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The summary below was written by the Congressional Research Service, which is a nonpartisan division of the Library of Congress, and was published on Mar 12, 2021.
Health Insurance Consumer Protection Act This bill requires health insurance exchanges to establish network adequacy standards for health insurance plans to meet. It also expands the review process for potentially unreasonable health insurance rates, including premiums. The review process, which currently covers only premium increases, is expanded to include the annual review of potentially excessive, unjustified, or unfairly discriminatory rates for health care coverage. If a rate is determined to be unreasonable, the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), or the relevant state agency, must take corrective action before, or as soon as possible after, the rate takes effect. Corrective actions may include denying or modifying a rate or requiring the insurer to issue a rebate to consumers. HHS may apply civil monetary penalties to health insurers that fail to comply with a corrective action. Additionally, HHS may decertify the plan as a qualified health plan (i.e., a plan that is certified for sale on a health insurance exchange, is eligible for premium subsidies, and meets the requirements for minimum essential coverage).