H. R. 2841
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
April 26, 2021
Mr. Gonzalez of Ohio (for himself, Mr. Cleaver, Mr. Rodney Davis of Illinois, Mr. Gottheimer, Mr. Stivers, Mr. Allred, Mr. Hudson, and Ms. Davids of Kansas) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Energy and Commerce, and in addition to the Committee on Education and Labor, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned
To prohibit a covered athletic association and institution of higher education from prohibiting a student athlete from participating in intercollegiate athletics because such student athlete enters into an endorsement contract, and for other purposes.
This Act may be cited as the
Student Athlete Level Playing Field Act.
Contracts relating to student athletes and college and university athletic programs
Subject to the exceptions in subsection (b), a covered athletic organization or institution of higher education may not prohibit a student athlete from participating in intercollegiate athletics because such student athlete enters into an agency contract or an endorsement contract or otherwise receives consideration for such student athlete’s name, image, or likeness.
Exceptions for endorsement contracts
A covered athletic organization or institution of higher education may prohibit a student athlete from entering into an endorsement contract with the following categories of brands, companies, or types of contracts:
A tobacco company or brand, including any vaping device or e-cigarette or related product.
Any alcohol company or brand.
Any seller or dispensary of a controlled substance, including marijuana.
Any adult entertainment business.
Any casino or entity whose primary business is sponsoring or promotion of gambling activities.
A student athlete may be prohibited by the institution of higher education of the student athlete from wearing any item of clothing or gear with the insignia of any entity during any athletic competition or athletic-related university-sponsored event.
Resultant prohibitions on institutions of higher education from entering into certain sponsorship and endorsement contracts
From prohibitions on athletes
If a covered athletic organization or institution of higher education prohibits a student athlete from entering into an endorsement contract pursuant to subsection (b), such covered athletic organization or institution of higher education may not enter into or continue in any sponsorship or endorsement contract for itself with the same category or categories of brands, companies, or types of contracts described in paragraphs (1) through (5) of such subsection.
From prohibitions by a covered athletic organization
If a covered athletic organization prohibits a student athlete from entering into a contract pursuant to subsection (b), any institution of higher education that is a part of that covered athletic organization may not enter into any sponsorship or endorsement contract for itself with the same category or categories of brands, companies, or types of contracts described in paragraphs (1) through (5) of such subsection.
Unfair or deceptive acts or practices
A violation of section 2 shall be treated as an unfair and deceptive act or practice in violation of a regulation under section 18(a)(1)(B) of the Federal Trade Commission Act (15 U.S.C. 57a(a)(1)(B)) regarding unfair or deceptive acts or practices.
Powers of the FTC
The Federal Trade Commission shall enforce this section in the same manner, by the same means, and with the same jurisdiction, powers, and duties as though all applicable terms and provisions of the Federal Trade Commission Act (15 U.S.C. 41 et seq.) were incorporated into and made part of this Act. Any person that violates this section shall be subject to the penalties and entitled to the privileges and immunities provided in the Federal Trade Commission Act (15 U.S.C. 41 et seq.). Nothing in this Act shall be construed to limit the authority of the Federal Trade Commission under any other provision of law.
Covered Athletic Organization Commission
There is established the Covered Athletic Organization Commission (in this section referred to as the
Commission), whose purpose shall be to—
make recommendations to Congress and to each covered athletic organization about the implementation of name, image, and likeness rules;
recommend to each covered athletic organization such a process to certify or recognize credentialed athlete agents;
make recommendations for the establishment of an independent dispute resolution process, for any dispute arising between a student athlete and a covered athletic organization or institution of higher education; and
make recommendations for additional categories of endorsement contracts that are excepted under section 2(b).
The Commission shall consist of 13 members appointed in accordance with subsection (c) from among or in accordance with the following:
Institutions of higher education, including athletic directors and coaches.
At least two individuals who are current or former student athletes who advocate for the interest of student athletes.
Administrators of covered athletic organizations.
Professionals with expertise in sports marketing, contracting, and public relations.
with expertise in corporate governance; and
who are not associated with any covered athletic association or institution of higher education.
Not later than 60 days after the date of enactment of this Act, members of the Commission shall be appointed as follows:
Three members appointed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives.
Three members appointed by the minority leader of the House of Representatives.
Three members appointed by the majority leader of the Senate.
Three members appointed by the minority leader of the Senate.
One member, who shall be the chair of the Commission, selected by the members appointed under subparagraphs (A) through (D) not later than 60 days after the appointment of such members, and agreed upon by no fewer than eight of such members. If eight such members are unable to agree on an appointment under this subparagraph within such 60 day period, the Speaker of the House of Representatives shall make the appointment under this subparagraph.
