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H.R. 221: To amend title 5, United States Code, to modify the oath of office taken by individuals in the civil service or uniformed services, and of other purposes.

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About the bill

The proposal comes after many House Republicans filed a Supreme Court brief seeking to overturn the presidential election results in Donald Trump’s favor.


You probably know that the president takes an oath of office, occurring at the inauguration every four years. But did you know that members of the House and Senate also take an oath too?

This one isn’t watched by most Americans on television like the presidential oath, so it isn’t nearly as famous, and the wording is a bit different. Provisions about defending the Constitution are present in both, but the congressional oath includes additional clauses about standing “against all enemies, foreign and domestic” and “that I take this obligation freely, without any mental reservation or purpose of evasion.”

In December 2020, 126 Republican …

Sponsor and status

Anna Eshoo

Sponsor. Representative for California's 18th congressional district. Democrat.

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Last Updated: Jan 6, 2021
Length: 2 pages
Jan 6, 2021
117th Congress (2021–2023)

Introduced on Jan 6, 2021

This bill is in the first stage of the legislative process. It was introduced into Congress on January 6, 2021. It will typically be considered by committee next before it is possibly sent on to the House or Senate as a whole.

Other activity may have occurred on another bill with identical or similar provisions.

4% chance of being enacted according to Skopos Labs (details)


Jan 6, 2021

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

If this bill has further action, the following steps may occur next:
Passed Committee

Passed House

Passed Senate

Signed by the President

H.R. 221 is a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number H.R. 221. This is the one from the 117th Congress.

How to cite this information.

We recommend the following MLA-formatted citation when using the information you see here in academic work:

“H.R. 221 — 117th Congress: To amend title 5, United States Code, to modify the oath of office taken by ….” 2021. May 23, 2022 <>

Where is this information from?

GovTrack automatically collects legislative information from a variety of governmental and non-governmental sources. This page is sourced primarily from, the official portal of the United States Congress. is generally updated one day after events occur, and so legislative activity shown here may be one day behind. Data via the congress project.