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H.R. 19 (117th): Lower Costs, More Cures Act of 2021


The text of the bill below is as of Apr 21, 2021 (Introduced). The bill was not enacted into law.


I

117th CONGRESS

1st Session

H. R. 19

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

April 21, 2021

(for herself, Mr. Brady, Ms. Foxx, Mr. Guthrie, Mr. Nunes, and Mr. Allen) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Energy and Commerce, and in addition to the Committees on Ways and Means, and the Judiciary, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned

A BILL

To provide for certain reforms with respect to the Medicare program under title XVIII of the Social Security Act, the Medicaid program under title XIX of such Act, the Food and Drug Administration, and for other purposes.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Lower Costs, More Cures Act of 2021.

2.

Table of contents

The table of contents for this Act is as follows:

Sec. 1. Short title.

Sec. 2. Table of contents.

Title I—Medicare Parts B and D

Subtitle A—Medicare Part B Provisions

Sec. 101. Improvements to Medicare site-of-service transparency.

Sec. 102. Requiring manufacturers of certain single-dose container or single-use package drugs payable under part B of the Medicare program to provide refunds with respect to discarded amounts of such drugs.

Sec. 103. Providing for variation in payment for certain drugs covered under part B of the Medicare program.

Sec. 104. Establishment of maximum add-on payment for drugs and biologicals.

Sec. 105. Treatment of drug administration services furnished by certain excepted off-campus outpatient departments of a provider.

Subtitle B—Drug Price Transparency

Sec. 111. Reporting on explanation for drug price increases.

Sec. 112. Public disclosure of drug discounts.

Sec. 113. Study of pharmaceutical supply chain intermediaries and merger activity.

Sec. 114. Making prescription drug marketing sample information reported by manufacturers available to certain individuals and entities.

Sec. 115. Sense of Congress regarding the need to expand commercially available drug pricing comparison platforms.

Subtitle C—Medicare Part D Benefit Redesign

Sec. 121. Medicare part D benefit redesign.

Subtitle D—Other Medicare Part D Provisions

Sec. 131. Allowing the offering of additional prescription drug plans under Medicare part D.

Sec. 132. Allowing certain enrollees of prescription drug plans and MA–PD plans under Medicare program to spread out cost-sharing under certain circumstances.

Sec. 133. Establishing a monthly cap on beneficiary incurred costs for insulin products and supplies under a prescription drug plan or MA–PD plan.

Sec. 134. Growth rate of Medicare part D out-of-pocket cost threshold.

Title II—Medicaid

Sec. 201. Medicaid pharmacy and therapeutics committee improvements.

Sec. 202. GAO report on conflicts of interest in State Medicaid program drug use review boards and pharmacy and therapeutics (P&T) committees.

Sec. 203. Ensuring the accuracy of manufacturer price and drug product information under the Medicaid drug rebate program.

Sec. 204. Improving transparency and preventing the use of abusive spread pricing and related practices in Medicaid.

Sec. 205. T–MSIS drug data analytics reports.

Sec. 206. Risk-sharing value-based payment agreements for covered outpatient drugs under Medicaid.

Sec. 207. Applying Medicaid drug rebate requirement to drugs provided as part of outpatient hospital services.

Title III—Food and Drug Administration

Subtitle A—Pay-for-Delay

Sec. 301. Unlawful agreements.

Sec. 302. Notice and certification of agreements.

Sec. 303. Forfeiture of 180-day exclusivity period.

Sec. 304. Commission litigation authority.

Sec. 305. Statute of limitations.

Subtitle B—Advancing Education on Biosimilars

Sec. 321. Education on biological products.

Subtitle C—Other Provisions

Sec. 331. Clarifying the meaning of new chemical entity.

Title IV—Revenue Provision

Sec. 401. Safe harbor for high deductible health plans without deductible for insulin.

Title V—Miscellaneous

Sec. 501. Payment for biosimilar biological products during initial period.

Sec. 502. GAO study and report on average sales price.

Sec. 503. Requiring prescription drug plans and MA–PD plans to report potential fraud, waste, and abuse to the Secretary of HHS.

Sec. 504. Establishment of pharmacy quality measures under Medicare part D.

Sec. 505. Improving coordination between the Food and Drug Administration and the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services.

Sec. 506. Patient consultation in Medicare national and local coverage determinations in order to mitigate barriers to inclusion of such perspectives.

Sec. 507. MedPAC report on shifting coverage of certain Medicare part B drugs to Medicare part D.

Sec. 508. Requirement that direct-to-consumer advertisements for prescription drugs and biological products include truthful and non-misleading pricing information.

Sec. 509. Chief Pharmaceutical Negotiator at the Office of the United States Trade Representative.

I

Medicare Parts B and D

A

Medicare Part B Provisions

101.

Improvements to Medicare site-of-service transparency

Section 1834(t) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395m(t)) is amended—

(1)

in paragraph (1)—

(A)

in the heading, by striking In general and inserting Site payment;

(B)

in the matter preceding subparagraph (A)—

(i)

by striking or to and inserting , to;

(ii)

by inserting , or to a physician for services furnished in a physician’s office after surgical center; and

(iii)

by inserting (or 2022 with respect to a physician for services furnished in a physician’s office) after 2018; and

(C)

in subparagraph (A)—

(i)

by striking and the and inserting , the; and

(ii)

by inserting , and the physician fee schedule under section 1848 (with respect to the practice expense component of such payment amount) after such section;

(2)

by redesignating paragraphs (2) through (4) as paragraphs (3) through (5), respectively; and

(3)

by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new paragraph:

(2)

Physician payment

Beginning in 2022, the Secretary shall expand the information included on the Internet website described in paragraph (1) to include—

(A)

the amount paid to a physician under section 1848 for an item or service for the settings described in paragraph (1); and

(B)

the estimated amount of beneficiary liability applicable to the item or service.

.

102.

Requiring manufacturers of certain single-dose container or single-use package drugs payable under part B of the Medicare program to provide refunds with respect to discarded amounts of such drugs

Section 1847A of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395w–3a) is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:

(i)

Refund for certain discarded single-Dose container or single-Use package drugs

(1)

Secretarial provision of information

(A)

In general

For each calendar quarter beginning on or after January 1, 2022, the Secretary shall, with respect to a refundable single-dose container or single-use package drug (as defined in paragraph (8)), report to each manufacturer (as defined in subsection (c)(6)(A)) of such refundable single-dose container or single-use package drug the following for the calendar quarter:

(i)

Subject to subparagraph (C), information on the total number of units of the billing and payment code of such drug, if any, that were discarded during such quarter, as determined using a mechanism such as the JW modifier used as of the date of enactment of this subsection (or any such successor modifier that includes such data as determined appropriate by the Secretary).

(ii)

The refund amount that the manufacturer is liable for pursuant to paragraph (3).

(B)

Determination of discarded amounts

For purposes of subparagraph (A)(i), with respect to a refundable single-dose container or single-use package drug furnished during a quarter, the amount of such drug that was discarded shall be determined based on the amount of such drug that was unused and discarded for each drug on the date of service.

(C)

Exclusion of units of packaged drugs

The total number of units of the billing and payment code of a refundable single-dose container or single-use package drug of a manufacturer furnished during a calendar quarter for purposes of subparagraph (A)(i), and the determination of the estimated total allowed charges for the drug in the quarter for purposes of paragraph (3)(A)(ii), shall not include such units that are packaged into the payment amount for an item or service and are not separately payable.

(2)

Manufacturer requirement

For each calendar quarter beginning on or after January 1, 2022, the manufacturer of a refundable single-dose container or single-use package drug shall, for such drug, provide to the Secretary a refund that is equal to the amount specified in paragraph (3) for such drug for such quarter.

(3)

Refund amount

(A)

In general

The amount of the refund specified in this paragraph is, with respect to a refundable single-dose container or single-use package drug of a manufacturer assigned to a billing and payment code for a calendar quarter beginning on or after January 1, 2022, an amount equal to the estimated amount (if any) by which—

(i)

the product of—

(I)

the total number of units of the billing and payment code for such drug that were discarded during such quarter (as determined under paragraph (1)); and

(II)
(aa)

in the case of a refundable single-dose container or single-use package drug that is a single source drug or biological, the amount of payment determined for such drug or biological under subsection (b)(1)(B) for such quarter; or

(bb)

in the case of a refundable single-dose container or single-use package drug that is a biosimilar biological product, the amount of payment determined for such product under subsection (b)(1)(C) for such quarter; exceeds

(ii)

an amount equal to the applicable percentage (as defined in subparagraph (B)) of the estimated total allowed charges for such drug under this part during the quarter.

(B)

Applicable percentage defined

(i)

In general

For purposes of subparagraph (A)(ii), the term applicable percentage means—

(I)

subject to subclause (II), 10 percent; and

(II)

if applicable, in the case of a refundable single-dose container or single-use package drug described in clause (ii), a percentage specified by the Secretary pursuant to such clause.

(ii)

Treatment of drugs that have unique circumstances

In the case of a refundable single-dose container or single-use package drug that has unique circumstances involving similar loss of product as that described in paragraph (8)(B)(ii), the Secretary, through notice and comment rulemaking, may increase the applicable percentage otherwise applicable under clause (i)(I) as determined appropriate by the Secretary.

(4)

Frequency

Amounts required to be refunded pursuant to paragraph (2) shall be paid in regular intervals (as determined appropriate by the Secretary).

(5)

Refund deposits

Amounts paid as refunds pursuant to paragraph (2) shall be deposited into the Federal Supplementary Medical Insurance Trust Fund established under section 1841.

(6)

Enforcement

(A)

Audits

(i)

Manufacturer audits

Each manufacturer of a refundable single-dose container or single-use package drug that is required to provide a refund under this subsection shall be subject to periodic audit with respect to such drug and such refunds by the Secretary.

(ii)

Provider audits

The Secretary shall conduct periodic audits of claims submitted under this part with respect to refundable single-dose container or single-use package drugs in accordance with the authority under section 1833(e) to ensure compliance with the requirements applicable under this subsection.

(B)

Civil money penalty

(i)

In general

The Secretary shall impose a civil money penalty on a manufacturer of a refundable single-dose container or single-use package drug who has failed to comply with the requirement under paragraph (2) for such drug for a calendar quarter in an amount equal to the sum of—

(I)

the amount that the manufacturer would have paid under such paragraph with respect to such drug for such quarter; and

(II)

25 percent of such amount.

(ii)

Application

The provisions of section 1128A (other than subsections (a) and (b)) shall apply to a civil money penalty under this subparagraph in the same manner as such provisions apply to a penalty or proceeding under section 1128A(a).

(7)

Implementation

The Secretary shall implement this subsection through notice and comment rulemaking.

(8)

Definition of refundable single-dose container or single-use package drug

(A)

In general

Except as provided in subparagraph (B), in this subsection, the term refundable single-dose container or single-use package drug means a single source drug or biological (as defined in section 1847A(c)(6)(D)) or a biosimilar biological product (as defined in section 1847A(c)(6)(H)) for which payment is made under this part and that is furnished from a single-dose container or single-use package.

(B)

Exclusions

The term refundable single-dose container or single-use package drug does not include—

(i)

a drug or biological that is either a radiopharmaceutical or an imaging agent;

(ii)

a drug or biological approved by the Food and Drug Administration for which dosage and administration instructions included in the labeling require filtration during the drug preparation process, prior to dilution and administration, and require that any unused portion of such drug after the filtration process be discarded after the completion of such filtration process; or

(iii)

a drug or biological approved by the Food and Drug Administration on or after the date of enactment of this subsection and with respect to which payment has been made under this part for fewer than 18 months.

(9)

Report to Congress

Not later than 3 years after the date of enactment of this subsection, the Office of the Inspector General, after consultation with the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services and the Food and Drug Administration, shall submit to the Committee on Energy and Commerce and the Committee on Ways and Means of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Finance in the Senate, a report on any impact this section is reported to have on the licensure, market entry, market retention, or marketing of biosimilar biological products. Such report shall be updated periodically at the direction of the Committee on Energy and Commerce and the Committee on Ways and Means of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Finance in the Senate.

.

103.

Providing for variation in payment for certain drugs covered under part B of the Medicare program

(a)

In general

Section 1847A(b) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395w–3a(b)) is amended—

(1)

in paragraph (1)—

(A)

in subparagraph (A), by inserting after or 106 percent the following: (or, for a multiple source drug (other than autologous cellular immunotherapy) furnished on or after January 1, 2022, the applicable percent specified in paragraph (9)(A) for the drug and quarter involved); and

(B)

in subparagraph (B) of paragraph (1), by inserting after 106 percent the following: (or, for a single source drug or biological (other than autologous cellular immunotherapy) furnished on or after January 1, 2022, the applicable percent specified in paragraph (9)(A) for the drug or biological and quarter involved); and

(2)

by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

(9)

Application of variable percentages based on percentile ranking of per beneficiary allowed charges

(A)

Applicable percent to be applied

(i)

In general

Subject to clauses (ii), with respect to a drug or biological furnished in a calendar quarter beginning on or after January 1, 2022, if the Secretary determines that the percentile rank of a drug or biological under subparagraph (B)(i)(III), with respect to per beneficiary allowed charges for all such drugs or biologicals, is—

(I)

at least equal to the 85th percentile, the applicable percent for the drug for such quarter under this subparagraph is 104 percent;

(II)

at least equal to the 70th percentile, but less than the 85th percentile, such applicable percent is 106 percent;

(III)

at least equal to the 50th percentile, but less than the 70th percentile, such applicable percent is 108 percent; or

(IV)

less than the 50th percentile, such applicable percent is 110 percent.

(ii)

Cases where data not sufficiently available to compute per beneficiary allowed charges

Subject to clause (iii), in the case of a drug or biological furnished for which the amount of payment is determined under subparagraph (A) or (B) of paragraph (1) and not under subsection (c)(4), for calendar quarters during a period in which data are not sufficiently available to compute a per beneficiary allowed charges for the drug or biological, the applicable percent is 106 percent.

(B)

Determination of percentile rank of per beneficiary allowed charges of drugs

(i)

In general

With respect to a calendar quarter beginning on or after January 1, 2022, for drugs and biologicals for which the amount of payment is determined under subparagraph (A) or (B) of paragraph (1), except for drugs or biologicals for which data are not sufficiently available, the Secretary shall—

(I)

compute the per beneficiary allowed charges (as defined in subparagraph (C)) for each such drug or biological;

(II)

adjust such per beneficiary allowed charges for the quarter, to the extent provided under subparagraph (D); and

(III)

array such adjusted per beneficiary allowed charges for all such drugs or biologicals from high to low and rank such drugs or biologicals by percentile of such arrayed per beneficiary allowed charges.

(ii)

Frequency

The Secretary shall make the computations under clause (i)(I) every 6 months (or, if necessary, as determined by the Secretary, every 9 or 12 months) and such computations shall apply to succeeding calendar quarters until a new computation has been made.

(iii)

Applicable data period

For purposes of this paragraph, the term applicable data period means the most recent period for which the data necessary for making the computations under clause (i) are available, as determined by the Secretary.

(C)

Per beneficiary allowed charges defined

In this paragraph, the term per beneficiary allowed charges means, with respect to a drug or biological for which the amount of payment is determined under subparagraph (A) or (B) of paragraph (1)—

(i)

the allowed charges for the drug or biological for which payment is so made for the applicable data period, as estimated by the Secretary; divided by

(ii)

the number of individuals for whom any payment for the drug or biological was made under paragraph (1) for the applicable data period, as estimated by the Secretary.

(D)

Adjustment to reflect changes in average sales price

In applying this paragraph for a particular calendar quarter, the Secretary shall adjust the per beneficiary allowed charges for a drug or biological by multiplying such per beneficiary allowed charges under subparagraph (C) for the applicable data period by the ratio of—

(i)

the average sales price for the drug or biological for the most recent calendar quarter used under subsection (c)(5)(B); to

(ii)

the average sales price for the drug or biological for the calendar quarter (or the weighted average for the quarters involved) included in the applicable data period.

.

(b)

Application of judicial review provisions

Section 1847A(g) of the Social Security Act is amended—

(1)

by striking and at the end of paragraph (4);

(2)

by striking the period at the end of paragraph (5) and inserting ; and; and

(3)

by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

(6)

the determination of per beneficiary allowed charges of drugs or biologicals and ranking of such charges under subsection (b)(9).

.

104.

Establishment of maximum add-on payment for drugs and biologicals

(a)

In general

Section 1847A of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395w–3a), as amended by section 103, is further amended—

(1)

in subsection (b)—

(A)

in paragraph (1), in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking paragraph (7) and inserting paragraphs (7) and (10); and

(B)

by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

(10)

Maximum add-on payment amount

(A)

In general

In determining the payment amount under the provisions of subparagraph (A), (B), or (C) of paragraph (1) of this subsection, subsection (c)(4)(A)(ii), or subsection (d)(3)(C) for a drug or biological furnished on or after January 1, 2022, if the applicable add-on payment (as defined in subparagraph (B)) for each drug or biological on a claim for a date of service exceeds the maximum add-on payment amount specified under subparagraph (C) for the drug or biological, then the payment amount otherwise determined for the drug or biological under those provisions, as applicable, shall be reduced by the amount of such excess.

(B)

Applicable add-on payment defined

In this paragraph, the term applicable add-on payment means the following amounts, determined without regard to the application of subparagraph (A):

(i)

In the case of a multiple source drug, an amount equal to the difference between—

(I)

the amount that would otherwise be applied under paragraph (1)(A); and

(II)

the amount that would be applied under such paragraph if 100 percent were substituted for the applicable percent (as defined in paragraph (9)) for such drug.

(ii)

In the case of a single source drug or biological, an amount equal to the difference between—

(I)

the amount that would otherwise be applied under paragraph (1)(B); and

(II)

the amount that would be applied under such paragraph if 100 percent were substituted for the applicable percent (as defined in paragraph (9)) for such drug or biological.

(iii)

In the case of a biosimilar biological product, the amount otherwise determined under paragraph (8)(B).

(iv)

In the case of a drug or biological during the initial period described in subsection (c)(4)(A), an amount equal to the difference between—

(I)

the amount that would otherwise be applied under subsection (c)(4)(A)(ii); and

(II)

the amount that would be applied under such subsection if 100 percent were substituted, as applicable, for—

(aa)

103 percent in subclause (I) of such subsection; or

(bb)

any percent in excess of 100 percent applied under subclause (II) of such subsection.

