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H.R. 1909: Citizenship for Essential Workers Act

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About the bill

Should there be a green card for those who did the work during a period of red alert?


Potentially as many as 5 million undocumented immigrants work in so-called “essential” or “critical” jobs. That’s based on the federal government’s own August 2021 definition of “essential” employment sectors, which includes those you may immediately think of (911 call center employees and EMT’s) to those you may not (grocery store shelf stockers).

Although that 5 million estimate was calculated by the Center for American Progress (CAP), a left-leaning organization whose estimate may lean high, nobody disputes that the “real” number ends with the word million.

And those essential workers have been disproportionately hit with COVID-19, because of their frequent in-person interactions and close proximity to other people under …

Sponsor and status

Joaquin Castro

Sponsor. Representative for Texas's 20th congressional district. Democrat.

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Last Updated: Mar 16, 2021
Length: 45 pages
Mar 16, 2021
117th Congress (2021–2023)

Introduced on Mar 16, 2021

This bill is in the first stage of the legislative process. It was introduced into Congress on March 16, 2021. It will typically be considered by committee next before it is possibly sent on to the House or Senate as a whole.

Other activity may have occurred on another bill with identical or similar provisions.


77 Cosponsors (77 Democrats)

3% chance of being enacted according to Skopos Labs (details)


Mar 16, 2021

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

If this bill has further action, the following steps may occur next:
Passed Committee

Passed House

Passed Senate

Signed by the President

H.R. 1909 is a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number H.R. 1909. This is the one from the 117th Congress.

How to cite this information.

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“H.R. 1909 — 117th Congress: Citizenship for Essential Workers Act.” 2021. August 11, 2022 <>

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