skip to main content

H.R. 1382: Informed Consent Act


The text of the bill below is as of Feb 25, 2021 (Introduced).


I

117th CONGRESS

1st Session

H. R. 1382

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

February 25, 2021

(for himself, Mrs. Walorski, Mr. Harris, Mr. Murphy of North Carolina, Ms. Herrera Beutler, Mrs. Fischbach, Mrs. Hinson, Mr. Aderholt, Mr. Allen, Mr. Babin, Mr. Baird, Mr. Banks, Mrs. Boebert, Ms. Mace, Mr. Budd, Mr. Fallon, Mr. Feenstra, Mr. Fortenberry, Mr. Grothman, Mr. Johnson of South Dakota, Mr. Johnson of Louisiana, Mr. Keller, Mr. Kelly of Mississippi, Mr. Latta, Mr. Mooney, Mr. Moore of Alabama, Mr. Norman, Mr. Rose, Mr. Steube, Mr. Timmons, Mr. Weber of Texas, and Mr. Williams of Texas) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on the Judiciary

A BILL

To amend title 18, United States Code, to criminalize any abortion or sterilization procedure performed without the informed consent of the person on whom such procedure is performed, and for other purposes.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Informed Consent Act.

2.

Abortion and sterilization

(a)

In general

Chapter 7 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:

120.

Abortion and sterilization without informed consent

(a)

Offense

Whoever, under the circumstances described in subsection (b), knowingly performs an abortion or a sterilization procedure on a person without the informed consent of such person shall be fined under this title, imprisoned not more than 10 years, or both.

(b)

Circumstances described

For purposes of subsection (a), the circumstances described in this subsection are that—

(1)

the defendant is an officer, employee, or contractor of the Federal Government;

(2)

the defendant is a recipient of Federal funds from the Secretary of Health and Human Services or a program administered by the Secretary of Health and Human Services; or

(3)

the conduct described in subsection (a) occurred in or affected interstate commerce.

(c)

Exceptions

(1)

In general

Subsection (a) does not apply—

(A)

in the case that a woman suffers from a physical disorder, physical injury, or physical illness that would, as certified by a physician, place the woman in danger of death unless an abortion is performed, including a life-endangering physical condition caused by or arising from the pregnancy itself and not including psychological or emotional conditions; or

(B)

if, in reasonable medical judgement, a sterilization procedure is necessary to—

(i)

save the life of an individual whose life is endangered by a physical disorder, physical illness, or physical injury, including a life-endangering physical condition caused by or arising from the reproductive organs of the individual and not including psychological or emotional conditions; or

(ii)

to prevent serious risk of substantial and irreversible impairment of a major bodily function created by a delay.

(2)

Withholding of consent

Paragraph (1) shall not apply if the individual on whom an abortion or sterilization procedure is performed has explicitly refused to consent to the abortion or sterilization procedure.

(d)

Conduct of individuals with knowledge of violations

Whoever, being an officer, employee, or contractor of the Federal Government or an employee or contractor of a recipient of Federal funds from the Secretary of Health and Human Services or a program administered by the Secretary of Health and Human Services, has knowledge of a failure to comply with subsection (a) and does not, as soon as possible, make known the same to a Federal or State law enforcement agency, shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than three years, or both.

(e)

Definitions

(1)

Abortion

The term abortion means the use or prescription of any instrument, medicine, drug, or any other substance or device—

(A)

to intentionally kill the unborn child of a woman known to be pregnant; or

(B)

to intentionally terminate the pregnancy of a woman known to be pregnant, with an intention other than—

(i)

after viability to produce a live birth and preserve the life and health of the child born alive; or

(ii)

to remove a dead unborn child.

(2)

Reasonable medical judgment

The term reasonable medical judgment means a medical judgment that would be made by a reasonably prudent physician, knowledgeable about the case and the treatment possibilities with respect to the medical conditions involved.

(3)

Sterilization procedure

The term sterilization procedure means any medical procedure, treatment, or operation for the purpose of rendering an individual permanently incapable of reproducing.

.

(b)

Clerical amendment

The table of sections for chapter 7 of title 18, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:

120. Abortion and sterilization without informed consent.

.