(v)

In the case of a drug or biological to which subsection (d)(3)(C) applies, an amount equal to the difference between—

(I)

the amount that would otherwise be applied under such subsection; and

(II)

the amount that would be applied under such subsection if 100 percent were substituted, as applicable, for—

(aa)

any percent in excess of 100 percent applied under clause (i) of such subsection; or

(bb)

103 percent in clause (ii) of such subsection.

(C)

Maximum add-on payment amount specified

For purposes of subparagraph (A), the maximum add-on payment amount specified in this subparagraph is—

(i)

with respect to a drug or biological (other than autologous cellular immunotherapy)—

(I)

for each of 2022 through 2029, $1,000; and

(II)

for a subsequent year, the amount specified in this subparagraph for the preceding year increased by the percentage increase in the consumer price index for all urban consumers (all items; United States city average) for the 12-month period ending with June of the previous year; or

(ii)

with respect to a drug or biological consisting of autologous cellular immunotherapy—

(I)

for each of 2022 through 2029, $2,000; and

(II)

for a subsequent year, the amount specified in this subparagraph for the preceding year increased by the percentage increase in the consumer price index for all urban consumers (all items; United States city average) for the 12-month period ending with June of the previous year.

Any amount determined under this subparagraph that is not a multiple of $10 shall be rounded to the nearest multiple of $10.

; and

(2)

in subsection (c)(4)(A)(ii), by striking in the case and inserting subject to subsection (b)(10), in the case.

(b)

Conforming amendments relating to separately payable drugs

(1)

OPPS

Section 1833(t)(14) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395l(t)(14)) is amended—

(A)

in subparagraph (A)(iii)(II), by inserting , subject to subparagraph (I) after are not available; and

(B)

by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:

(I)

Application of maximum add-on payment for separately payable drugs and biologicals

In establishing the amount of payment under subparagraph (A) for a specified covered outpatient drug that is furnished as part of a covered OPD service (or group of services) on or after January 1, 2022, if such payment is determined based on the average price for the year established under section 1847A pursuant to clause (iii)(II) of such subparagraph, the provisions of subsection (b)(10) of section 1847A shall apply to the amount of payment so established in the same manner as such provisions apply to the amount of payment under section 1847A.

.

(2)

ASC

Section 1833(i)(2)(D) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395l(i)(2)(D)) is amended—

(A)

by moving clause (v) 6 ems to the left;

(B)

by redesignating clause (vi) as clause (vii); and

(C)

by inserting after clause (v) the following new clause:

(vi)

If there is a separate payment under the system described in clause (i) for a drug or biological furnished on or after January 1, 2022, the provisions of subsection (t)(14)(I) shall apply to the establishment of the amount of payment for the drug or biological under such system in the same manner in which such provisions apply to the establishment of the amount of payment under subsection (t)(14)(A).

.

105.

Treatment of drug administration services furnished by certain excepted off-campus outpatient departments of a provider

Section 1833(t)(16) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395l(t)(16)) is amended by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:

(G)

Special payment rule for drug administration services furnished by an excepted department of a provider

(i)

In general

In the case of a covered OPD service that is a drug administration service (as defined by the Secretary) furnished by a department of a provider described in clause (ii) or (iv) of paragraph (21)(B), the payment amount for such service furnished on or after January 1, 2022, shall be the same payment amount (as determined in paragraph (21)(C)) that would apply if the drug administration service was furnished by an off-campus outpatient department of a provider (as defined in paragraph (21)(B)).

(ii)

Application without regard to budget neutrality

The reductions made under this subparagraph—

(I)

shall not be considered an adjustment under paragraph (2)(E); and

(II)

shall not be implemented in a budget neutral manner.

.

B

Drug Price Transparency

111.

Reporting on explanation for drug price increases

(a)

In general

Title III of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 241 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following:

W

Drug Price Reporting; Drug Value Fund

399OO.

Reporting on explanation for drug price increases

(a)

Definitions

In this section:

(1)

Manufacturer

The term manufacturer means the person—

(A)

that holds the application for a drug approved under section 505 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act or licensed under section 351 of this Act; or

(B)

who is responsible for setting the wholesale acquisition cost for the drug.

(2)

Qualifying drug

The term qualifying drug means any drug that is approved under subsection (c) or (j) of section 505 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act or licensed under subsection (a) or (k) of section 351 of this Act—

(A)

that has a wholesale acquisition cost of $100 or more, adjusted for inflation occurring after the date of enactment of this section, for a month’s supply or a typical course of treatment that lasts less than a month, and is—

(i)

subject to section 503(b)(1) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act;

(ii)

administered or otherwise dispensed to treat a disease or condition affecting more than 200,000 persons in the United States; and

(iii)

not a vaccine; and

(B)

for which, during the previous calendar year, at least 1 dollar of the total amount of sales were for individuals enrolled under the Medicare program under title XVIII of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395 et seq.) or under a State Medicaid plan under title XIX of such Act (42 U.S.C. 1396 et seq.) or under a waiver of such plan.

(3)

Wholesale acquisition cost

The term wholesale acquisition cost has the meaning given that term in section 1847A(c)(6)(B) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395w–3a(c)(6)(B)).

(b)

Report

(1)

Report required

The manufacturer of a qualifying drug shall submit a report to the Secretary for each increase in the price of a qualifying drug that results in an increase in the wholesale acquisition cost of that drug that is equal to—

(A)

10 percent or more within a single calendar year beginning on or after January 1, 2021; or

(B)

25 percent or more within three consecutive calendar years for which the first such calendar year begins on or after January 1, 2021.

(2)

Report deadline

Each report described in paragraph (1) shall be submitted to the Secretary—

(A)

in the case of a report with respect to an increase in the price of a qualifying drug that occurs during the period beginning on January 1, 2021, and ending on the day that is 60 days after the date of enactment of this section, not later than 90 days after such date of enactment; and

(B)

in the case of a report with respect to an increase in the price of a qualifying drug that occurs after the period described in subparagraph (A), not later than 30 days prior to the planned effective date of such price increase for such qualifying drug.

(c)

Contents

A report under subsection (b), consistent with the standard for disclosures described in section 213.3(d) of title 12, Code of Federal Regulations (as in effect on the date of enactment of this section), shall, at a minimum, include—

(1)

with respect to the qualifying drug—

(A)

the percentage by which the manufacturer will raise the wholesale acquisition cost of the drug within the calendar year or three consecutive calendar years as described in subsection (b)(1)(A) or (b)(1)(B), if applicable, and the effective date of such price increase;

(B)

an explanation for, and description of, each price increase for such drug that will occur during the calendar year period described in subsection (b)(1)(A) or the three consecutive calendar year period described in subsection (b)(1)(B), as applicable;

(C)

if known and different from the manufacturer of the qualifying drug, the identity of—

(i)

the sponsor or sponsors of any investigational new drug applications under section 505(i) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act for clinical investigations with respect to such drug, for which the full reports are submitted as part of the application—

(I)

for approval of the drug under section 505 of such Act; or

(II)

for licensure of the drug under section 351 of this Act; and

(ii)

the sponsor of an application for the drug approved under such section 505 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act or licensed under section 351 of this Act;

(D)

a description of the history of the manufacturer’s price increases for the drug since the approval of the application for the drug under section 505 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act or the issuance of the license for the drug under section 351 of this Act, or since the manufacturer acquired such approved application or license, if applicable;

(E)

the current wholesale acquisition cost of the drug;

(F)

the total expenditures of the manufacturer on—

(i)

materials and manufacturing for such drug; and

(ii)

acquiring patents and licensing for such drug;

(G)

the percentage of total expenditures of the manufacturer on research and development for such drug that was derived from Federal funds;

(H)

the total expenditures of the manufacturer on research and development for such drug that is necessary to demonstrate that it meets applicable statutory standards for approval under section 505 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act or licensure under section 351 of this Act, as applicable;

(I)

the total expenditures of the manufacturer on pursuing new or expanded indications or dosage changes for such drug under section 505 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act or section 351 of this Act;

(J)

the total expenditures of the manufacturer on carrying out postmarket requirements related to such drug, including under section 505(o)(3) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act;

(K)

the total revenue and the net profit generated from the qualifying drug for each calendar year since the approval of the application for the drug under section 505 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act or the issuance of the license for the drug under section 351, or since the manufacturer acquired such approved application or license; and

(L)

the total costs associated with marketing and advertising for the qualifying drug;

(2)

with respect to the manufacturer—

(A)

the total revenue and the net profit of the manufacturer for each of the 1-year period described in subsection (b)(1)(A) or the 3-year period described in subsection (b)(1)(B), as applicable;

(B)

all stock-based performance metrics used by the manufacturer to determine executive compensation for each of the 1-year period described in subsection (b)(1)(A) or the 3-year period described in subsection (b)(1)(B), as applicable; and

(C)

any additional information the manufacturer chooses to provide related to drug pricing decisions, such as total expenditures on—

(i)

drug research and development; or

(ii)

clinical trials, including on drugs that failed to receive approval by the Food and Drug Administration; and

(3)

such other related information as the Secretary considers appropriate and as specified by the Secretary through notice-and-comment rulemaking.

(d)

Information provided

The manufacturer of a qualifying drug that is required to submit a report under subsection (b), shall ensure that such report and any explanation for, and description of, each price increase described in subsection (c)(1)(B) shall be truthful, not misleading, and accurate.

(e)

Civil monetary penalty

Any manufacturer of a qualifying drug that fails to submit a report for the drug as required by this section, following notification by the Secretary to the manufacturer that the manufacturer is not in compliance with this section, shall be subject to a civil monetary penalty of $75,000 for each day on which the violation continues.

(f)

False information

Any manufacturer that submits a report for a drug as required by this section that knowingly provides false information in such report is subject to a civil monetary penalty in an amount not to exceed $75,000 for each item of false information.

(g)

Public posting

(1)

In general

Subject to paragraph (3), the Secretary shall post each report submitted under subsection (b) on the public website of the Department of Health and Human Services the day the price increase of a qualifying drug is scheduled to go into effect.

(2)

Format

In developing the format in which reports will be publicly posted under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall consult with stakeholders, including beneficiary groups, and shall seek feedback from consumer advocates and readability experts on the format and presentation of the content of such reports to ensure that such reports are—

(A)

user-friendly to the public; and

(B)

written in plain language that consumers can readily understand.

(3)

Protected information

Nothing in this section shall be construed to authorize the public disclosure of information submitted by a manufacturer that is prohibited from disclosure by applicable laws concerning the protection of trade secrets, commercial information, and other information covered under such laws.

399OO–1.

Annual report to Congress

(a)

In General

Subject to subsection (b), the Secretary shall submit to Congress, and post on the public website of the Department of Health and Human Services in a way that is user-friendly to the public and written in plain language that consumers can readily understand, an annual report—

(1)

summarizing the information reported pursuant to section 399OO;

(2)

including copies of the reports and supporting detailed economic analyses submitted pursuant to such section;

(3)

detailing the costs and expenditures incurred by the Department of Health and Human Services in carrying out section 399OO; and

(4)

explaining how the Department of Health and Human Services is improving consumer and provider information about drug value and drug price transparency.

(b)

Protected information

Nothing in this section shall be construed to authorize the public disclosure of information submitted by a manufacturer that is prohibited from disclosure by applicable laws concerning the protection of trade secrets, commercial information, and other information covered under such laws.

.

(b)

Effective date

The amendment made by subsection (a) takes effect on the date of enactment of this Act.

112.

Public disclosure of drug discounts

Section 1150A of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1320b–23) is amended—

(1)

in subsection (c), in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by inserting (other than as permitted under subsection (e)) after disclosed by the Secretary; and

(2)

by adding at the end the following new subsection:

(e)

Public availability of certain information

(1)

In general

In order to allow the comparison of PBMs’ ability to negotiate rebates, discounts, direct and indirect remuneration fees, administrative fees, and price concessions and the amount of such rebates, discounts, direct and indirect remuneration fees, administrative fees, and price concessions that are passed through to plan sponsors, beginning January 1, 2022, the Secretary shall make available on the Internet website of the Department of Health and Human Services the information with respect to the second preceding calendar year provided to the Secretary on generic dispensing rates (as described in paragraph (1) of subsection (b)) and information provided to the Secretary under paragraphs (2) and (3) of such subsection that, as determined by the Secretary, is with respect to each PBM.

(2)

Availability of data

In carrying out paragraph (1), the Secretary shall ensure the following:

(A)

Confidentiality

The information described in such paragraph is displayed in a manner that prevents the disclosure of information, with respect to an individual drug or an individual plan, on rebates, discounts, direct and indirect remuneration fees, administrative fees, and price concessions.

(B)

Class of drug

The information described in such paragraph is made available by class of drug, using an existing classification system, but only if the class contains such number of drugs, as specified by the Secretary (but not fewer than three drugs), to ensure confidentiality of proprietary information or other information that is prevented to be disclosed under subparagraph (A).

.

113.

Study of pharmaceutical supply chain intermediaries and merger activity

(a)

Initial report

Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Commission shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report that—

(1)

addresses at minimum—

(A)

whether pharmacy benefit managers—

(i)

charge payers a higher price than the reimbursement rate at which the pharmacy benefit managers reimburse competing pharmacies;

(ii)

steer patients for anticompetitive purposes to any pharmacies, including retail, mail-order, or any other type of pharmacy, in which the pharmacy benefit manager has an ownership interest;

(iii)

audit or review proprietary data, including acquisition costs, patient information, or dispensing information, of competing pharmacies that can be used for anticompetitive purposes; or

(iv)

use formulary designs to increase the market share of higher cost prescription drugs and depress the market share of lower cost prescription drugs (each net of rebates and discounts);

(B)

how companies and payers assess the benefits, costs, and risks of contracting with intermediaries, including pharmacy services administrative organizations, and whether more information about the roles of intermediaries should be available to consumers and payers; and

(C)

whether there are any specific legal or regulatory obstacles the Commission currently faces in ensuring a competitive and transparent marketplace in the pharmaceutical supply chain, including the pharmacy benefit manager marketplace and pharmacy services administrative organizations; and

(2)

provides—

(A)

observations or conclusions drawn from the November 2017 roundtable entitled Understanding Competition in Prescription Drug Markets: Entry and Supply Chain Dynamics, and any similar efforts;

(B)

specific actions the Commission intends to take as a result of the November 2017 roundtable, and any similar efforts, including a detailed description of relevant forthcoming actions, additional research or roundtable discussions, consumer education efforts, or enforcement actions; and

(C)

policy or legislative recommendations to—

(i)

improve transparency and competition in the pharmaceutical supply chain;

(ii)

prevent and deter anticompetitive behavior in the pharmaceutical supply chain; and

(iii)

best ensure that consumers benefit from any cost savings or efficiencies that may result from mergers and consolidations.

(b)

Interim report

Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Commission shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress an interim report on the progress of the report required by subsection (a), along with preliminary findings and conclusions based on information collected to that date.

(c)

Definitions

In this section:

(1)

Appropriate committees of Congress

The term appropriate committees of Congress means—

(A)

the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of Representatives;

(B)

the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate; and

(C)

the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of Representatives.

(2)

Commission

The term Commission means the Federal Trade Commission.

114.

Making prescription drug marketing sample information reported by manufacturers available to certain individuals and entities

(a)

In general

Section 1128H of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1320a–7i) is amended—

(1)

by redesignating subsection (b) as subsection (e); and

(2)

by inserting after subsection (a) the following new subsections:

(b)

Data sharing agreements

(1)

In general

The Secretary shall enter into agreements with the specified data sharing individuals and entities described in paragraph (2) under which—

(A)

upon request of such an individual or entity, as applicable, the Secretary makes available to such individual or entity the information submitted under subsection (a) by manufacturers and authorized distributors of record; and

(B)

such individual or entity agrees to not disclose publicly or to another individual or entity any information that identifies a particular practitioner or health care facility.

(2)

Specified data sharing individuals and entities

For purposes of paragraph (1), the specified data sharing individuals and entities described in this paragraph are the following:

(A)

Oversight agencies

Health oversight agencies (as defined in section 164.501 of title 45, Code of Federal Regulations), including the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, the Office of the Inspector General of the Department of Health and Human Services, the Government Accountability Office, the Congressional Budget Office, the Medicare Payment Advisory Commission, and the Medicaid and CHIP Payment and Access Commission.

(B)

Researchers

Individuals who conduct scientific research (as defined in section 164.501 of title 45, Code of Federal Regulations) in relevant areas as determined by the Secretary.

(C)

Payers

Private and public health care payers, including group health plans, health insurance coverage offered by health insurance issuers, Federal health programs, and State health programs.

(3)

Exemption from Freedom of Information Act

Except as described in paragraph (1), the Secretary may not be compelled to disclose the information submitted under subsection (a) to any individual or entity. For purposes of section 552 of title 5, United States Code (commonly referred to as the Freedom of Information Act), this paragraph shall be considered a statute described in subsection (b)(3)(B) of such section.

(c)

Penalties

(1)

Data sharing agreements

Subject to paragraph (3), any specified data sharing individual or entity described in subsection (b)(2) that violates the terms of a data sharing agreement the individual or entity has with the Secretary under subsection (b)(1) shall be subject to a civil money penalty of not less than $1,000, but not more than $10,000, for each such violation. Such penalty shall be imposed and collected in the same manner as civil money penalties under subsection (a) of section 1128A are imposed and collected under that section.

(2)

Failure to report

Subject to paragraph (3), any manufacturer or authorized distributor of record of an applicable drug under subsection (a) that fails to submit information required under such subsection in a timely manner in accordance with rules or regulations promulgated to carry out such subsection shall be subject to a civil money penalty of not less than $1,000, but not more than $10,000, for each such failure. Such penalty shall be imposed and collected in the same manner as civil money penalties under subsection (a) of section 1128A are imposed and collected under that section.

(3)

Limitation

The total amount of civil money penalties imposed under paragraph (1) or (2) with respect to a year and an individual or entity described in paragraph (1) or a manufacturer or distributor described in paragraph (2), respectively, shall not exceed $150,000.

(d)

Drug sample distribution information

(1)

In general

Not later than January 1 of each year (beginning with 2022), the Secretary shall maintain a list containing information related to the distribution of samples of applicable drugs. Such list shall provide the following information with respect to the preceding year:

(A)

The name of the manufacturer or authorized distributor of record of an applicable drug for which samples were requested or distributed under this section.

