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H.R. 2584: Judiciary Act of 2021

The text of the bill below is as of Apr 15, 2021 (Introduced).

Summary of this bill

In this case, is 13 actually a lucky number?


Consecutive presidents Bill Clinton, George W. Bush, and Barack Obama each got two Supreme Court justices confirmed by the Senate during their presidencies. Their successor Donald Trump, though, got three — despite serving fewer years than any of those predecessors.

Those three justices made the Court much more ideologically conservative, particularly because two of them replaced a centrist and a left-leaning justice rather than a fellow conservative, leading to fears that the Court could overturn hallmark decisions like Roe v. Wade.

Some argue that the confirmation of one single justice shouldn’t have the power to fundamentally reshape the country so ...



1st Session

H. R. 2584


April 15, 2021

(for himself, Mr. Nadler, and Mr. Jones) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on the Judiciary


To amend title 28, United States Code, to allow for twelve associate justices of the Supreme Court of the United States.


Short title

This Act may be cited as the Judiciary Act of 2021.


Number of justices; quorum

Section 1 of title 28, United States Code, is amended by striking a Chief Justice of the United States and eight associate justices, any six of whom shall constitute a quorum and inserting a Chief Justice of the United States and twelve associate justices, any eight of whom shall constitute a quorum.