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H.R. 2559: Compressed Gas Cylinder Safety and Oversight Improvements Act of 2021


The text of the bill below is as of Apr 15, 2021 (Introduced).


I

117th CONGRESS

1st Session

H. R. 2559

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

April 15, 2021

introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure

A BILL

To require the Secretary of Transportation to issue regulations relating to the authorization of foreign manufacturers of cylinders, and for other purposes.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Compressed Gas Cylinder Safety and Oversight Improvements Act of 2021.

2.

Definitions

In this Act, the following definitions apply:

(1)

Foreign manufacturer of cylinders; FMOC

The terms foreign manufacturer of cylinders and FMOC mean an entity that manufactures cylinders outside of the United States intended to be represented, marked, certified, or sold as qualified for use in transporting hazardous material in commerce in the United States.

(2)

In good standing

The term in good standing means an FMOC that—

(A)

is has been authorized by the Secretary pursuant to section 107.807 of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations; and

(B)

has demonstrated 3 years of compliance with section 107 of title 49, United States Code, and chapter 51 of title 49, United States Code.

(3)

Cylinder

The term cylinder means any cylinder specified under sections 178.36 through 178.68 of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations.

(4)

Secretary

The term Secretary means the Secretary of Transportation.

3.

Authorization of foreign manufacturer of cylinders

(a)

In General

The Secretary shall issue regulations to provide that an authorization provided to an FMOC pursuant to section 107.807 of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations, or any similar successor regulation, shall be for a period of not longer than 1 year, except as provided for in subsection (b).

(b)

5-Year authorization

The Secretary may approve a 5-year authorization of an FMOC pursuant to such section if the following requirements are met:

(1)

The FMOC attests that none of the cylinders made by such manufacturer are prohibited from entry to the United States under section 307 of the Tariff Act of 1930 (19 U.S.C. 1307).

(2)

The FMOC certifies that—

(A)

the information provided pursuant to section 7 is accurate; and

(B)

the FMOC has a proactive responsibility to inform the Secretary if any such information materially changes.

(3)

The FMOC provides proof of the minimum financial responsibility required under section 4.

(4)

The Secretary determines the FMOC is in good standing.

(c)

Facility inspections

(1)

Penalties

The Secretary may suspend or terminate an authorization of an FMOC described in this Act if such FMOC obstructs or prevents the Secretary from carrying out an inspection under section 107.807(c) of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations.

(2)

Definition of obstructs

For the purposes of this subsection, the term obstructs means taking actions that are known, or reasonably should be known, to prevent, hinder, or impede an inspection.

(d)

Interaction with other statutes, agreements, regulations

Nothing in this section may be construed to prevent the harmonization of cylinder standards otherwise authorized by law or regulation.

(e)

Other cause for suspension or termination

The Secretary may suspend or terminate an authorization of an FMOC described in this Act upon determination that the FMOC knowingly or intentionally misrepresented responses to the Secretary required by law or regulation or the requirements of sections 4 and 7.

4.

Proof of minimum financial responsibility required at time of application

Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall issue such regulations as are necessary to establish minimum levels of financial responsibility required for entities to receive approval pursuant to section 107.807 of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations.

5.

Reevaluation by request for related violations

(a)

In general

Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall issue such regulations as necessary to establish a process for any interested party to request a reevaluation of the authorization of FMOC cylinders under section 107.807 of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations, to review the accuracy and safety of the actions of such manufacturer.

(b)

Petition for reevaluation

Such regulations shall allow an interested party to file a petition if such party has evidence of inaccurate, changed, or fraudulent attestations or responses made by an FMOC to the Secretary under section 3 or 7.

6.

Notice and comment for applications by foreign manufacturers of cylinders

Upon receipt of an application for approval under section 107.807 of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations, or any similar successor regulation, the Secretary shall timely publish notification of such application in the Federal Register and provide 30 days for public comment on such application prior to approval.

7.

Additional questions to ensure safety and compliance with DOT process

(a)

Additional questions

The Secretary shall require as part of an application for approval pursuant to section 107.807 of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations, or any similar successor regulation, that the applicant answer the following questions:

(1)

Whether the FMOC applying, or any entity controlling more than 10 percent of such FMOC, has ever been subject to a civil monetary penalty under title 49, United States Code, relating to any actions carried out as an authorized FMOC or during the application for authorization under such section.

(2)

Whether the FMOC applying, or any entity controlling more than 10 percent of such FMOC, has been delinquent in the payment of any civil monetary penalties or other fines or fees under title 49, United States Code.

(3)

Whether the FMOC applying, or any entity controlling more than 10 percent of such FMOC, is subject to the Do Not Pay Initiative established under section 3354 of title 31, United States Code, as of the date of application.

(4)

Whether the FMOC applying, or any entity controlling more than 10 percent of such FMOC, is listed in the Military End User List of the Department of Commerce as of the date of application.

(5)

Whether the FMOC applying, or any entity controlling more than 10 percent of such FMOC, is identified by the Department of Defense as an entity listed under section 1237 of the Strom Thurmond National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1999 (50 U.S.C. 1701 note) as of the date of application.

(6)

Does the FMOC applying certify that the FMOC has the requisite minimum financial responsibility as required in section 4, and that such financial responsibility will continue throughout entirety of the requested authorization period.

(7)

Whether the FMOC applying, or any entity controlling more than 10 percent of such FMOC, has been found guilty of a criminal penalty or assessed a civil penalty under section 1760 John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 section (50 U.S.C. 4819).

(8)

Whether the FMOC applying, or any entity controlling more than 10 percent of such FMOC, is currently subject to a final antidumping or countervailing duty order from the Department of Commerce as of the date of application.

(b)

Denial of application

The Secretary may deny an application for approval under section 107.807 of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations, based on the responses to the questions required under subsection (a).

8.

Foreign manufacturers listing approvals

Not less than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter, the Secretary shall publish and maintain on the website of the Department of Transportation, a list of authorized FMOCs and the duration of such authorization.

9.

Authorizing foreign inspections

Not less than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall update section 107.807(d) of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations, to—

(1)

require that in any case in which the Associate Administrator determines there is good cause, an inspection under such section shall be carried out annually for such duration as the Associated Administrator determines appropriate;

(2)

specify that a refusal of inspection under such section shall result in a loss of a status of in good standing;

(3)

allow the Associate Administrator to request at the discretion of the Administrator, production of test and production records and random sample testing; and

(4)

allow for the recovery of all associated costs of foreign inspections to include travel, time, and other costs, as determined by the Secretary.