(B)

The quantity and class of drug samples requested.

(C)

The quantity and class of drug samples distributed.

(2)

Public availability

The Secretary shall make the information in such list available to the public on the Internet website of the Food and Drug Administration.

.

(b)

FDA maintenance of information

The Food and Drug Administration shall maintain information available to affected reporting companies to ensure their ability to fully comply with the requirements of section 1128H of the Social Security Act.

(c)

Prohibition on distribution of samples of opioids

Section 503(d) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 353(d)) is amended—

(1)

by moving the margin of paragraph (4) 2 ems to the left; and

(2)

by adding at the end the following:

(5)

No person may distribute a drug sample of a drug that is—

(A)

an applicable drug (as defined in section 1128H(e) of the Social Security Act);

(B)

a controlled substance (as defined in section 102 of the Controlled Substances Act) for which the findings required under section 202(b)(2) of such Act have been made; and

(C)

approved under section 505 for use in the management or treatment of pain (other than for the management or treatment of a substance use disorder).

.

(d)

MedPAC report

Not later than 3 years after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Medicare Payment Advisory Commission shall conduct a study on the impact of drug samples on provider prescribing practices and health care costs and may, as the Commission deems appropriate, make recommendations on such study.

115.

Sense of Congress regarding the need to expand commercially available drug pricing comparison platforms

It is the sense of Congress that—

(1)

commercially available drug pricing comparison platforms can, at no cost, help patients find the lowest price for their medications at their local pharmacy;

(2)

such platforms should be integrated, to the maximum extent possible, in the health care delivery ecosystem; and

(3)

pharmacy benefit managers should work to disclose generic and brand name drug prices to such platforms to ensure that—

(A)

patients can benefit from the lowest possible price available to them; and

(B)

overall drug prices can be reduced as more educated purchasing decisions are made based on price transparency.

C

Medicare Part D Benefit Redesign

121.

Medicare part D benefit redesign

(a)

Benefit structure redesign

Section 1860D–2(b) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395w– 102(b)) is amended—

(1)

in paragraph (2)—

(A)

in subparagraph (A)—

(i)

in the matter preceding clause (i), by inserting for a year preceding 2022 and for costs above the annual deductible specified in paragraph (1) and up to the annual out-of-pocket threshold specified in paragraph (4)(B) for 2022 and each subsequent year after paragraph (3);

(ii)

in clause (i), by inserting after 25 percent the following: (or, for 2022 and each subsequent year, 15 percent); and

(iii)

in clause (ii), by inserting (or, for 2022 and each subsequent year, 15 percent) after 25 percent;

(B)

in subparagraph (C)—

(i)

in clause (i), in the matter preceding subclause (I), by inserting for a year preceding 2022, after paragraph (4),; and

(ii)

in clause (ii)(III), by striking and each subsequent year and inserting and 2021; and

(C)

in subparagraph (D)—

(i)

in clause (i)—

(I)

in the matter preceding subclause (I), by inserting for a year preceding 2022, after paragraph (4),; and

(II)

in subclause (I)(bb), by striking a year after 2018 and inserting each of years 2018 through 2021; and

(ii)

in clause (ii)(V), by striking 2019 and each subsequent year and inserting each of years 2019 through 2021;

(2)

in paragraph (3)(A)—

(A)

in the matter preceding clause (i), by inserting for a year preceding 2022, after and (4),; and

(B)

in clause (ii), by striking for a subsequent year and inserting for each of years 2007 through 2021;

(3)

in paragraph (4)—

(A)

in subparagraph (A)—

(i)

in clause (i)—

(I)

by redesignating subclauses (I) and (II) as items (aa) and (bb), respectively, and indenting appropriately;

(II)

in the matter preceding item (aa), as redesignated by subclause (I), by striking is equal to the greater of— and inserting

is equal to—

(I)

for a year preceding 2022, the greater of—

;

(III)

by striking the period at the end of item (bb), as redesignated by subclause (I), and inserting ; and; and

(IV)

by adding at the end the following:

(II)

for 2022 and each succeeding year, $0.

; and

(ii)

in clause (ii)—

(I)

by striking clause (i)(I) and inserting clause (i)(I)(aa); and

(II)

by adding at the end the following new sentence: The Secretary shall continue to calculate the dollar amounts specified in clause (i)(I)(aa), including with the adjustment under this clause, after 2021 for purposes of section 1860D–14(a)(1)(D)(iii).;

(B)

in subparagraph (B)—

(i)

in clause (i)—

(I)

in subclause (V), by striking or at the end;

(II)

in subclause (VI)—

(aa)

by striking for a subsequent year and inserting for 2021; and

(bb)

by striking the period at the end and inserting a semicolon; and

(III)

by adding at the end the following new subclauses:

(VII)

for 2022, is equal to $3,100; or

(VIII)

for a subsequent year, is equal to the amount specified in this subparagraph for the previous year, increased by the annual percentage increase described in paragraph (6) for the year involved.

; and

(ii)

in clause (ii), by striking clause (i)(II) and inserting clause (i);

(C)

in subparagraph (C)(i), by striking and for amounts and inserting and for a year preceding 2022 for amounts; and

(D)

in subparagraph (E), by striking In applying and inserting For each of 2011 through 2021, in applying.

(b)

Decreasing reinsurance payment amount

Section 1860D–15(b)(1) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395w–115(b)(1)) is amended—

(1)

by striking equal to 80 percent and inserting

equal to–

(A)

for a year preceding 2022, 80 percent

;

(2)

in subparagraph (A), as added by paragraph (1), by striking the period at the end and inserting ; and; and

(3)

by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:

(B)

for 2022 and each subsequent year, the sum of—

(i)

an amount equal to 20 percent of the allowable reinsurance costs (as specified in paragraph (2)) attributable to that portion of gross covered prescription drug costs as specified in paragraph (3) incurred in the coverage year after such individual has incurred costs that exceed the annual out-of-pocket threshold specified in section 1860D–2(b)(4)(B) with respect to applicable drugs (as defined in section 1860D–14B(g)(2)); and

(ii)

an amount equal to 30 percent of the allowable reinsurance costs (as specified in paragraph (2)) attributable to that portion of gross covered prescription drug costs as specified in paragraph (3) incurred in the coverage year after such individual has incurred costs that exceed the annual out-of-pocket threshold specified in section 1860D–2(b)(4)(B) with respect to covered part D drugs that are not applicable drugs (as so defined).

.

(c)

Manufacturer discount program

(1)

In general

Part D of title XVIII of the Social Security Act is amended by inserting after section 1860D–14A (42 U.S.C. 1495w–114) the following new section:

1860D–14B.

Manufacturer discount program

(a)

Establishment

The Secretary shall establish a manufacturer discount program (in this section referred to as the program). Under the program, the Secretary shall enter into agreements described in subsection (b) with manufacturers and provide for the performance of the duties described in subsection (c). The Secretary shall establish a model agreement for use under the program by not later than January 1, 2023, in consultation with manufacturers, and allow for comment on such model agreement.

(b)

Terms of agreement

(1)

In general

(A)

Agreement

An agreement under this section shall require the manufacturer to provide applicable beneficiaries access to discounted prices for applicable drugs of the manufacturer that are dispensed on or after January 1, 2024.

(B)

Provision of discounted prices at the point-of-sale

The discounted prices described in subparagraph (A) shall be provided to the applicable beneficiary at the pharmacy or by the mail order service at the point-of-sale of an applicable drug.

(2)

Provision of appropriate data

Each manufacturer with an agreement in effect under this section shall collect and have available appropriate data, as determined by the Secretary, to ensure that it can demonstrate to the Secretary compliance with the requirements under the program.

(3)

Compliance with requirements for administration of program

Each manufacturer with an agreement in effect under this section shall comply with requirements imposed by the Secretary or a third party with a contract under subsection (d)(3), as applicable, for purposes of administering the program, including any determination under subparagraph (A) of subsection (c)(1) or procedures established under such subsection (c)(1).

(4)

Length of agreement

(A)

In general

An agreement under this section shall be effective for an initial period of not less than 12 months and shall be automatically renewed for a period of not less than 1 year unless terminated under subparagraph (B).

(B)

Termination

(i)

By the Secretary

The Secretary may provide for termination of an agreement under this section for a knowing and willful violation of the requirements of the agreement or other good cause shown. Such termination shall not be effective earlier than 30 days after the date of notice to the manufacturer of such termination. The Secretary shall provide, upon request, a manufacturer with a hearing concerning such a termination, and such hearing shall take place prior to the effective date of the termination with sufficient time for such effective date to be repealed if the Secretary determines appropriate.

(ii)

By a manufacturer

A manufacturer may terminate an agreement under this section for any reason. Any such termination shall be effective, with respect to a plan year—

(I)

if the termination occurs before January 30 of a plan year, as of the day after the end of the plan year; and

(II)

if the termination occurs on or after January 30 of a plan year, as of the day after the end of the succeeding plan year.

(iii)

Effectiveness of termination

Any termination under this subparagraph shall not affect discounts for applicable drugs of the manufacturer that are due under the agreement before the effective date of its termination.

(iv)

Notice to third party

The Secretary shall provide notice of such termination to a third party with a contract under subsection (d)(3) within not less than 30 days before the effective date of such termination.

(5)

Effective date of agreement

An agreement under this section shall take effect on a date determined appropriate by the Secretary, which may be at the start of a calendar quarter.

(c)

Duties described

The duties described in this subsection are the following:

(1)

Administration of program

Administering the program, including—

(A)

the determination of the amount of the discounted price of an applicable drug of a manufacturer;

(B)

the establishment of procedures under which discounted prices are provided to applicable beneficiaries at pharmacies or by mail order service at the point-of-sale of an applicable drug;

(C)

the establishment of procedures to ensure that, not later than the applicable number of calendar days after the dispensing of an applicable drug by a pharmacy or mail order service, the pharmacy or mail order service is reimbursed for an amount equal to the difference between—

(i)

the negotiated price of the applicable drug; and

(ii)

the discounted price of the applicable drug;

(D)

the establishment of procedures to ensure that the discounted price for an applicable drug under this section is applied before any coverage or financial assistance under other health benefit plans or programs that provide coverage or financial assistance for the purchase or provision of prescription drug coverage on behalf of applicable beneficiaries as the Secretary may specify; and

(E)

providing a reasonable dispute resolution mechanism to resolve disagreements between manufacturers, applicable beneficiaries, and the third party with a contract under subsection (d)(3).

(2)

Monitoring compliance

(A)

In general

The Secretary shall monitor compliance by a manufacturer with the terms of an agreement under this section.

(B)

Notification

If a third party with a contract under subsection (d)(3) determines that the manufacturer is not in compliance with such agreement, the third party shall notify the Secretary of such noncompliance for appropriate enforcement under subsection (e).

(3)

Collection of data from prescription drug plans and MA–PD plans

The Secretary may collect appropriate data from prescription drug plans and MA–PD plans in a timeframe that allows for discounted prices to be provided for applicable drugs under this section.

(d)

Administration

(1)

In general

Subject to paragraph (2), the Secretary shall provide for the implementation of this section, including the performance of the duties described in subsection (c).

(2)

Limitation

In providing for the implementation of this section, the Secretary shall not receive or distribute any funds of a manufacturer under the program.

(3)

Contract with third parties

The Secretary shall enter into a contract with 1 or more third parties to administer the requirements established by the Secretary in order to carry out this section. At a minimum, the contract with a third party under the preceding sentence shall require that the third party—

(A)

receive and transmit information between the Secretary, manufacturers, and other individuals or entities the Secretary determines appropriate;

(B)

receive, distribute, or facilitate the distribution of funds of manufacturers to appropriate individuals or entities in order to meet the obligations of manufacturers under agreements under this section;

(C)

provide adequate and timely information to manufacturers, consistent with the agreement with the manufacturer under this section, as necessary for the manufacturer to fulfill its obligations under this section; and

(D)

permit manufacturers to conduct periodic audits, directly or through contracts, of the data and information used by the third party to determine discounts for applicable drugs of the manufacturer under the program.

(4)

Performance requirements

The Secretary shall establish performance requirements for a third party with a contract under paragraph (3) and safeguards to protect the independence and integrity of the activities carried out by the third party under the program under this section.

(5)

Administration

Chapter 35 of title 44, United States Code, shall not apply to the program under this section.

(e)

Enforcement

(1)

Audits

Each manufacturer with an agreement in effect under this section shall be subject to periodic audit by the Secretary.

(2)

Civil money penalty

(A)

In general

The Secretary shall impose a civil money penalty on a manufacturer that fails to provide applicable beneficiaries discounts for applicable drugs of the manufacturer in accordance with such agreement for each such failure in an amount the Secretary determines is commensurate with the sum of—

(i)

the amount that the manufacturer would have paid with respect to such discounts under the agreement, which will then be used to pay the discounts which the manufacturer had failed to provide; and

(ii)

25 percent of such amount.

(B)

Application

The provisions of section 1128A (other than subsections (a) and (b)) shall apply to a civil money penalty under this paragraph in the same manner as such provisions apply to a penalty or proceeding under section 1128A(a).

(f)

Clarification regarding availability of other covered part D drugs

Nothing in this section shall prevent an applicable beneficiary from purchasing a covered part D drug that is not on the formulary of the prescription drug plan or MA–PD plan that the applicable beneficiary is enrolled in.

(g)

Definitions

In this section:

(1)

Applicable beneficiary

The term applicable beneficiary means an individual who, on the date of dispensing a covered part D drug—

(A)

is enrolled in a prescription drug plan or an MA–PD plan;

(B)

is not enrolled in a qualified retiree prescription drug plan; and

(C)

has incurred costs for covered part D drugs in the year that are equal to or exceed the annual deductible specified in section 1860D–2(b)(1) for such year.

(2)

Applicable drug

The term applicable drug means, with respect to an applicable beneficiary, a covered part D drug—

(A)

approved under a new drug application under section 505(c) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act or, in the case of a biologic product, licensed under section 351 of the Public Health Service Act (including a product licensed under subsection (k) of such section); and

(B)
(i)

if the PDP sponsor of the prescription drug plan or the MA organization offering the MA–PD plan uses a formulary, which is on the formulary of the prescription drug plan or MA–PD plan that the applicable beneficiary is enrolled in;

(ii)

if the PDP sponsor of the prescription drug plan or the MA organization offering the MA–PD plan does not use a formulary, for which benefits are available under the prescription drug plan or MA–PD plan that the applicable beneficiary is enrolled in; or

(iii)

is provided through an exception or appeal.

(3)

Applicable number of calendar days

The term applicable number of calendar days means—

(A)

with respect to claims for reimbursement submitted electronically, 14 days; and

(B)

with respect to claims for reimbursement submitted otherwise, 30 days.

(4)

Discounted price

(A)

In general

The term discounted price means, with respect to an applicable drug of a manufacturer furnished during a year to an applicable beneficiary, 90 percent of the negotiated price of such drug.

(B)

Clarification

Nothing in this section shall be construed as affecting the responsibility of an applicable beneficiary for payment of a dispensing fee for an applicable drug.

(C)

Special case for claims spanning deductible

In the case where the entire amount of the negotiated price of an individual claim for an applicable drug with respect to an applicable beneficiary does not fall at or above the annual deductible specified in section 1860D–2(b)(1) for the year, the manufacturer of the applicable drug shall provide the discounted price under this section on only the portion of the negotiated price of the applicable drug that falls at or above such annual deductible.

(5)

Manufacturer

The term manufacturer means any entity which is engaged in the production, preparation, propagation, compounding, conversion, or processing of prescription drug products, either directly or indirectly by extraction from substances of natural origin, or independently by means of chemical synthesis, or by a combination of extraction and chemical synthesis. Such term does not include a wholesale distributor of drugs or a retail pharmacy licensed under State law.

(6)

Negotiated price

The term negotiated price has the meaning given such term in section 1860D–2(d)(1)(B), except that such negotiated price shall not include any dispensing fee for an applicable drug.

(7)

Qualified retiree prescription drug plan

The term qualified retiree prescription drug plan has the meaning given such term in section 11860D–22(a)(2).

.

(2)

Sunset of Medicare coverage gap discount program

Section 1860D–14A of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395–114a) is amended—

(A)

in subsection (a), in the first sentence, by striking The Secretary and inserting Subject to subsection (h), the Secretary; and

(B)

by adding at the end the following new subsection:

(h)

Sunset of program

(1)

In general

The program shall not apply to applicable drugs dispensed on or after January 1, 2024, and, subject to paragraph (2), agreements under this section shall be terminated as of such date.

(2)

Continued application for applicable drugs dispensed prior to sunset

The provisions of this section (including all responsibilities and duties) shall continue to apply after January 1, 2024, with respect to applicable drugs dispensed prior to such date.

.

(3)

Inclusion of actuarial value of manufacturer discounts in bids

Section 1860D–11 of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395w–111) is amended—

(A)

in subsection (b)(2)(C)(iii)—

(i)

by striking assumptions regarding the reinsurance and inserting

assumptions regarding—

(I)

the reinsurance

; and

(ii)

by adding at the end the following:

(II)

for 2024 and each subsequent year, the manufacturer discounts provided under section 1860D– 14B subtracted from the actuarial value to produce such bid; and

; and

(B)

in subsection (c)(1)(C)—

(i)

by striking an actuarial valuation of the reinsurance and inserting

an actuarial valuation of—

(i)

the reinsurance

;

(ii)

in clause (i), as added by clause (i) of this subparagraph, by adding and at the end; and

(iii)

by adding at the end the following:

(ii)

for 2024 and each subsequent year, the manufacturer discounts provided under section 1860D–14B;

.

(4)

Clarification regarding exclusion of manufacturer discounts from TrOOP

Section 1860D–2(b)(4) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395w–102(b)(4)) is amended—

(A)

in subparagraph (C), by inserting and subject to subparagraph (F) after subparagraph (E); and

(B)

by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:

(F)

Clarification regarding exclusion of manufacturer discounts

In applying subparagraph (A), incurred costs shall not include any manufacturer discounts provided under section 1860D–14B.

.

