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H.R. 1181: Korematsu-Takai Civil Liberties Protection Act of 2021

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About the bill

Would a modern-day equivalent of WWII-era Japanese-American internment camps be prevented by culture, or does it need to be banned by law?


After Japan attacked Pearl Harbor in 1941, prompting the U.S. to enter World War II, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed an executive order authorizing the detainment of U.S. residents with Japanese ancestry. About 122,000 people were forced to leave their homes and live in detention camps under this order, despite never being charged with a crime, including almost 70,000 American citizens.

One of them was Fred Korematsu, who brought his case all the way to the Supreme Court. In Korematsu v. U.S., the Court ruled against him 6–3. Although a federal district court judge symbolically overturned Korematsu’s conviction in 1983, the Supreme Court …

Sponsor and status

Mark Takano

Sponsor. Representative for California's 41st congressional district. Democrat.

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Last Updated: Feb 18, 2021
Length: 3 pages
Feb 18, 2021
117th Congress (2021–2023)

Introduced on Feb 18, 2021

This bill is in the first stage of the legislative process. It was introduced into Congress on February 18, 2021. It will typically be considered by committee next before it is possibly sent on to the House or Senate as a whole.

Other activity may have occurred on another bill with identical or similar provisions.


1 Cosponsor (1 Democrat)

4% chance of being enacted according to Skopos Labs (details)


Feb 18, 2021

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

If this bill has further action, the following steps may occur next:
Passed Committee

Passed House

Passed Senate

Signed by the President

H.R. 1181 is a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number H.R. 1181. This is the one from the 117th Congress.

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“H.R. 1181 — 117th Congress: Korematsu-Takai Civil Liberties Protection Act of 2021.” 2021. May 23, 2022 <>

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