Congress, but it did not receive a vote.

Although this bill was not enacted, its provisions could have become law by being included in another bill. It is common for legislative text to be introduced concurrently in multiple bills (called companion bills), re-introduced in subsequent sessions of Congress in new bills, or added to larger bills (sometimes called omnibus bills).


1 Cosponsor (1 Democrat)



Feb 18, 2021

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

H.R. 1181 (117th) was a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number H.R. 1181. This is the one from the 117th Congress.

This bill was introduced in the 117th Congress, which met from Jan 3, 2021 to Jan 3, 2023. Legislation not passed by the end of a Congress is cleared from the books.

How to cite this information.

We recommend the following MLA-formatted citation when using the information you see here in academic work:

“H.R. 1181 — 117th Congress: Korematsu-Takai Civil Liberties Protection Act of 2021.” 2021. September 29, 2023 <>

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