(d)

Determination of allowable reinsurance costs

Section 1860D–15(b) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395w–115(b)) is amended—

(1)

in paragraph (2)—

(A)

by striking Costs.—For purposes and inserting

Costs.—

(A)

In general

Subject to subparagraph (B), for purposes

; and

(B)

by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:

(B)

Inclusion of manufacturer discounts on applicable drugs

For purposes of applying subparagraph (A), the term allowable reinsurance costs shall include the portion of the negotiated price (as defined in section 1860D–14B(g)(6)) of an applicable drug (as defined in section 1860D–14(g)(2)) that was paid by a manufacturer under the manufacturer discount program under section 1860D–14B.

; and

(2)

in paragraph (3)—

(A)

in the first sentence, by striking For purposes and inserting Subject to paragraph (2)(B), for purposes; and

(B)

in the second sentence, by inserting or, in the case of an applicable drug, by a manufacturer after by the individual or under the plan.

(e)

Updating risk adjustment methodologies to account for part D modernization redesign

Section 1860D–15(c) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395w–115(c)) is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

(3)

Updating risk adjustment methodologies to account for part D modernization redesign

The Secretary shall update the risk adjustment model used to adjust bid amounts pursuant to this subsection as appropriate to take into account changes in benefits under this part pursuant to the amendments made by section 121 of the Lower Costs, More Cures Act of 2021.

.

(f)

Conditions for coverage of drugs under this part

Section 1860D–43 of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395w–153) is amended—

(1)

in subsection (a)—

(A)

in paragraph (2), by striking and at the end;

(B)

in paragraph (3), by striking the period at the end and inserting a semicolon; and

(C)

by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:

(4)

participate in the manufacturer discount program under section 1860D–14B;

(5)

have entered into and have in effect an agreement described in subsection (b) of such section 1860D–14B with the Secretary; and

(6)

have entered into and have in effect, under terms and conditions specified by the Secretary, a contract with a third party that the Secretary has entered into a contract with under subsection (d)(3) of such section 1860D–14B.

;

(2)

by striking subsection (b) and inserting the following:

(b)

Effective date

Paragraphs (1) through (3) of subsection (a) shall apply to covered part D drugs dispensed under this part on or after January 1, 2011, and before January 1, 2024, and paragraphs (4) through (6) of such subsection shall apply to covered part D drugs dispensed on or after January 1, 2024.

; and

(3)

in subsection (c), by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the following:

(2)

the Secretary determines that in the period beginning on January 1, 2011, and ending on December 31, 2011 (with respect to paragraphs (1) through (3) of subsection (a)) or the period beginning on January 1, 2024, and ending December 31, 2024 (with respect to paragraphs (4) through (6) of such subsection), there were extenuating circumstances.

.

(g)

Conforming amendments

(1)

Section 1860D–2 of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395w–102) is amended—

(A)

in subsection (a)(2)(A)(i)(I), by striking , or an increase in the initial and inserting or for a year preceding 2024 an increase in the initial;

(B)

in subsection (c)(1)(C)—

(i)

in the subparagraph heading, by striking at initial coverage limit; and

(ii)

by inserting for a year preceding 2024 or the annual out-of-pocket threshold specified in subsection (b)(4)(B) for the year for 2024 and each subsequent year after subsection (b)(3) for the year each place it appears; and

(C)

in subsection (d)(1)(A), by striking or an initial and inserting or for a year preceding 2024, an initial.

(2)

Section 1860D–4(a)(4)(B)(i) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395w–104(a)(4)(B)(i)) is amended by striking the initial and inserting for a year preceding 2024, the initial.

(3)

Section 1860D–14(a) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395w–114(a)) is amended—

(A)

in paragraph (1)—

(i)

in subparagraph (C), by striking The continuation and inserting For a year preceding 2024, the continuation;

(ii)

in subparagraph (D)(iii), by striking 1860D–2(b)(4)(A)(i)(I) and inserting 1860D–2(b)(4)(A)(i)(I)(aa); and

(iii)

in subparagraph (E), by striking The elimination and inserting For a year preceding 2024, the elimination; and

(B)

in paragraph (2)—

(i)

in subparagraph (C), by striking The continuation and inserting For a year preceding 2024, the continuation; and

(ii)

in subparagraph (E)—

(I)

by inserting for a year preceding 2024, after subsection (c); and

(II)

by striking 1860D– 2(b)(4)(A)(i)(I) and inserting 1860D–2(b)(4)(A)(i)(I)(aa).

(4)

Section 1860D–21(d)(7) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395w–131(d)(7)) is amended by striking section 1860D–2(b)(4)(B)(i) and inserting section 1860D–2(b)(4)(C)(i).

(5)

Section 1860D–22(a)(2)(A) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395w–132(a)(2)(A)) is amended—

(A)

by striking the value of any discount and inserting the following:

the value of—

(i)

for years prior to 2024, any discount

;

(B)

in clause (i), as inserted by subparagraph (A) of this paragraph, by striking the period at the end and inserting ; and; and

(C)

by adding at the end the following new clause:

(ii)

for 2024 and each subsequent year, any discount provided pursuant to section 1860D–14B.

.

(6)

Section 1860D–41(a)(6) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395w–151(a)(6)) is amended—

(A)

by inserting for a year before 2024 after 1860D–2(b)(3); and

(B)

by inserting for such year before the period.

(h)

Effective date

The amendments made by this section shall apply to plan year 2024 and subsequent plan years.

D

Other Medicare Part D Provisions

131.

Allowing the offering of additional prescription drug plans under Medicare part D

(a)

Rescinding and issuance of new guidance

Not later than one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Health and Human Services (in this section referred to as the Secretary) shall—

(1)

rescind sections of any sub-regulatory guidance that limit the number of prescription drug plans in each PDP region that may be offered by a PDP sponsor under part D of title XVIII of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395w–101 et seq.); and

(2)

issue new guidance specifying that a PDP sponsor may offer up to 4 (or a greater number if determined appropriate by the Secretary) prescription drug plans in each PDP region, except in cases where the PDP sponsor may offer up to 2 additional plans in a PDP region pursuant to section 1860D–11(d)(4) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395w–111(d)(4)), as added by subsection (b).

(b)

Offering of additional plans

Section 1860D–11(d) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395w–111(d)) is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

(4)

Offering of additional plans

(A)

In general

For plan year 2022 and each subsequent plan year, a PDP sponsor may offer up to 2 additional prescription drug plans in a PDP region (in addition to any limit established by the Secretary under this part) provided that the PDP sponsor complies with subparagraph (B) with respect to at least one such prescription drug plan.

(B)

Requirements

In order to be eligible to offer up to 2 additional plans in a PDP region pursuant to subparagraph (A), a PDP sponsor must ensure that, with respect to at least one such prescription drug plan, the sponsor or any entity that provides pharmacy benefits management services under a contract with any such sponsor or plan does not receive direct or indirect remuneration, as defined in section 423.308 of title 42, Code of Federal Regulations (or any successor regulation), unless at least 25 percent of the aggregate reductions in price or other remuneration received by the PDP sponsor or entity from drug manufacturers with respect to the plan and plan year—

(i)

are reflected at the point-of-sale to the enrollee; or

(ii)

are used to reduce total beneficiary cost-sharing estimated by the PDP sponsor for prescription drug coverage under the plan in the annual bid submitted by the PDP sponsor under section 1860D–11(b).

(C)

Definition of reductions in price

For purposes of subparagraph (B), the term reductions in price refers only to collectible amounts, as determined by the Secretary, which excludes amounts which after adjudication and reconciliation with pharmacies and manufacturers are duplicate in nature, contrary to other contractual clauses, or otherwise ineligible (such as due to beneficiary disenrollment or coordination of benefits).

.

(c)

Rule of construction

Nothing in the provisions of, or amendments made by, this section shall be construed as limiting the ability of the Secretary to increase any limit otherwise applicable on the number of prescription drug plans that a PDP sponsor may offer, at the discretion of the PDP sponsor, in a PDP region under part D of title XVIII of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395w–101 et seq.).

132.

Allowing certain enrollees of prescription drug plans and MA–PD plans under Medicare program to spread out cost-sharing under certain circumstances

(a)

Standard prescription drug coverage

Section 1860D–2(b)(2) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395w–102(b)(2)), as amended by section 121, is further amended—

(1)

in subparagraph (A), by striking Subject to subparagraphs (C) and (D) and inserting Subject to subparagraphs (C), (D), and (E); and

(2)

by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:

(E)

Enrollee option regarding spreading cost-sharing

(i)

In general

The Secretary shall establish by regulation a process under which, with respect to plan year 2022 and subsequent plan years, a prescription drug plan or an MA–PD plan shall, in the case of a part D eligible individual enrolled with such plan for such plan year with respect to whom the plan projects that the dispensing of a covered part D drug to such individual will result in the individual incurring costs within a 30-day period that are equal to a significant percentage (as specified by the Secretary pursuant to such regulation) of the annual out-of-pocket threshold specified in paragraph (4)(B) for such plan year, provide such individual with the option to make the coinsurance payment required under subparagraph (A) for such costs in the form of equal monthly installments over the remainder of such plan year.

(ii)

Significant percentage limitations

In specifying a significant percentage pursuant to the regulation established by the Secretary under clause (i), the Secretary may not specify a percentage that is less than 30 percent or greater than 100 percent.

.

(b)

Alternative prescription drug coverage

Section 1860D–2(c) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395w–102(c)) is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

(4)

Same enrollee option regarding spreading cost-sharing

For plan year 2022 and subsequent plan years, the coverage provides the enrollee option regarding spreading cost-sharing described in and required under subsection (b)(2)(E).

.

133.

Establishing a monthly cap on beneficiary incurred costs for insulin products and supplies under a prescription drug plan or MA–PD plan

(a)

In general

Section 1860D–2 of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395w–102), as amended by sections 121 and 133, is further amended—

(1)

in subsection (b)(2)—

(A)

in subparagraph (A), by striking and (E) and inserting (E), and (F);

(B)

in subparagraph (B), by striking and (D) and inserting (D), and (F); and

(C)

by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:

(F)

Cap on incurred costs for insulin products and supplies

(i)

In general

The coverage provides benefits, for costs above the annual deductible specified in paragraph (1) and up to the annual out-of-pocket threshold described in paragraph (4)(B) and with respect to a month (beginning with January of 2022), with cost sharing that is equal to $0 for a specified covered part D drug (as defined in clause (iii)) furnished to an individual who has incurred costs during such month with respect to specified covered part D drugs equal to—

(I)

for months occurring in 2022, $50; or

(II)

for months occurring in a subsequent year, the amount applicable under this clause for months occurring in the year preceding such subsequent year, increased by the annual percentage increase specified in paragraph (6) for such subsequent year and rounded to the nearest dollar.

(ii)

Application

The provisions of clauses (i) through (iii) of paragraph (4)(C) shall apply with respect to the determination of the incurred costs for specified covered part D drugs for purposes of clause (i) in the same manner as such provisions apply with respect to the determination of incurred costs for covered part D drugs for purposes of paragraph (4)(A).

(iii)

Specified covered part D drug

For purposes of this subparagraph, the term specified covered part D drug means a covered part D drug that is—

(I)

insulin; or

(II)

a medical supply associated with the injection of insulin (as defined in regulations of the Secretary promulgated pursuant to subsection (e)(1)(B)).

; and

(2)

in subsection (c), by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

(5)

Same protection with respect to expenditures for insulin and certain medical supplies

The coverage provides the coverage required under subsection (b)(2)(F).

.

(b)

Conforming amendments

(1)

In general

Section 1860D–14(a)(1)(D) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395w–114(a)(1)(D)), as amended by section 121, is further amended—

(A)

in clause (ii), by striking section 1860D–2(b)(2) and inserting section 1860D–2(b)(2)(A); and

(B)

in clause (iii), by striking section 1860D–2(b)(2) and inserting section 1860D–2(b)(2)(A).

(2)

Effective date

The amendments made by paragraph (1) shall apply with respect to plan year 2022 and each subsequent plan year.

134.

Growth rate of Medicare part D out-of-pocket cost threshold

(a)

Providing Medicare part D beneficiaries with certain 2020 offset payments

Section 1860D–2(b)(4) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395w–102(b)(4)) is amended by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:

(F)

2020 offset payments

(i)

In general

Subject to clause (iv), the Secretary shall provide for payment from the Medicare Prescription Drug Account as follows:

(I)

In the case of a specified individual (as defined in clause (ii)(I)) who as of the last day of a calendar quarter in 2020 has incurred costs for covered part D drugs so that the individual has exceeded the annual out-of-pocket threshold applied under subparagraph (B)(i)(V) for 2020, payment to the individual by not later than 15th day of the third month following the end of such quarter of the amount by which such threshold so applied exceeded the target threshold for 2020.

(II)

In the case of a specified individual who is not described in subclause (I) and who as of the last day of 2020 has incurred costs for covered part D drugs so that the individual has exceeded the target threshold for 2020, payment to the individual by not later than December 31, 2021, of the amount by which such incurred costs exceeded the target threshold for 2020.

(ii)

Definitions

For purposes of this subparagraph:

(I)

Specified individual

The term specified individual means an individual who—

(aa)

is enrolled in a prescription drug plan or an MA– PD plan;

(bb)

is not enrolled in a qualified retiree prescription drug plan; and

(cc)

is not entitled to an income-related subsidy under section 1860D–14(a).

(II)

Target threshold for 2020

The term target threshold for 2020 means the annual out-of-pocket threshold that would have been applied under subparagraph (B)(i) for 2020 if such threshold had been determined in accordance with subclause (IV) of such subparagraph instead of subclause (V) of such subparagraph.

(iii)

Notification

In the case of any specified individual who during 2020 has incurred costs for covered part D drugs so that the individual has exceeded the target threshold for 2020, the Secretary shall, not later than September 30, 2021, provide to such individual a notification informing such individual of such individual’s right to a payment described in clause (i) and the estimated timing of such payment.

(iv)

Clarification

The Secretary shall provide only 1 payment under this subparagraph with respect to any individual.

(v)

Implementation

The Secretary may implement this subparagraph by program instruction or otherwise.

.

(b)

Reduced growth rate for 2021 of Medicare part D out-of-Pocket cost threshold

Section 1860D–2(b)(4)(B)(i) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395w–102(b)(4)(B)(i)) is amended—

(1)

in subclause (V), by striking at the end or;

(2)

by redesignating subclause (VI) as subclause (VIII); and

(3)

by inserting after subclause (V) the following new subclauses:

(VI)

for 2021, is equal to the amount that would have been applied under this subparagraph for 2020 if such amount had been determined in accordance with subclause (IV) instead of subclause (V), increased by the lesser of—

(aa)

the annual percentage increase described in paragraph (7) for 2021, plus 2 percentage points; or

(bb)

the annual percentage increase described in paragraph (6) for 2021;

(VII)

for 2022, is equal to the amount that would have been applied under this subparagraph for 2022 if the amendments made by section 1101(d)(1) of the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010 and by section 134 of the Lower Costs, More Cures Act of 2021 had not been enacted; or

.

II

Medicaid

201.

Medicaid pharmacy and therapeutics committee improvements

(a)

In general

Subparagraph (A) of section 1927(d)(4) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1396r–8(d)(4)) is amended to read as follows:

(A)
(i)

The formulary is developed and reviewed by a pharmacy and therapeutics committee consisting of physicians, pharmacists, and other appropriate individuals appointed by the Governor of the State.

(ii)

Subject to clause (vi), the State establishes and implements a conflict of interest policy for the pharmacy and therapeutics committee that—

(I)

is publicly accessible;

(II)

requires all committee members to complete, on at least an annual basis, a disclosure of relationships, associations, and financial dealings that may affect their independence of judgement in committee matters; and

(III)

contains clear processes, such as recusal from voting or discussion, for those members who report a conflict of interest, along with appropriate processes to address any instance where a member fails to report a conflict of interest.

(iii)

The membership of the pharmacy and therapeutics committee—

(I)

includes at least 1 actively practicing physician and at least 1 actively practicing pharmacist, each of whom—

(aa)

is independent and free of conflict with respect to manufacturers and Medicaid participating plans or subcontractors, including pharmacy benefit managers; and

(bb)

has expertise in the care of 1 or more Medicaid-specific populations such as elderly or disabled individuals, children with complex medical needs, or low-income individuals with chronic illnesses; and

(II)

is made publicly available.

(iv)

At the option of the State, the State’s drug use review board established under subsection (g)(3) may serve as the pharmacy and therapeutics committee provided the State ensures that such board meets the requirements of clauses (ii) and (iii).

(v)

The State reviews and has final approval of the formulary established by the pharmacy and therapeutics committee.

(vi)

If the Secretary determines it appropriate or necessary based on the findings and recommendations of the Comptroller General of the United States in the report submitted to Congress under section 203 of the Lower Costs, More Cures Act of 2021, the Secretary shall issue guidance that States must follow for establishing conflict of interest policies for the pharmacy and therapeutics committee in accordance with the requirements of clause (ii), including appropriate standards and requirements for identifying, addressing, and reporting on conflicts of interest.

.

(b)

Application to Medicaid managed care organizations

Clause (xiii) of section 1903(m)(2)(A) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1396b(m)(2)(A)) is amended—

(1)

by striking and (III) and inserting (III);

(2)

by striking the period at the end and inserting , and (IV) any formulary used by the entity for covered outpatient drugs dispensed to individuals eligible for medical assistance who are enrolled with the entity is developed and reviewed by a pharmacy and therapeutics committee that meets the requirements of clauses (ii) and (iii) of section 1927(d)(4)(A).; and

(3)

by moving the left margin 2 ems to the left.

(c)

Effective date

The amendments made by this section shall take effect on the date that is 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act.

202.

GAO report on conflicts of interest in State Medicaid program drug use review boards and pharmacy and therapeutics (P&T) committees

(a)

Investigation

The Comptroller General of the United States shall conduct an investigation of potential or existing conflicts of interest among members of State Medicaid program State drug use review boards (in this section referred to as DUR Boards) and pharmacy and therapeutics committees (in this section referred to as P&T Committees).

(b)

Report

Not later than 24 months after the date of enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General shall submit to Congress a report on the investigation conducted under subsection (a) that includes the following:

(1)

A description outlining how DUR Boards and P&T Committees operate in States, including details with respect to—

(A)

the structure and operation of DUR Boards and statewide P&T Committees;

(B)

States that operate separate P&T Committees for their fee-for-service Medicaid program and their Medicaid managed care organizations or other Medicaid managed care arrangements (collectively referred to in this section as Medicaid MCOs); and

(C)

States that allow Medicaid MCOs to have their own P&T Committees and the extent to which pharmacy benefit managers administer or participate in such P&T Committees.

