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H.R. 221 (117th): To amend title 5, United States Code, to modify the oath of office taken by individuals in the civil service or uniformed services, and of other purposes.

About the bill

The proposal comes after many House Republicans filed a Supreme Court brief seeking to overturn the presidential election results in Donald Trump’s favor.


You probably know that the president takes an oath of office, occurring at the inauguration every four years. But did you know that members of the House and Senate also take an oath too?

This one isn’t watched by most Americans on television like the presidential oath, so it isn’t nearly as famous, and the wording is a bit different. Provisions about defending the Constitution are present in both, but the congressional oath includes additional clauses about standing “against all enemies, foreign and domestic” and “that I take this obligation freely, without any mental reservation or purpose of evasion.”

In December 2020, 126 Republican …

Sponsor and status

Anna Eshoo

Sponsor. Representative for California's 18th congressional district. Democrat.

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Last Updated: Jan 6, 2021
Length: 2 pages
Jan 6, 2021
117th Congress (2021–2023)
Died in a previous Congress

This bill was introduced on January 6, 2021, in a previous session of Congress, but it did not receive a vote.

Although this bill was not enacted, its provisions could have become law by being included in another bill. It is common for legislative text to be introduced concurrently in multiple bills (called companion bills), re-introduced in subsequent sessions of Congress in new bills, or added to larger bills (sometimes called omnibus bills).



Jan 6, 2021

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

H.R. 221 (117th) was a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number H.R. 221. This is the one from the 117th Congress.

This bill was introduced in the 117th Congress, which met from Jan 3, 2021 to Jan 3, 2023. Legislation not passed by the end of a Congress is cleared from the books.

How to cite this information.

We recommend the following MLA-formatted citation when using the information you see here in academic work:

“H.R. 221 — 117th Congress: To amend title 5, United States Code, to modify the oath of office taken by ….” 2021. September 30, 2023 <>

Where is this information from?

GovTrack automatically collects legislative information from a variety of governmental and non-governmental sources. This page is sourced primarily from, the official portal of the United States Congress. is generally updated one day after events occur, and so legislative activity shown here may be one day behind. Data via the congress project.