(2)

A description outlining the differences between DUR Boards established in accordance with section 1927(g)(3) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1396r(g)(3)) and P&T Committees.

(3)

A description outlining the tools P&T Committees may use to determine Medicaid drug coverage and utilization management policies.

(4)

An analysis of whether and how States or P&T Committees establish participation and independence requirements for DUR Boards and P&T Committees, including with respect to entities with connections with drug manufacturers, State Medicaid programs, managed care organizations, and other entities or individuals in the pharmaceutical industry.

(5)

A description outlining how States, DUR Boards, or P&T Committees define conflicts of interest.

(6)

A description of how DUR Boards and P&T Committees address conflicts of interest, including who is responsible for implementing such policies.

(7)

A description of the tools, if any, States use to ensure that there are no conflicts of interest on DUR Boards and P&T Committees.

(8)

An analysis of the effectiveness of tools States use to ensure that there are no conflicts of interest on DUR Boards and P&T Committees and, if applicable, recommendations as to how such tools could be improved.

(9)

A review of strategies States may use to guard against conflicts of interest on DUR Boards and P&T Committees and to ensure compliance with the requirements of titles XI and XIX of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1301 et seq., 1396 et seq.) and access to effective, clinically appropriate, and medically necessary drug treatments for Medicaid beneficiaries, including recommendations for such legislative and administrative actions as the Comptroller General determines appropriate.

203.

Ensuring the accuracy of manufacturer price and drug product information under the Medicaid drug rebate program

(a)

Audit of manufacturer price and drug product information

(1)

In general

Subparagraph (B) of section 1927(b)(3) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1396r–8(b)(3)) is amended to read as follows:

(B)

Audits and surveys of manufacturer price and drug product information

(i)

Audits

The Secretary shall conduct ongoing audits of the price and drug product information reported by manufacturers under subparagraph (A) for the most recently ended rebate period to ensure the accuracy and timeliness of such information. In conducting such audits, the Secretary may employ evaluations, surveys, statistical sampling, predictive analytics and other relevant tools and methods.

(ii)

Verifications surveys of average manufacturer price and manufacturer’s average sales price

In addition to the audits required under clause (i), the Secretary may survey wholesalers and manufacturers (including manufacturers that directly distribute their covered outpatient drugs (in this subparagraph referred to as direct sellers)), when necessary, to verify manufacturer prices and manufacturer’s average sales prices (including wholesale acquisition cost) to make payment reported under subparagraph (A).

(iii)

Penalties

In addition to other penalties as may be prescribed by law, including under subparagraph (C) of this paragraph, the Secretary may impose a civil monetary penalty in an amount not to exceed $185,000 on an annual basis on a wholesaler, manufacturer, or direct seller, if the wholesaler, manufacturer, or direct seller of a covered outpatient drug refuses a request for information about charges or prices by the Secretary in connection with an audit or survey under this subparagraph or knowingly provides false information. The provisions of section 1128A (other than subsections (a) (with respect to amounts of penalties or additional assessments) and (b)) shall apply to a civil money penalty under this clause in the same manner as such provisions apply to a penalty or proceeding under section 1128A(a).

(iv)

Reports

(I)

Report to Congress

The Secretary shall, not later than 18 months after date of enactment of this subparagraph, submit a report to the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Finance of the Senate regarding additional regulatory or statutory changes that may be required in order to ensure accurate and timely reporting and oversight of manufacturer price and drug product information, including whether changes should be made to reasonable assumption requirements to ensure such assumptions are reasonable and accurate or whether another methodology for ensuring accurate and timely reporting of price and drug product information should be considered to ensure the integrity of the drug rebate program under this section.

(II)

Annual reports

The Secretary shall, on at least an annual basis, submit a report to the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Finance of the Senate summarizing the results of the audits and surveys conducted under this subparagraph during the period that is the subject of the report.

(III)

Content

Each report submitted under subclause (II) shall, with respect to the period that is the subject of the report, include summaries of—

(aa)

error rates in the price, drug product, and other relevant information supplied by manufacturers under subparagraph (A);

(bb)

the timeliness with which manufacturers, wholesalers, and direct sellers provide information required under subparagraph (A) or under clause (i) or (ii) of this subparagraph;

(cc)

the number of manufacturers, wholesalers, and direct sellers and drug products audited under this subparagraph;

(dd)

the types of price and drug product information reviewed under the audits conducted under this subparagraph;

(ee)

the tools and methodologies employed in such audits;

(ff)

the findings of such audits, including which manufacturers, if any, were penalized under this subparagraph; and

(gg)

such other relevant information as the Secretary shall deem appropriate.

(IV)

Protection of information

In preparing a report required under subclause (II), the Secretary shall redact such proprietary information as the Secretary determines appropriate to prevent disclosure of, and to safeguard, such information.

(v)

Appropriations

Out of any funds in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, there is appropriated to the Secretary $2,000,000 for fiscal year 2022 and each fiscal year thereafter to carry out this subparagraph.

.

(2)

Effective date

The amendments made by this subsection shall take effect on the first day of the first fiscal quarter that begins after the date of enactment of this Act.

(b)

Increased penalties for noncompliance with reporting requirements

(1)

Increased penalty for late reporting of information

Section 1927(b)(3)(C)(i) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1396r–8(b)(3)(C)(i)) is amended by striking increased by $10,000 for each day in which such information has not been provided and such amount shall be paid to the Treasury and inserting , for each covered outpatient drug with respect to which such information is not provided, $50,000 for the first day that such information is not provided on a timely basis and $19,000 for each subsequent day that such information is not provided.

(2)

Increased penalty for knowingly reporting false information

Section 1927(b)(3)(C)(ii) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1396r–8(b)(3)(C)(ii)) is amended by striking $100,000 and inserting $500,000.

(3)

Effective date

The amendments made by this subsection shall take effect on the first day of the first fiscal quarter that begins after the date of enactment of this Act.

204.

Improving transparency and preventing the use of abusive spread pricing and related practices in Medicaid

(a)

Pass-Through pricing required

(1)

In general

Section 1927(e) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1396r–8(e)) is amended by adding at the end the following:

(6)

Pass-through pricing required

A contract between the State and a pharmacy benefit manager (referred to in this paragraph as a PBM), or a contract between the State and a managed care entity or other specified entity (as such terms are defined in section 1903(m)(9)(D)) that includes provisions making the entity responsible for coverage of covered outpatient drugs dispensed to individuals enrolled with the entity, shall require that payment for such drugs and related administrative services (as applicable), including payments made by a PBM on behalf of the State or entity, is based on a pass-through pricing model under which—

(A)

any payment made by the entity of the PBM (as applicable) for such a drug—

(i)

is limited to—

(I)

ingredient cost; and

(II)

a professional dispensing fee that is not less than the professional dispensing fee that the State plan or waiver would pay if the plan or waiver was making the payment directly;

(ii)

is passed through in its entirety by the entity or PBM to the pharmacy that dispenses the drug; and

(iii)

is made in a manner that is consistent with section 1902(a)(30)(A) and sections 447.512, 447.514, and 447.518 of title 42, Code of Federal Regulations (or any successor regulation), as if such requirements applied directly to the entity or the PBM;

(B)

payment to the entity or the PBM (as applicable) for administrative services performed by the entity or PBM is limited to a reasonable administrative fee that covers the reasonable cost of providing such services;

(C)

the entity or the PBM (as applicable) shall make available to the State, and the Secretary upon request, all costs and payments related to covered outpatient drugs and accompanying administrative services incurred, received, or made by the entity or the PBM, including ingredient costs, professional dispensing fees, administrative fees, post-sale and post-in-voice fees. Discounts, or related adjustments such as direct and indirect remuneration fees, and any and all remuneration; and

(D)

any form of spread pricing whereby any amount charged or claimed by the entity or the PBM (as applicable) is in excess of the amount paid to the pharmacies on behalf of the entity, including any post-sale or post-invoice fees, discounts, or related adjustments such as direct and indirect remuneration fees or assessments (after allowing for a reasonable administrative fee as described in subparagraph (B)) is not allowable for purposes of claiming Federal matching payments under this title.

.

(2)

Conforming amendment

Clause (xiii) of section 1903(m)(2)(A) of such Act (42 U.S.C. 1396b(m)(2)(A)), as amended by section 202, is further amended—

(A)

by striking and (IV) and inserting (IV); and

(B)

by inserting before the period at the end the following: , and (V) pharmacy benefit management services provided by the entity, or provided by a pharmacy benefit manager on behalf of the entity under a contract or other arrangement between the entity and the pharmacy benefit manager, shall comply with the requirements of section 1927(e)(6).

(3)

Effective date

The amendments made by this subsection apply to contracts between States and managed care entities, other specified entities, or pharmacy benefits managers that are entered into or renewed on or after the date that is 18 months after the date of enactment of this Act.

(b)

Survey of retail prices

(1)

In general

Section 1927(f) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1396r–8(f)) is amended—

(A)

by striking and after the semicolon at the end of paragraph (1)(A)(i) and all that precedes it through (1) and inserting the following:

(1)

Survey of retail prices

The Secretary shall conduct a survey of retail community drug prices, to include at least the national average drug acquisition cost, as follows:

(A)

Use of vendor

The Secretary may contract services for—

(i)

with respect to retail community pharmacies, the determination on a monthly basis of retail survey prices of the national average drug acquisition cost for covered outpatient drugs for such pharmacies, net of all discounts and rebates (to the extent any information with respect to such discounts and rebates is available), the average reimbursement received for such drugs by such pharmacies from all sources of payment, including third parties, and, to the extent available, the usual and customary charges to consumers for such drugs; and

;

(B)

by adding at the end of paragraph (1) the following:

(F)

Survey reporting

In order to meet the requirement of section 1902(a)(54), a State shall require that any retail community pharmacy in the State that receives any payment, administrative fee, discount, or rebate related to the dispensing of covered outpatient drugs to individuals receiving benefits under this title, regardless of whether such payment, fee, discount, or rebate is received from the State or a managed care entity directly or from a pharmacy benefit manager or another entity that has a contract with the State or a managed care entity, shall respond to surveys of retail prices conducted under this subsection.

(G)

Survey information

Information on retail community prices obtained under this paragraph shall be made publicly available and shall include at least the following:

(i)

The monthly response rate of the survey including a list of pharmacies not in compliance with subparagraph (F).

(ii)

The sampling frame and number of pharmacies sampled monthly.

(iii)

Characteristics of reporting pharmacies, including type (such as independent or chain), geographic or regional location, and dispensing volume.

(iv)

Reporting of a separate national average drug acquisition cost for each drug for independent retail pharmacies and chain operated pharmacies.

(v)

Information on price concessions including on and off invoice discounts, rebates, and other price concessions.

(vi)

Information on average professional dispensing fees paid.

(H)

Penalties

(i)

Failure to provide timely information

A retail community pharmacy that fails to respond to a survey conducted under this subsection on a timely basis may be subject to a civil monetary penalty in the amount of $10,000 for each day in which such information has not been provided.

(ii)

False information

A retail community pharmacy that knowingly provides false information in response to a survey conducted under this subsection may be subject to a civil money penalty in an amount not to exceed $100,000 for each item of false information.

(iii)

Other penalties

Any civil money penalties imposed under this subparagraph shall be in addition to other penalties as may be prescribed by law. The provisions of section 1128A (other than subsections (a) and (b)) shall apply to a civil money penalty under this subparagraph in the same manner as such provisions apply to a penalty or proceedings under section 1128A(a).

(I)

Report on specialty pharmacies

(i)

In general

Not later than 1 year after the effective date of this subparagraph, the Secretary shall submit a report to Congress examining specialty drug coverage and reimbursement under this title.

(ii)

Content of report

Such report shall include a description of how State Medicaid programs define specialty drugs, how much State Medicaid programs pay for specialty drugs, how States and managed care plans determine payment for specialty drugs, the settings in which specialty drugs are dispensed (such as retail community pharmacies or specialty pharmacies), whether acquisition costs for specialty drugs are captured in the national average drug acquisition cost survey, and recommendations as to whether specialty pharmacies should be included in the survey of retail prices to ensure national average drug acquisition costs capture drugs sold at specialty pharmacies and how such specialty pharmacies should be defined.

;

(C)

in paragraph (2)—

(i)

in subparagraph (A), by inserting , including payments rates under Medicaid managed care plans, after under this title; and

(ii)

in subparagraph (B), by inserting and the basis for such dispensing fees before the semicolon; and

(D)

in paragraph (4), by inserting , and $5,000,000 for fiscal year 2022 and each fiscal year thereafter, after 2010.

(2)

Effective date

The amendments made by this subsection take effect on the 1st day of the 1st quarter that begins on or after the date that is 18 months after the date of enactment of this Act.

(c)

Manufacturer reporting of wholesale acquisition cost

Section 1927(b)(3) of such Act (42 U.S.C. 1396r–8(b)(3)), as amended by section 141, is further amended—

(1)

in subparagraph (A)(i)—

(A)

in subclause (I), by striking and after the semicolon;

(B)

in subclause (II), by adding and after the semicolon;

(C)

by moving the left margins of subclauses (I) and (II) 2 ems to the right; and

(D)

by adding at the end the following:

(III)

in the case of rebate periods that begin on or after the date of enactment of this subclause, on the wholesale acquisition cost (as defined in section 1847A(c)(6)(B)) for covered outpatient drugs for the rebate period under the agreement (including for all such drugs that are sold under a new drug application approved under section 505(c) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act);

; and

(2)

in subparagraph (D)—

(A)

in the matter preceding clause (i), by inserting and clause (vii) of this subparagraph after 1847A;

(B)

in clause (vi), by striking and after the comma;

(C)

in clause (vii), by striking the period and inserting , and; and

(D)

by inserting after clause (vii) the following:

(viii)

to the Secretary to disclose (through a website accessible to the public) the most recently reported wholesale acquisition cost (as defined in section 1847A(c)(6)(B)) for each covered outpatient drug (including for all such drugs that are sold under a new drug application approved under section 505(c) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act), as reported under subparagraph (A)(i)(III).

.

205.

T–MSIS drug data analytics reports

(a)

In general

Not later than May 1 of each calendar year beginning with calendar year 2023, the Secretary of Health and Human Services (in this section referred to as the Secretary) shall publish on a website of the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services that is accessible to the public a report of the most recently available data on provider prescribing patterns under the Medicaid program.

(b)

Content of report

(1)

Required content

Each report required under subsection (a) for a calendar year shall include the following information with respect to each State (and, to the extent available, with respect to Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, and American Samoa):

(A)

A comparison of covered outpatient drug (as defined in section 1927(k)(2) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1396r–8(k)(2))) prescribing patterns under the State Medicaid plan or waiver of such plan (including drugs prescribed on a fee-for-service basis and drugs prescribed under managed care arrangements under such plan or waiver)—

(i)

across all forms or models of reimbursement used under the plan or waiver;

(ii)

within specialties and subspecialties, as defined by the Secretary;

(iii)

by episodes of care for—

(I)

each chronic disease category, as defined by the Secretary, that is represented in the 10 conditions that accounted for the greatest share of total spending under the plan or waiver during the year that is the subject of the report;

(II)

procedural groupings; and

(III)

rare disease diagnosis codes;

(iv)

by patient demographic characteristics, including race (to the extent that the Secretary determines that there is sufficient data available with respect to such characteristic in a majority of States), gender, and age;

(v)

by patient high-utilizer or risk status; and

(vi)

by high and low resource settings by facility and place of service categories, as determined by the Secretary.

(B)

In the case of medical assistance for covered outpatient drugs (as so defined) provided under a State Medicaid plan or waiver of such plan in a managed care setting, an analysis of the differences in managed care prescribing patterns when a covered outpatient drug is prescribed in a managed care setting as compared to when the drug is prescribed in a fee-for-service setting.

(2)

Additional content

A report required under subsection (a) for a calendar year may include State-specific information about prescription utilization management tools under State Medicaid plans or waivers of such plans, including—

(A)

a description of prescription utilization management tools under State programs to provide long-term services and supports under a State Medicaid plan or a waiver of such plan;

(B)

a comparison of prescription utilization management tools applicable to populations covered under a State Medicaid plan waiver under section 1115 of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1315) and the models applicable to populations that are not covered under the waiver;

(C)

a comparison of the prescription utilization management tools employed by different Medicaid managed care organizations, pharmacy benefit managers, and related entities within the State;

(D)

a comparison of the prescription utilization management tools applicable to each enrollment category under a State Medicaid plan or waiver; and

(E)

a comparison of the prescription utilization management tools applicable under the State Medicaid plan or waiver by patient high-utilizer or risk status.

(3)

Additional analysis

To the extent practicable, the Secretary shall include in each report published under subsection (a)—

(A)

analyses of national, State, and local patterns of Medicaid population-based prescribing behaviors; and

(B)

recommendations for administrative or legislative action to improve the effectiveness of, and reduce costs for, covered outpatient drugs under Medicaid while ensuring timely beneficiary access to medically necessary covered outpatient drugs.

(c)

Use of T–MSIS data

Each report required under subsection (a) shall—

(1)

be prepared using data and definitions from the Transformed Medicaid Statistical Information System (T–MSIS) data set (or a successor data set) that is not more than 24 months old on the date that the report is published; and

(2)

as appropriate, include a description with respect to each State of the quality and completeness of the data, as well as any necessary caveats describing the limitations of the data reported to the Secretary by the State that are sufficient to communicate the appropriate uses for the information.

(d)

Preparation of report

Each report required under subsection (a) shall be prepared by the Administrator for the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services.

(e)

Appropriation

For fiscal year 2022 and each fiscal year thereafter, there is appropriated to the Secretary $2,000,000 to carry out this section.

206.

Risk-sharing value-based payment agreements for covered outpatient drugs under Medicaid

(a)

In general

Section 1927 of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1396r–8) is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:

(l)

State option To pay for covered outpatient drugs through risk-Sharing value-Based agreements

(1)

In general

Beginning January 1, 2022, a State shall have the option to pay (whether on a fee-for-service or managed care basis) for covered outpatient drugs that are potentially curative treatments intended for one-time use that are administered to individuals under this title by entering into a risk-sharing value-based payment agreement with the manufacturer of the drug in accordance with the requirements of this subsection.

(2)

Secretarial approval

(A)

In general

A State shall submit a request to the Secretary to enter into a risk-sharing value based payment agreement, and the Secretary shall not approve a proposed risk-sharing value-based payment agreement between a State and a manufacturer for payment for a covered outpatient drug of the manufacturer unless the following requirements are met:

(i)

Manufacturer is party to rebate agreement and in compliance with requirements

The manufacturer has a rebate agreement in effect as required under subsections (a) and (b) of this section and is in compliance with all applicable requirements under this title.

(ii)

No increase to projected net Federal spending

(I)

In general

The Chief Actuary certifies that the projected payments for each covered outpatient drug under such proposed agreement would not result in greater estimated Federal spending under this title than the net Federal spending that would result in the absence of the agreement.

(II)

Net federal spending defined

For purposes of this subsection, the term net Federal spending means the amount of Federal payments the Chief Actuary estimates would be made under this title for administering a covered outpatient drug to an individual eligible for medical assistance under a State plan or a waiver of such plan, reduced by the amount of all rebates the Chief Actuary estimates would be paid with respect to the administering of such drug, including all rebates under this title and any supplemental or other additional rebates, in the absence of such an agreement.

(III)

Information

The Chief Actuary shall make the certifications required under this clause based on the most recently available and reliable drug pricing and product information. The State and manufacturer shall provide the Secretary and the Chief Actuary with all necessary information required to make the estimates needed for such certifications.

(iii)

Launch and list price justifications

The manufacturer submits all relevant information and supporting documentation necessary for pricing decisions as deemed appropriate by the Secretary, which shall be truthful and non-misleading, including manufacturer information and supporting documentation for launch price or list price increases, and any applicable justification required under section 1128L.

(iv)

Confidentiality of information; penalties

The provisions of subparagraphs (C) and (D) of subsection (b)(3) shall apply to a manufacturer that fails to submit the information and documentation required under clauses (ii) and (iii) on a timely basis, or that knowingly provides false or misleading information, in the same manner as such provisions apply to a manufacturer with a rebate agreement under this section.

(B)

Consideration of State request for approval

(i)

In general

The Secretary shall treat a State request for approval of a risk-sharing value-based payment agreement in the same manner that the Secretary treats a State plan amendment, and subpart B of part 430 of title 42, Code of Federal Regulations, including, subject to clause (ii), the timing requirements of section 430.16 of such title (as in effect on the date of enactment of this subsection), shall apply to a request for approval of a risk-sharing value-based payment agreement in the same manner as such subpart applies to a State plan amendment.

(ii)

Timing

The Secretary shall consult with the Commissioner of Food and Drugs as required under subparagraph (C) and make a determination on whether to approve a request from a State for approval of a proposed risk-sharing value-based payment agreement (or request additional information necessary to allow the Secretary to make a determination with respect to such request for approval) within the time period, to the extent practicable, specified in section 430.16 of title 42, Code of Federal Regulations (as in effect on the date of enactment of this subsection), but in no case shall the Secretary take more than 180 days after the receipt of such request for approval or response to such request for additional information to make such a determination (or request additional information).

(C)

Consultation with the Commissioner of Food and Drugs

In considering whether to approve a risk-sharing value-based payment agreement, the Secretary, to the extent necessary, shall consult with the Commissioner of Food and Drugs to determine whether the relevant clinical parameters specified in such agreement are appropriate.

(3)

Installment-based payment structure

(A)

In general

A risk-sharing value-based payment agreement shall provide for a payment structure under which, for every installment year of the agreement (subject to subparagraph (B)), the State shall pay the total installment year amount in equal installments to be paid at regular intervals over a period of time that shall be specified in the agreement.

(B)

Requirements for installment payments

(i)

Timing of first payment

The State shall make the first of the installment payments described in subparagraph (A) for an installment year not later than 30 days after the end of such year.

(ii)

Length of installment period

The period of time over which the State shall make the installment payments described in subparagraph (A) for an installment year shall not be longer than 5 years.

(iii)

Nonpayment or reduced payment of installments following a failure to meet clinical parameter

If, prior to the payment date (as specified in the agreement) of any installment payment described in subparagraph (A) or any other alternative date or time frame (as otherwise specified in the agreement), the covered outpatient drug which is subject to the agreement fails to meet a relevant clinical parameter of the agreement, the agreement shall provide that—

(I)

the installment payment shall not be made; or

(II)

the installment payment shall be reduced by a percentage specified in the agreement that is based on the outcome achieved by the drug relative to the relevant clinical parameter.

(4)

Notice of intent

(A)

In general

Subject to subparagraph (B), a manufacturer of a covered outpatient drug shall not be eligible to enter into a risk-sharing value-based payment agreement under this subsection with respect to such drug unless the manufacturer notifies the Secretary that the manufacturer is interested in entering into such an agreement with respect to such drug. The decision to submit and timing of a request to enter into a proposed risk-sharing value-based payment agreement shall remain solely within the discretion of the State and shall only be effective upon Secretarial approval as required under this subsection.

(B)

Treatment of subsequently approved drugs

(i)

In general

In the case of a manufacturer of a covered outpatient drug approved under section 505 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act or licensed under section 351 of the Public Health Service Act after the date of enactment of this subsection, not more than 90 days after meeting with the Food and Drug Administration following phase II clinical trials for such drug (or, in the case of a drug described in clause (ii), not later than March 31, 2022), the manufacturer must notify the Secretary of the manufacturer's intent to enter into a risk-sharing value-based payment agreement under this subsection with respect to such drug. If no such meeting has occurred, the Secretary may use discretion as to whether a potentially curative treatment intended for one-time use may qualify for a risk-sharing value-based payment agreement under this section. A manufacturer notification of interest shall not have any influence on a decision for approval by the Food and Drug Administration.

(ii)

Application to certain subsequently approved drugs

A drug described in this clause is a covered outpatient drug of a manufacturer—

(I)

that is approved under section 505 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act or licensed under section 351 of the Public Health Service Act after the date of enactment of this subsection; and

(II)

with respect to which, as of January 1, 2022, more than 90 days have passed after the manufacturer’s meeting with the Food and Drug Administration following phase II clinical trials for such drug.

(iii)

Parallel approval

The Secretary, in coordination with the Administrator of the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services and the Commissioner of Food and Drugs, shall, to the extent practicable, approve a State’s request to enter into a proposed risk-sharing value-based payment agreement that otherwise meets the requirements of this subsection at the time that such a drug is approved by the Food and Drug Administration to help provide that no State that wishes to enter into such an agreement is required to pay for the drug in full at one time if the State is seeking to pay over a period of time as outlined in the proposed agreement.

(iv)

Rule of construction

Nothing in this paragraph shall be applied or construed to modify or affect the timeframes or factors involved in the Secretary’s determination of whether to approve or license a drug under section 505 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act or section 351 of the Public Health Service Act.

(5)

Special payment rules

(A)

In general

Except as otherwise provided in this paragraph, with respect to an individual who is administered a unit of a covered outpatient drug that is purchased under a State plan by a State Medicaid agency under a risk-sharing value-based payment agreement in an installment year, the State shall remain liable to the manufacturer of such drug for payment for such unit without regard to whether the individual remains enrolled in the State plan under this title (or a waiver of such plan) for each installment year for which the State is to make installment payments for covered outpatient drugs purchased under the agreement in such year.

(B)

Death

In the case of an individual described in subparagraph (A) who dies during the period described in such subparagraph, the State plan shall not be liable for any remaining payment for the unit of the covered outpatient drug administered to the individual which is owed under the agreement described in such subparagraph.

(C)

Withdrawal of approval

In the case of a covered outpatient drug that is the subject of a risk-sharing value-based agreement between a State and a manufacturer under this subsection, including a drug approved in accordance with section 506(c) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, and such drug is the subject of an application that has been withdrawn by the Secretary, the State plan shall not be liable for any remaining payment that is owed under the agreement.

(D)

Alternative arrangement under agreement

Subject to approval by the Secretary, the terms of a proposed risk-sharing value-based payment agreement submitted for approval by a State may provide that subparagraph (A) shall not apply.

(E)

Guidance

Not later than January 1, 2022, the Secretary shall issue guidance to States establishing a process for States to notify the Secretary when an individual who is administered a unit of a covered outpatient drug that is purchased by a State plan under a risk-sharing value-based payment agreement ceases to be enrolled under the State plan under this title (or a waiver of such plan) or dies before the end of the installment period applicable to such unit under the agreement.

(6)

Treatment of payments under risk-sharing value-based agreements for purposes of average manufacturer price; best price

The Secretary shall treat any payments made to the manufacturer of a covered outpatient drug under a risk-sharing value-based payment agreement under this subsection during a rebate period in the same manner that the Secretary treats payments made under a State supplemental rebate agreement under sections 447.504(c)(19) and 447.505(c)(7) of title 42, Code of Federal Regulations (or any successor regulations), for purposes of determining average manufacturer price and best price under this section with respect to the covered outpatient drug and a rebate period and for purposes of offsets required under subsection (b)(1)(B).

(7)

Assessments and report to Congress

(A)

Assessments

(i)

In general

Not later than 180 days after the end of each assessment period of any risk-sharing value-based payment agreement for a State approved under this subsection, the Secretary shall conduct an evaluation of such agreement which shall include an evaluation by the Chief Actuary to determine whether program spending under the risk-sharing value-based payment agreement aligned with the projections for the agreement made under paragraph (2)(A)(ii), including an assessment of whether actual Federal spending under this title under the agreement was less or more than net Federal spending would have been in the absence of the agreement.

(ii)

Assessment period

For purposes of clause (i)—

(I)

the first assessment period for a risk-sharing value-based payment agreement shall be the period of time over which payments are scheduled to be made under the agreement for the first 10 individuals who are administered covered outpatient drugs under the agreement except that such period shall not exceed the 5-year period after the date on which the Secretary approves the agreement; and

(II)

each subsequent assessment period for a risk-sharing value-based payment agreement shall be the 5-year period following the end of the previous assessment period.

(B)

Results of assessments

(i)

Termination option

If the Secretary determines as a result of the assessment by the Chief Actuary under subparagraph (A) that the actual Federal spending under this title for any covered outpatient drug that was the subject of the State's risk-sharing value-based payment agreement was greater than the net Federal spending that would have resulted in the absence of the agreement, the Secretary may terminate approval of such agreement and shall immediately conduct an assessment under this paragraph of any other ongoing risk-sharing value-based payment agreement to which the same manufacturer is a party.

(ii)

Repayment required

(I)

In general

If the Secretary determines as a result of the assessment by the Chief Actuary under subparagraph (A) that the Federal spending under the risk-sharing value-based agreement for a covered outpatient drug that was subject to such agreement was greater than the net Federal spending that would have resulted in the absence of the agreement, the manufacturer shall repay the difference to the State and Federal governments in a timely manner as determined by the Secretary.

(II)

Termination for failure to pay

The failure of a manufacturer to make repayments required under subclause (I) in a timely manner shall result in immediate termination of all risk-sharing value-based agreements to which the manufacturer is a party.

(III)

Additional penalties

In the case of a manufacturer that fails to make repayments required under subclause (I), the Secretary may treat such manufacturer in the same manner as a manufacturer that fails to pay required rebates under this section, and the Secretary may—

(aa)

suspend or terminate the manufacturer’s rebate agreement under this section; and

(bb)

pursue any other remedy that would be available if the manufacturer had failed to pay required rebates under this section.

(C)

Report to Congress

Not later than 5 years after the first risk-sharing value-based payment agreement is approved under this subsection, the Secretary shall submit to Congress and make available to the public a report that includes—

(i)

an assessment of the impact of risk-sharing value-based payment agreements on access for individuals who are eligible for benefits under a State plan or waiver under this title to medically necessary covered outpatient drugs and related treatments;

(ii)

an analysis of the impact of such agreements on overall State and Federal spending under this title;

(iii)

an assessment of the impact of such agreements on drug prices, including launch price and price increases; and

(iv)

such recommendations to Congress as the Secretary deems appropriate.

(8)

Guidance and regulations

(A)

In general

Not later than January 1, 2022, the Secretary shall issue guidance to States seeking to enter into risk-sharing value-based payment agreements under this subsection that includes a model template for such agreements. The Secretary may issue any additional guidance or promulgate regulations as necessary to implement and enforce the provisions of this subsection.

(B)

Model agreements

(i)

In general

If a State expresses an interest in pursuing a risk-sharing value-based payment agreement under this subsection with a manufacturer for the purchase of a covered outpatient drug, the Secretary may share with such State any risk-sharing value-based agreement between a State and the manufacturer for the purchase of such drug that has been approved under this subsection. While such shared agreement may serve as a template for a State that wishes to propose, the use of a previously approved agreement shall not affect the submission and approval process for approval of a proposed risk-sharing value-based payment agreement under this subsection, including the requirements under paragraph (2)(A).

(ii)

Confidentiality

In the case of a risk-sharing value-based payment agreement that is disclosed to a State by the Secretary under this subparagraph and that is only in effect with respect to a single State, the confidentiality of information provisions described in subsection (b)(3)(D) shall apply to such information.

(C)

OIG consultation

(i)

In general

The Secretary shall consult with the Office of the Inspector General of the Department of Health and Human Services to determine whether there are potential program integrity concerns with agreement approvals or templates and address accordingly.

(ii)

OIG policy updates as necessary

The Inspector General of the Department of Health and Human Services shall review and update, as necessary, any policies or guidelines of the Office of the Inspector General of the Department of Human Services (including policies related to the enforcement of section 1128B) to accommodate the use of risk-sharing value-based payment agreements in accordance with this section.

(9)

Rules of construction

(A)

Modifications

Nothing in this subsection or any regulations promulgated under this subsection shall prohibit a State from requesting a modification from the Secretary to the terms of a risk-sharing value-based payment agreement. A modification that is expected to result in any increase to projected net State or Federal spending under the agreement shall be subject to recertification by the Chief Actuary as described in paragraph (2)(A)(ii) before the modification may be approved.

(B)

Rebate agreements

Nothing in this subsection shall be construed as requiring a State to enter into a risk-sharing value-based payment agreement or as limiting or superseding the ability of a State to enter into a supplemental rebate agreement for a covered outpatient drug.

(C)

FFP for payments under risk-sharing value-based payment agreements

Federal financial participation shall be available under this title for any payment made by a State to a manufacturer for a covered outpatient drug under a risk-sharing value-based payment agreement in accordance with this subsection, except that no Federal financial participation shall be available for any payment made by a State to a manufacturer under such an agreement on and after the effective date of a disapproval of such agreement by the Secretary.

(D)

Continued application of other provisions

Except as expressly provided in this subsection, nothing in this subsection or in any regulations promulgated under this subsection shall affect the application of any other provision of this Act.

(10)

Appropriations

For fiscal year 2022 and each fiscal year thereafter, there are appropriated to the Secretary $5,000,000 for the purpose of carrying out this subsection.

(11)

Definitions

In this subsection:

(A)

Chief Actuary

The term Chief Actuary means the Chief Actuary of the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services.

(B)

Installment year

The term installment year means, with respect to a risk-sharing value-based payment agreement, a 12-month period during which a covered outpatient drug is administered under the agreement.

(C)

Potentially curative treatment intended for one-time use

The term potentially curative treatment intended for one-time use means a treatment that consists of the administration of a covered outpatient drug that—

(i)

is a form of gene therapy for a rare disease, as defined by the Commissioner of Food and Drugs, designated under section 526 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetics Act, and approved under section 505 of such Act or licensed under subsection (a) or (k) of section 351 of the Public Health Service Act to treat a serious or life-threatening disease or condition;

(ii)

if administered in accordance with the labeling of such drug, is expected to result in either—

(I)

the cure of such disease or condition; or

(II)

a reduction in the symptoms of such disease or condition to the extent that such disease or condition is not expected to lead to early mortality; and

(iii)

is expected to achieve a result described in clause (ii), which may be achieved over an extended period of time, after not more than 3 administrations.

(D)

Relevant clinical parameter

The term relevant clinical parameter means, with respect to a covered outpatient drug that is the subject of a risk-sharing value-based payment agreement—

(i)

a clinical endpoint specified in the drug’s labeling or supported by one or more of the compendia described in section 1861(t)(2)(B)(ii)(I) that—

(I)

is able to be measured or evaluated on an annual basis for each year of the agreement on an independent basis by a provider or other entity; and

(II)

is required to be achieved (based on observed metrics in patient populations) under the terms of the agreement; or

(ii)

a surrogate endpoint (as defined in section 507(e)(9) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act), including those developed by patient-focused drug development tools, that—

(I)

is able to be measured or evaluated on an annual basis for each year of the agreement on an independent basis by a provider or other entity; and

(II)

has been qualified by the Food and Drug Administration.

(E)

Risk-sharing value-based payment agreement

The term risk-sharing value-based payment agreement means an agreement between a State plan and a manufacturer—

(i)

for the purchase of a covered outpatient drug of the manufacturer that is a potentially curative treatment intended for one-time use;

(ii)

under which payment for such drug shall be made pursuant to an installment-based payment structure that meets the requirements of paragraph (3);

(iii)

which conditions payment on the achievement of at least 2 relevant clinical parameters (as defined in subparagraph (C));

(iv)

which provides that—

(I)

the State plan will directly reimburse the manufacturer for the drug; or

(II)

a third party will reimburse the manufacture in a manner approved by the Secretary; and

(v)

is approved by the Secretary in accordance with paragraph (2).

(F)

Total installment year amount

The term total installment year amount means, with respect to a risk-sharing value-based payment agreement for the purchase of a covered outpatient drug and an installment year, an amount equal to the product of—

(i)

the unit price of the drug charged under the agreement; and

(ii)

the number of units of such drug administered under the agreement during such installment year.

.

(b)

Conforming amendments

(1)

Section 1903(i)(10)(A) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1396b(i)(10)(A)) is amended by striking or unless section 1927(a)(3) applies and inserting , section 1927(a)(3) applies with respect to such drugs, or such drugs are the subject of a risk-sharing value-based payment agreement under section 1927(l).

(2)

Section 1927(b) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1396r–8(b)) is amended—

(A)

in paragraph (1)(A), by inserting (except for drugs for which payment is made by a State under a risk-sharing value-based payment agreement under subsection (l)) after under the State plan for such period; and

(B)

in paragraph (3)—

(i)

in subparagraph (C)(i), by inserting or subsection (l)(2)(A) after subparagraph (A); and

(ii)

in subparagraph (D), in the matter preceding clause (i), by inserting , under subsection (l)(2)(A), after under this paragraph.

207.

Applying Medicaid drug rebate requirement to drugs provided as part of outpatient hospital services

(a)

In general

Section 1927(k)(3) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1396r–8(k)(3)) is amended to read as follows:

(3)

Limiting definition

(A)

In general

The term covered outpatient drug does not include any drug, biological product, or insulin provided as part of, or as incident to and in the same setting as, any of the following (and for which payment may be made under this title as part of payment for the following and not as direct reimbursement for the drug):

(i)

Inpatient hospital services.

(ii)

Hospice services.

(iii)

Dental services, except that drugs for which the State plan authorizes direct reimbursement to the dispensing dentist are covered outpatient drugs.

(iv)

Physicians’ services.

(v)

Outpatient hospital services.

(vi)

Nursing facility services and services provided by an intermediate care facility for the mentally retarded.

(vii)

Other laboratory and x-ray services.

(viii)

Renal dialysis.

(B)

Other exclusions

Such term also does not include any such drug or product for which a National Drug Code number is not required by the Food and Drug Administration or a drug or biological used for a medical indication which is not a medically accepted indication.

(C)

State option

At the option of a State, such term may include any drug, biological product, or insulin for which the State is the primary payer under this title or a demonstration project concerning this title, and that is provided on an outpatient basis as part of, or as incident to and in the same setting as, described in clause (iv) or (v) of subparagraph (A) and for which payment is made as part of payment for such services.

(D)

No effect on best price

Any drug, biological product, or insulin excluded from the definition of such term as a result of this paragraph shall be treated as a covered outpatient drug for purposes of determining the best price (as defined in subsection (c)(1)(C)) for such drug, biological product, or insulin.

.

(b)

Effective date; implementation guidance

(1)

In general

The amendment made by subsection (a) shall take effect on the date that is 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act.

(2)

Implementation and guidance

Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Health and Human Services shall issue guidance and relevant informational bulletins for States, manufacturers (as defined in section 1927(k)(5) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1396r–8(k)(5))), and other relevant stakeholders, including health care providers, regarding implementation of the amendment made by subsection (a).

III

Food and Drug Administration

A

Pay-for-Delay

301.

Unlawful agreements

(a)

Agreements prohibited

Subject to subsections (b) and (c), it shall be unlawful for an NDA or BLA holder and a subsequent filer (or for two subsequent filers) to enter into, or carry out, an agreement resolving or settling a covered patent infringement claim on a final or interim basis if under such agreement—

(1)

a subsequent filer directly or indirectly receives from such holder (or in the case of such an agreement between two subsequent filers, the other subsequent filer) anything of value, including a license; and

(2)

the subsequent filer agrees to limit or forego research on, or development, manufacturing, marketing, or sales, for any period of time, of the covered product that is the subject of the application described in subparagraph (A) or (B) of subsection (g)(8).

(b)

Exclusion

It shall not be unlawful under subsection (a) if a party to an agreement described in such subsection demonstrates by clear and convincing evidence that the value described in subsection (a)(1) is compensation solely for other goods or services that the subsequent filer has promised to provide.

(c)

Limitation

Nothing in this section shall prohibit an agreement resolving or settling a covered patent infringement claim in which the consideration granted by the NDA or BLA holder to the subsequent filer (or from one subsequent filer to another) as part of the resolution or settlement includes only one or more of the following:

(1)

The right to market the covered product that is the subject of the application described in subparagraph (A) or (B) of subsection (g)(8) in the United States before the expiration of—

(A)

any patent that is the basis of the covered patent infringement claim; or

(B)

any patent right or other statutory exclusivity that would prevent the marketing of such covered product.

(2)

A payment for reasonable litigation expenses not to exceed $7,500,000 in the aggregate.

(3)

A covenant not to sue on any claim that such covered product infringes a patent.

(d)

Enforcement by Federal Trade Commission

(1)

General application

The requirements of this section apply, according to their terms, to an NDA or BLA holder or subsequent filer that is—

(A)

a person, partnership, or corporation over which the Commission has authority pursuant to section 5(a)(2) of the Federal Trade Commission Act (15 U.S.C. 45(a)(2)); or

(B)

a person, partnership, or corporation over which the Commission would have authority pursuant to such section but for the fact that such person, partnership, or corporation is not organized to carry on business for its own profit or that of its members.

(2)

Unfair or deceptive acts or practices enforcement authority

(A)

In general

A violation of this section shall be treated as an unfair or deceptive act or practice in violation of section 5(a)(1) of the Federal Trade Commission Act (15 U.S.C. 45(a)(1)).

(B)

Powers of Commission

Except as provided in subparagraph (C) and paragraphs (1)(B) and (3)—

(i)

the Commission shall enforce this section in the same manner, by the same means, and with the same jurisdiction, powers, and duties as though all applicable terms and provisions of the Federal Trade Commission Act (15 U.S.C. 41 et seq.) were incorporated into and made a part of this section; and

(ii)

any NDA or BLA holder or subsequent filer that violates this section shall be subject to the penalties and entitled to the privileges and immunities provided in the Federal Trade Commission Act.

(C)

Judicial review

In the case of a cease and desist order issued by the Commission under section 5 of the Federal Trade Commission Act (15 U.S.C. 45) for violation of this section, a party to such order may obtain judicial review of such order as provided in such section 5, except that—

(i)

such review may only be obtained in—

(I)

the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit;

(II)

the United States Court of Appeals for the circuit in which the ultimate parent entity, as defined in section 801.1(a)(3) of title 16, Code of Federal Regulations, or any successor thereto, of the NDA or BLA holder (if any such holder is a party to such order) is incorporated as of the date that the application described in subparagraph (A) or (B) of subsection (g)(8) or an approved application that is deemed to be a license for a biological product under section 351(k) of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 262(k)) pursuant to section 7002(e)(4) of the Biologics Price Competition and Innovation Act of 2009 (Public Law 111–148; 124 Stat. 817) is submitted to the Commissioner of Food and Drugs; or

(III)

the United States Court of Appeals for the circuit in which the ultimate parent entity, as so defined, of any subsequent filer that is a party to such order is incorporated as of the date that the application described in subparagraph (A) or (B) of subsection (g)(8) is submitted to the Commissioner of Food and Drugs; and

(ii)

the petition for review shall be filed in the court not later than 30 days after such order is served on the party seeking review.

(3)

Additional enforcement authority

(A)

Civil penalty

The Commission may commence a civil action to recover a civil penalty in a district court of the United States against any NDA or BLA holder or subsequent filer that violates this section.

(B)

Special rule for recovery of penalty if cease and desist order issued

(i)

In general

If the Commission has issued a cease and desist order in a proceeding under section 5 of the Federal Trade Commission Act (15 U.S.C. 45) for violation of this section—

(I)

the Commission may commence a civil action under subparagraph (A) to recover a civil penalty against any party to such order at any time before the expiration of the 1-year period beginning on the date on which such order becomes final under section 5(g) of such Act (15 U.S.C. 45(g)); and

(II)

in such civil action, the findings of the Commission as to the material facts in such proceeding shall be conclusive, unless—

(aa)

the terms of such order expressly provide that the Commission’s findings shall not be conclusive; or

(bb)

such order became final by reason of section 5(g)(1) of such Act (15 U.S.C. 45(g)(1)), in which case such findings shall be conclusive if supported by evidence.

(ii)

Relationship to penalty for violation of an order

The penalty provided in clause (i) for violation of this section is separate from and in addition to any penalty that may be incurred for violation of an order of the Commission under section 5(l) of the Federal Trade Commission Act (15 U.S.C. 45(l)).

(C)

Amount of penalty

(i)

In general

The amount of a civil penalty imposed in a civil action under subparagraph (A) on a party to an agreement described in subsection (a) shall be sufficient to deter violations of this section, but in no event greater than—

(I)

if such party is the NDA or BLA holder (or, in the case of an agreement between two subsequent filers, the subsequent filer who gave the value described in subsection (a)(1)), the greater of—

(aa)

3 times the value received by such NDA or BLA holder (or by such subsequent filer) that is reasonably attributable to the violation of this section; or

(bb)

3 times the value given to the subsequent filer (or to the other subsequent filer) reasonably attributable to the violation of this section; and

(II)

if such party is the subsequent filer (or, in the case of an agreement between two subsequent filers, the subsequent filer who received the value described in subsection (a)(1)), 3 times the value received by such subsequent filer that is reasonably attributable to the violation of this section.

(ii)

Factors for consideration

In determining such amount, the court shall take into account—

(I)

the nature, circumstances, extent, and gravity of the violation;

(II)

with respect to the violator, the degree of culpability, any history of violations, the ability to pay, any effect on the ability to continue doing business, profits earned by the NDA or BLA holder (or, in the case of an agreement between two subsequent filers, the subsequent filer who gave the value described in subsection (a)(1)), compensation received by the subsequent filer (or, in the case of an agreement between two subsequent filers, the subsequent filer who received the value described in subsection (a)(1)), and the amount of commerce affected; and

(III)

other matters that justice requires.

(D)

Injunctions and other equitable relief

In a civil action under subparagraph (A), the United States district courts are empowered to grant mandatory injunctions and such other and further equitable relief as they deem appropriate.

(4)

Remedies in addition

Remedies provided in this subsection are in addition to, and not in lieu of, any other remedy provided by Federal law.

(5)

Preservation of authority of Commission

Nothing in this section shall be construed to affect any authority of the Commission under any other provision of law.

(e)

Federal Trade Commission rulemaking

The Commission may, in its discretion, by rule promulgated under section 553 of title 5, United States Code, exempt from this section certain agreements described in subsection (a) if the Commission finds such agreements to be in furtherance of market competition and for the benefit of consumers.

(f)

Antitrust laws

Nothing in this section shall modify, impair, limit, or supersede the applicability of the antitrust laws as defined in subsection (a) of the first section of the Clayton Act (15 U.S.C. 12(a)), and of section 5 of the Federal Trade Commission Act (15 U.S.C. 45) to the extent that such section 5 applies to unfair methods of competition. Nothing in this section shall modify, impair, limit, or supersede the right of a subsequent filer to assert claims or counterclaims against any person, under the antitrust laws or other laws relating to unfair competition.

(g)

Definitions

In this section:

(1)

Agreement resolving or settling a covered patent infringement claim

The term agreement resolving or settling a covered patent infringement claim means any agreement that—

(A)

resolves or settles a covered patent infringement claim; or

(B)

is contingent upon, provides for a contingent condition for, or is otherwise related to the resolution or settlement of a covered patent infringement claim.

(2)

Commission

The term Commission means the Federal Trade Commission.

(3)

Covered patent infringement claim

The term covered patent infringement claim means an allegation made by the NDA or BLA holder to a subsequent filer (or, in the case of an agreement between two subsequent filers, by one subsequent filer to another), whether or not included in a complaint filed with a court of law, that—

(A)

the submission of the application described in subparagraph (A) or (B) of paragraph (9), or the manufacture, use, offering for sale, sale, or importation into the United States of a covered product that is the subject of such an application—

(i)

in the case of an agreement between an NDA or BLA holder and a subsequent filer, infringes any patent owned by, or exclusively licensed to, the NDA or BLA holder of the covered product; or

(ii)

in the case of an agreement between two subsequent filers, infringes any patent owned by the subsequent filer; or

(B)

in the case of an agreement between an NDA or BLA holder and a subsequent filer, the covered product to be manufactured under such application uses a covered product as claimed in a published patent application.

(4)

Covered product

The term covered product means a drug (as defined in section 201(g) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 321(g))), including a biological product (as defined in section 351(i) of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 262(i))).

(5)

NDA or BLA holder

The term NDA or BLA holder means—

(A)

the holder of—

(i)

an approved new drug application filed under section 505(b)(1) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 355(b)(1)) for a covered product; or

(ii)

a biologics license application filed under section 351(a) of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 262(a)) with respect to a biological product;

(B)

a person owning or controlling enforcement of the patent on—

(i)

the list published under section 505(j)(7) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 355(j)(7)) in connection with the application described in subparagraph (A)(i); or

(ii)

any list published under section 351 of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 262) comprised of patents associated with biologics license applications filed under section 351(a) of such Act (42 U.S.C. 262(a)); or

(C)

the predecessors, subsidiaries, divisions, groups, and affiliates controlled by, controlling, or under common control with any entity described in subparagraph (A) or (B) (such control to be presumed by direct or indirect share ownership of 50 percent or greater), as well as the licensees, licensors, successors, and assigns of each of the entities.

(6)

Patent

The term patent means a patent issued by the United States Patent and Trademark Office.

(7)

Statutory exclusivity

The term statutory exclusivity means those prohibitions on the submission or approval of drug applications under clauses (ii) through (iv) of section 505(c)(3)(E) (5- and 3-year exclusivity), clauses (ii) through (iv) of section 505(j)(5)(F) (5-year and 3-year exclusivity), section 505(j)(5)(B)(iv) (180-day exclusivity), section 527 (orphan drug exclusivity), section 505A (pediatric exclusivity), or section 505E (qualified infectious disease product exclusivity) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 355(c)(3)(E), 355(j)(5)(B)(iv), 355(j)(5)(F), 360cc, 355a, 355f), or prohibitions on the submission or licensing of biologics license applications under section 351(k)(6) (interchangeable biological product exclusivity) or section 351(k)(7) (biological product reference product exclusivity) of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 262(k)(6), (7)).

(8)

Subsequent filer

The term subsequent filer means—

(A)

in the case of a drug, a party that owns or controls an abbreviated new drug application submitted pursuant to section 505(j) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 355(j)) or a new drug application submitted pursuant to section 505(b)(2) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 355(b)(2)) and filed under section 505(b)(1) of such Act (21 U.S.C. 355(b)(1)) or has the exclusive rights to distribute the covered product that is the subject of such application; or

(B)

in the case of a biological product, a party that owns or controls an application filed with the Food and Drug Administration under section 351(k) of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 262(k)) or has the exclusive rights to distribute the biological product that is the subject of such application.

(h)

Effective date

This section applies with respect to agreements described in subsection (a) entered into on or after the date of the enactment of this Act.

302.

Notice and certification of agreements

(a)

Notice of all agreements

Section 1111(7) of the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act of 2003 (21 U.S.C. 355 note) is amended by inserting or the owner of a patent for which a claim of infringement could reasonably be asserted against any person for making, using, offering to sell, selling, or importing into the United States a biological product that is the subject of a biosimilar biological product application before the period at the end.

(b)

Certification of agreements

Section 1112 of such Act (21 U.S.C. 355 note) is amended by adding at the end the following:

(d)

Certification

The Chief Executive Officer or the company official responsible for negotiating any agreement under subsection (a) or (b) that is required to be filed under subsection (c) shall, within 30 days of such filing, execute and file with the Assistant Attorney General and the Commission a certification as follows:I declare that the following is true, correct, and complete to the best of my knowledge: The materials filed with the Federal Trade Commission and the Department of Justice under section 1112 of the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act of 2003, with respect to the agreement referenced in this certification—

(1)

represent the complete, final, and exclusive agreement between the parties;

(2)

include any ancillary agreements that are contingent upon, provide a contingent condition for, were entered into within 30 days of, or are otherwise related to, the referenced agreement; and

(3)

include written descriptions of any oral agreements, representations, commitments, or promises between the parties that are responsive to subsection (a) or (b) of such section 1112 and have not been reduced to writing.

.

303.

Forfeiture of 180-day exclusivity period

Section 505(j)(5)(D)(i)(V) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 355(j)(5)(D)(i)(V)) is amended by inserting section 301 of the Lower Costs, More Cures Act of 2021 or after that the agreement has violated.

304.

Commission litigation authority

Section 16(a)(2) of the Federal Trade Commission Act (15 U.S.C. 56(a)(2)) is amended—

(1)

in subparagraph (D), by striking or after the semicolon;

(2)

in subparagraph (E), by moving the margin 2 ems to the left and inserting or after the semicolon; and

(3)

by inserting after subparagraph (E) the following:

(F)

under section 301(d)(3)(A) of the Lower Costs, More Cures Act of 2021;

.

305.

Statute of limitations

(a)

In general

Except as provided in subsection (b), the Commission shall commence any administrative proceeding or civil action to enforce section 301 of this Act not later than 6 years after the date on which the parties to the agreement file the Notice of Agreement as provided by section 1112(c)(2) and (d) of the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act of 2003 (21 U.S.C. 355 note).

(b)

Civil action after issuance of cease and desist order

If the Commission has issued a cease and desist order under section 5 of the Federal Trade Commission Act (15 U.S.C. 45) for violation of section 301 of this Act and the proceeding for the issuance of such order was commenced within the period required by subsection (a) of this section, such subsection does not prohibit the commencement, after such period, of a civil action under section 301(d)(3)(A) against a party to such order or a civil action under subsection (l) of such section 5 for violation of such order.

B

Advancing Education on Biosimilars

321.

Education on biological products

(a)

Website; continuing education

Subpart 1 of part F of title III of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 262 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following:

352A.

Education on biological products

(a)

Internet website

(1)

In general

The Secretary shall maintain and operate an internet website to provide educational materials for health care providers, patients, and caregivers, regarding the meaning of the terms, and the standards for review and licensing of, biological products, including biosimilar biological products and interchangeable biosimilar biological products.

(2)

Content

Educational materials provided under paragraph (1) may include—

(A)

explanations of key statutory and regulatory terms, including biosimilar and interchangeable, and clarification regarding the use of interchangeable biosimilar biological products;

(B)

information related to development programs for biological products, including biosimilar biological products and interchangeable biosimilar biological products and relevant clinical considerations for prescribers, which may include, as appropriate and applicable, information related to the comparability of such biological products;

(C)

an explanation of the process for reporting adverse events for biological products, including biosimilar biological products and interchangeable biosimilar biological products; and

(D)

an explanation of the relationship between biosimilar biological products and interchangeable biosimilar biological products licensed under section 351(k) and reference products (as defined in section 351(i)), including the standards for review and licensing of each such type of biological product.

(3)

Format

The educational materials provided under paragraph (1) may be—

(A)

in formats such as webinars, continuing medical education modules, videos, fact sheets, infographics, stakeholder toolkits, or other formats as appropriate and applicable; and

(B)

tailored for the unique needs of health care providers, patients, caregivers, and other audiences, as the Secretary determines appropriate.

(4)

Other information

In addition to the information described in paragraph (2), the Secretary shall continue to publish the following information:

(A)

The action package of each biological product licensed under subsection (a) or (k).

(B)

The summary review of each biological product licensed under subsection (a) or (k).

(5)

Confidential and trade secret information

This subsection does not authorize the disclosure of any trade secret, confidential commercial or financial information, or other matter described in section 552(b) of title 5.

(b)

Continuing education

The Secretary shall advance education and awareness among health care providers regarding biological products, including biosimilar biological products and interchangeable biosimilar biological products, as appropriate, including by developing or improving continuing education programs that advance the education of such providers on the prescribing of, and relevant clinical considerations with respect to, biological products, including biosimilar biological products and interchangeable biosimilar biological products.

.

(b)

Application under the Medicare Merit-Based Incentive Payment System

Section 1848(q)(5)(C) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395w–4(q)(5)(C)) is amended by adding at the end the following new clause:

(iv)

Clinical medical education program on biosimilar biological products

Completion of a clinical medical education program developed or improved under section 352A(b) of the Public Health Service Act by a MIPS eligible professional during a performance period shall earn such eligible professional one-half of the highest potential score for the performance category described in paragraph (2)(A)(iii) for such performance period. A MIPS eligible professional may only count the completion of such a program for purposes of such category one time during the eligible professional’s lifetime.

.

C

Other Provisions

331.

Clarifying the meaning of new chemical entity

Chapter V of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act is amended—

(1)

in section 505 (21 U.S.C. 355)—

(A)

in subsection (c)(3)(E)—

(i)

in clause (ii), by striking active ingredient (including any ester or salt of the active ingredient) and inserting active moiety (as defined by the Secretary in section 314.3 of title 21, Code of Federal Regulations (or any successor regulations)); and

(ii)

in clause (iii), by striking active ingredient (including any ester or salt of the active ingredient) and inserting active moiety (as defined by the Secretary in section 314.3 of title 21, Code of Federal Regulations (or any successor regulations));

(B)

in subsection (j)(5)(F)—

(i)

in clause (ii), by striking active ingredient (including any ester or salt of the active ingredient) and inserting active moiety (as defined by the Secretary in section 314.3 of title 21, Code of Federal Regulations (or any successor regulations)); and

(ii)

in clause (iii), by striking active ingredient (including any ester or salt of the active ingredient) and inserting active moiety (as defined by the Secretary in section 314.3 of title 21, Code of Federal Regulations (or any successor regulations));

(C)

in subsection (l)(2)(A)(i), by striking active ingredient (including any ester or salt of the active ingredient) and inserting active moiety (as defined by the Secretary in section 314.3 of title 21, Code of Federal Regulations (or any successor regulations));

(D)

in subsection (s), in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking active ingredient (including any ester or salt of the active ingredient) and inserting active moiety (as defined by the Secretary in section 314.3 of title 21, Code of Federal Regulations (or any successor regulations)); and

(E)

in subsection (u)(1), in the matter preceding subparagraph (A)—

(i)

by striking active ingredient (including any ester or salt of the active ingredient) and inserting active moiety (as defined by the Secretary in section 314.3 of title 21, Code of Federal Regulations (or any successor regulations)); and

(ii)

by striking same active ingredient and inserting same active moiety;

(2)

in section 512(c)(2)(F) (21 U.S.C. 360b(c)(2)(F))—

(A)

in clause (i), by striking active ingredient (including any ester or salt of the active ingredient) and inserting active moiety (as defined by the Secretary in section 314.3 of title 21, Code of Federal Regulations (or any successor regulations));

(B)

in clause (ii), by striking active ingredient (including any ester or salt of the active ingredient) and inserting active moiety (as defined by the Secretary in section 314.3 of title 21, Code of Federal Regulations (or any successor regulations)); and

(C)

in clause (v), by striking active ingredient (including any ester or salt of the active ingredient) and inserting active moiety (as defined by the Secretary in section 314.3 of title 21, Code of Federal Regulations (or any successor regulations));

(3)

in section 524(a)(4)(C) (21 U.S.C. 360n(a)(4)(C)), by striking active ingredient (including any ester or salt of the active ingredient) and inserting active moiety (as defined by the Secretary in section 314.3 of title 21, Code of Federal Regulations (or any successor regulations));

(4)

in section 529(a)(4)(A)(ii) (21 U.S.C. 360ff(a)(4)(A)(ii)), by striking active ingredient (including any ester or salt of the active ingredient) and inserting active moiety (as defined by the Secretary in section 314.3 of title 21, Code of Federal Regulations (or any successor regulations)); and

(5)

in section 565A(a)(4)(D) (21 U.S.C. 360bbb–4a(a)(4)(D)), by striking active ingredient (including any ester or salt of the active ingredient) and inserting active moiety (as defined by the Secretary in section 314.3 of title 21, Code of Federal Regulations (or any successor regulations)).

IV

Revenue Provision

401.

Safe harbor for high deductible health plans without deductible for insulin

(a)

In general

Section 223(c)(2)(C) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is amended by inserting or for insulin or any device for the delivery of insulin before the period at the end.

(b)

Effective date

The amendment made by this section shall apply to months beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act.

V

Miscellaneous

501.

Payment for biosimilar biological products during initial period

Section 1847A(c)(4) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395w–3a(c)(4)) is amended—

(1)

in each of subparagraphs (A) and (B), by redesignating clauses (i) and (ii) as subclauses (I) and (II), respectively, and moving such subclauses 2 ems to the right;

(2)

by redesignating subparagraphs (A) and (B) as clauses (i) and (ii) and moving such clauses 2 ems to the right;

(3)

by striking unavailable.—In the case and inserting “unavailable.—

(A)

In general

Subject to subparagraph (B), in the case

; and

(4)

by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:

(B)

Limitation on payment amount for biosimilar biological products during initial period

In the case of a biosimilar biological product furnished on or after July 1, 2023, in lieu of applying subparagraph (A) during the initial period described in such subparagraph with respect to the biosimilar biological product, the amount payable under this section for the biosimilar biological product is the lesser of the following:

(i)

The amount determined under clause (ii) of such subparagraph for the biosimilar biological product.

(ii)

The amount determined under subsection (b)(1)(B) for the reference biological product.

.

502.

GAO study and report on average sales price

(a)

Study

(1)

In general

The Comptroller General of the United States (in this section referred to as the Comptroller General) shall conduct a study on spending for applicable drugs under part B of title XVIII of the Social Security Act.

(2)

Applicable drugs defined

In this section, the term applicable drugs means drugs and biologicals—

(A)

for which reimbursement under such part B is based on the average sales price of the drug or biological; and

(B)

that account for the largest percentage of total spending on drugs and biologicals under such part B (as determined by the Comptroller General, but in no case less than 25 drugs or biologicals).

(3)

Requirements

The study under paragraph (1) shall include an analysis of the following:

(A)

The extent to which each applicable drug is paid for—

(i)

under such part B for Medicare beneficiaries; or

(ii)

by private payers in the commercial market.

(B)

Any change in Medicare spending or Medicare beneficiary cost-sharing that would occur if the average sales price of an applicable drug was based solely on payments by private payers in the commercial market.

(C)

The extent to which drug manufacturers provide rebates, discounts, or other price concessions to private payers in the commercial market for applicable drugs, which the manufacturer includes in its average sales price calculation, for—

(i)

formulary placement;

(ii)

utilization management considerations; or

(iii)

other purposes.

(D)

Barriers to drug manufacturers providing such price concessions for applicable drugs.

(E)

Other areas determined appropriate by the Comptroller General.

(b)

Report

Not later than 2 years after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General shall submit to Congress a report on the study conducted under subsection (a), together with recommendations for such legislation and administrative action as the Secretary determines appropriate.

503.

Requiring prescription drug plans and MA–PD plans to report potential fraud, waste, and abuse to the Secretary of HHS

Section 1860D–4 of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395w–104) is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:

(p)

Reporting potential fraud, waste, and abuse

Beginning January 1, 2022, the PDP sponsor of a prescription drug plan shall report to the Secretary, as specified by the Secretary—

(1)

any substantiated or suspicious activities (as defined by the Secretary) with respect to the program under this part as it relates to fraud, waste, and abuse; and

(2)

any steps made by the PDP sponsor after identifying such activities to take corrective actions.

.

504.

Establishment of pharmacy quality measures under Medicare part D

Section 1860D–4(c) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395w–104(c)) is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

(8)

Application of pharmacy quality measures

(A)

In general

A PDP sponsor that implements incentive payments to a pharmacy or price concessions paid by a pharmacy based on quality measures shall use measures established or approved by the Secretary under subparagraph (B) with respect to payment for covered part D drugs dispensed by such pharmacy.

(B)

Standard pharmacy quality measures

The Secretary shall establish or approve standard quality measures from a consensus and evidence-based organization for payments described in subparagraph (A). Such measures shall focus on patient health outcomes and be based on proven criteria measuring pharmacy performance.

(C)

Effective date

The requirement under subparagraph (A) shall take effect for plan years beginning on or after January 1, 2023, or such earlier date specified by the Secretary if the Secretary determines there are sufficient measures established or approved under subparagraph (B) to meet the requirement under subparagraph (A).

.

505.

Improving coordination between the Food and Drug Administration and the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services

(a)

In general

(1)

Public meeting

(A)

In general

Not later than 12 months after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Health and Human Services (referred to in this section as the Secretary) shall convene a public meeting for the purposes of discussing and providing input on improvements to coordination between the Food and Drug Administration and the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services in preparing for the availability of novel medical products described in subsection (c) on the market in the United States.

(B)

Attendees

The public meeting shall include—

(i)

representatives of relevant Federal agencies, including representatives from each of the medical product centers within the Food and Drug Administration and representatives from the coding, coverage, and payment offices within the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services;

(ii)

stakeholders with expertise in the research and development of novel medical products, including manufacturers of such products;

(iii)

representatives of commercial health insurance payers;

(iv)

stakeholders with expertise in the administration and use of novel medical products, including physicians; and

(v)

stakeholders representing patients and with expertise in the utilization of patient experience data in medical product development.

(C)

Topics

The public meeting shall include a discussion of—

(i)

the status of the drug and medical device development pipeline related to the availability of novel medical products;

(ii)

the anticipated expertise necessary to review the safety and effectiveness of such products at the Food and Drug Administration and current gaps in such expertise, if any;

(iii)

the expertise necessary to make coding, coverage, and payment decisions with respect to such products within the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, and current gaps in such expertise, if any;

(iv)

trends in the differences in the data necessary to determine the safety and effectiveness of a novel medical product and the data necessary to determine whether a novel medical product meets the reasonable and necessary requirements for coverage and payment under title XVIII of the Social Security Act pursuant to section 1862(a)(1)(A) of such Act (42 U.S.C. 1395y(a)(1)(A));

(v)

the availability of information for sponsors of such novel medical products to meet each of those requirements; and

(vi)

the coordination of information related to significant clinical improvement over existing therapies for patients between the Food and Drug Administration and the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services with respect to novel medical products.

(D)

Trade secrets and confidential information

No information discussed as a part of the public meeting under this paragraph shall be construed as authorizing the Secretary to disclose any information that is a trade secret or confidential information subject to section 552(b)(4) of title 5, United States Code.

(2)

Improving transparency of criteria for Medicare coverage

(A)

Draft guidance

Not later than 18 months after the public meeting under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall update the final guidance titled National Coverage Determinations with Data Collection as a Condition of Coverage: Coverage with Evidence Development to address any opportunities to improve the availability and coordination of information as described in clauses (iv) through (vi) of paragraph (1)(C).

(B)

Final guidance

Not later than 12 months after issuing draft guidance under subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall finalize the updated guidance to address any such opportunities.

(b)

Report on coding, coverage, and payment processes under medicare for novel medical products

Not later than 12 months after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall publish a report on the internet website of the Department of Health and Human Services regarding processes under the Medicare program under title XVIII of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395 et seq.) with respect to the coding, coverage, and payment of novel medical products described in subsection (c). Such report shall include the following:

(1)

A description of challenges in the coding, coverage, and payment processes under the Medicare program for novel medical products.

(2)

Recommendations to—

(A)

incorporate patient experience data (such as the impact of a disease or condition on the lives of patients and patient treatment preferences) into the coverage and payment processes within the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services;

(B)

decrease the length of time to make national and local coverage determinations under the Medicare program (as those terms are defined in subparagraph (A) and (B), respectively, of section 1862(l)(6) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395y(l)(6)));

(C)

streamline the coverage process under the Medicare program and incorporate input from relevant stakeholders into such coverage determinations; and

(D)

identify potential mechanisms to incorporate novel payment designs similar to those in development in commercial insurance plans and State plans under title XIX of such Act (42 U.S.C. 1396 et seq.) into the Medicare program.

(c)

Novel medical products described

For purposes of this section, a novel medical product described in this subsection is a medical product, including a drug, biological (including gene and cell therapy), or medical device, that has been designated as a breakthrough therapy under section 506(a) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 356(a)), a breakthrough device under section 515B of such Act (21 U.S.C. 360e–3), or a regenerative advanced therapy under section 506(g) of such Act (21 U.S.C. 356(g)).

506.

Patient consultation in Medicare national and local coverage determinations in order to mitigate barriers to inclusion of such perspectives

Section 1862(l) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395y(l)) is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

(7)

Patient consultation in national and local coverage determinations

The Secretary may consult with patients and organizations representing patients in making national and local coverage determinations.

.

507.

MedPAC report on shifting coverage of certain Medicare part B drugs to Medicare part D

(a)

Study

The Medicare Payment Advisory Commission (in this section referred to as the Commission) shall conduct a study on shifting coverage of certain drugs and biologicals for which payment is currently made under part B of title XVIII of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395j et seq.) to part D of such title (42 U.S.C. 1395w–21 et seq.). Such study shall include an analysis of—

(1)

differences in program structures and payment methods for drugs and biologicals covered under such parts B and D, including effects of such a shift on program spending, beneficiary cost-sharing liability, and utilization management techniques for such drugs and biologicals; and

(2)

the feasibility and policy implications of shifting coverage of drugs and biologicals for which payment is currently made under such part B to such part D.

(b)

Report

(1)

In general

Not later than June 30, 2023, the Commission shall submit to Congress a report containing the results of the study conducted under subsection (a).

(2)

Contents

The report under paragraph (1) shall include information, and recommendations as the Commission deems appropriate, regarding—

(A)

formulary design under such part D;

(B)

the ability of the benefit structure under such part D to control total spending on drugs and biologicals for which payment is currently made under such part B;

(C)

changes to the bid process under such part D, if any, that may be necessary to integrate coverage of such drugs and biologicals into such part D;

(D)

any other changes to the program that Congress should consider in determining whether to shift coverage of such drugs and biologicals from such part B to such part D; and

(E)

the feasibility and policy implications of creating a methodology to preserve the healthcare provider’s ability to take title of the drug, including a methodology under which—

(i)

prescription drug plans negotiate reimbursement rates and other arrangements with drug manufacturers on behalf of a wholesaler;

(ii)

wholesalers purchase the drugs from the manufacturers at the negotiated rate and ship them through distributors to physicians to administer to patients;

(iii)

physicians and hospitals purchase the drug from the wholesaler via the distributor;

(iv)

after administering the drug, the physician submits a claim to the MAC for their drug administration fee;

(v)

to be reimbursed for the purchase of the drug from the distributor, the physician furnishes the claim for the drug itself to the wholesaler and the wholesaler would refund the cost of the drug to the physician; and

(vi)

the wholesaler passes this claim to the PDP to receive reimbursement.

508.

Requirement that direct-to-consumer advertisements for prescription drugs and biological products include truthful and non-misleading pricing information

Part A of title XI of the Social Security Act is amended by adding at the end the following new section:

1150C.

Requirement that direct-to-consumer advertisements for prescription drugs and biological products include truthful and non-misleading pricing information

(a)

In general

The Secretary shall require that each direct-to-consumer advertisement for a prescription drug or biological product for which payment is available under title XVIII or XIX includes an appropriate disclosure of truthful and non-misleading pricing information with respect to the drug or product.

(b)

Determination by CMS

The Secretary, acting through the Administrator of the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, shall determine the components of the requirement under subsection (a), such as the forms of advertising, the manner of disclosure, the price point listing, and the price information for disclosure.

.

509.

Chief Pharmaceutical Negotiator at the Office of the United States Trade Representative

(a)

In general

Section 141 of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2171) is amended—

(1)

in subsection (b)(2)—

(A)

by striking and one Chief Innovation and Intellectual Property Negotiator and inserting one Chief Innovation and Intellectual Property Negotiator, and one Chief Pharmaceutical Negotiator;

(B)

by striking or the Chief Innovation and Intellectual Property Negotiator and inserting the Chief Innovation and Intellectual Property Negotiator, or the Chief Pharmaceutical Negotiator; and

(C)

by striking and the Chief Innovation and Intellectual Property Negotiator and inserting the Chief Innovation and Intellectual Property Negotiator, and the Chief Pharmaceutical Negotiator; and

(2)

in subsection (c), by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

(7)

The principal function of the Chief Pharmaceutical Negotiator shall be to conduct trade negotiations and to enforce trade agreements relating to United States pharmaceutical products and services. The Chief Pharmaceutical Negotiator shall be a vigorous advocate on behalf of United States pharmaceutical interests. The Chief Pharmaceutical Negotiator shall perform such other functions as the United States Trade Representative may direct.

.

(b)

Compensation

Section 5314 of title 5, United States Code, is amended by striking Chief Innovation and Intellectual Property Negotiator, Office of the United States Trade Representative. and inserting the following:

  • Chief Innovation and Intellectual Property Negotiator, Office of the United States Trade Representative.
  • Chief Pharmaceutical Negotiator, Office of the United States Trade Representative.

.

(c)

Report required

Not later than the date that is one year after the appointment of the first Chief Pharmaceutical Negotiator pursuant to paragraph (2) of section 141(b) of the Trade Act of 1974, as amended by subsection (a), and annually thereafter, the United States Trade Representative shall submit to the Committee on Finance of the Senate and the Committee on Ways and Means of the House of Representatives a report describing in detail—

(1)

enforcement actions taken by the United States Trade Representative during the one-year period preceding the submission of the report to ensure the protection of United States pharmaceutical products and services; and

(2)

other actions taken by the United States Trade Representative to advance United States pharmaceutical products and services.