To the extent practicable, the Speaker and leaders making appointments under paragraph (1) shall coordinate their appointments to ensure that the Commission reflect diversity in gender, race, sport with which they are associated, as applicable, and shall prioritize the appointment of members unaffiliated with divisions or conferences of applicable covered athletic organizations.
Meetings and quorum
Meetings of the Commission shall be held at the call of the chair appointed under subsection (c)(1)(E). A meeting may only be held where there is a quorum of at least 7 members, including not fewer than two members who are current or former student athletes who advocate for the interest of student athletes.
Not later than one, two, and three years, respectively, after the Commission shall be constituted, it shall submit to the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate annual reports that include the recommendations in paragraphs (1) through (4) of subsection (a). The Commission shall also make such reports available to the public.
The Commission shall terminate 60 days after submitting the final report required under subsection (e).
Institutions of higher education and student athletes who enter into endorsement contracts
Section 487(a) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1094(a)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
In the case of an institution that has a student attending the institution who is an athlete and has entered into an endorsement contract (as defined under section 2 of the Sports Agent Responsibility and Trust Act (15 U.S.C. 7801)) or an agency contract (as defined in section 9 of the Student Athlete Level Playing Field Act), such institution will not—
prohibit such student from entering into such an endorsement contract or an agency contract, including through a rule, standard, or policy that affects the eligibility of such student to receive athletically related student aid (as defined in section 485(e) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1092(e))); or
compensate such student for the name, image, or likeness of such student.
Prohibiting unfair and deceptive practices against student athletes
Prohibiting unfair and deceptive practices by boosters
The Sports Agent Responsibility and Trust Act (15 U.S.C. 7801 et seq.) is amended—
in section 2—
by redesignating paragraphs (4) through (9) as paragraphs (5) through (10), respectively; and
by inserting after paragraph (3) the following new paragraph:
The term booster means an individual (other than an individual who is related to a student athlete) or an organization, including a sponsor of an institution’s athletic program, that provides substantial financial assistance or services to the athletic program of an institution of higher education or that promotes a team or athletic program of an institution of higher education for such individual’s or organization’s own substantial financial interest.
by inserting after section 3 the following new section:
Regulation of unfair and deceptive acts and practices in connection with contact between a booster and a student athlete
It is unlawful for a booster to directly or indirectly provide or offer to provide any funds or thing of value as an inducement for a student athlete to enroll or remain at a specific institution or group of institutions.
in section 5(a)(1), by inserting
or by the engagement of any booster in a practice that violates section 3A after
Eligibility To compete as a student athlete after entering into an agency contract
Section 3(b)(3) of the Sports Agent Responsibility and Trust Act (15 U.S.C. 7802(b)(3)) is amended in the quoted part by inserting after
boldface type stating: the following:
Notice to Student Athlete: If you agree orally or in writing to be represented by an agent now or in the future, both you and the agent by whom you are agreeing to be represented must notify the athletic director of the educational institution at which you are enrolled, or other individual responsible for athletic programs at such educational institution, that you have entered into an agency contract. Such notification must be within 72 hours after entering into this contract or before the next athletic event in which you are eligible to participate, whichever occurs first.
Report on claims filed pursuant to the Sports Agent Responsibility and Trust Act
The Sports Agent Responsibility and Trust Act (15 U.S.C. 7801 et seq.) is further amended by inserting after section 6 the following new section:
Report to Congress
Not later than 6 months after the date of enactment of this section, and annually thereafter, the Commission shall submit to the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate a report summarizing any investigation or enforcement action brought by the Commission pursuant to this Act, including the number of complaints filed with the Commission pursuant to this Act.
No State may enforce a State law or regulation with respect to permitting or abridging the ability of a student athlete attending an institution of higher education to enter into an endorsement contract or agency contract pursuant to this Act or by an amendment made by this Act.
Rules of construction
Nothing in this Act or the amendments made by this Act shall affect the treatment of qualified scholarships under section 117 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.
Nondiscrimination of student athletes
Nothing in this Act or the amendments made by this Act may be construed to affect the rights of student athletes or affect any program funded under title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 (20 U.S.C. 1681 et seq.).
Nothing in this Act or the amendments made by this Act shall provide a cause of action pursuant to the Sherman Act (15 U.S.C. 1 et seq.).
Student athlete not considered an employee
Nothing in this Act or the amendments made by this Act shall affect the employment status of a student athlete who enters into an endorsement contract with respect to a covered athletic organization or institution of higher education.
Sense of Congress
It is the sense of Congress that—
institutions of higher education and covered athletic organizations should develop a course or program to assist student athletes with understanding financial literacy with respect to entering into an endorsement contract; and
the Federal Trade Commission should investigate each claim filed pursuant to the Sports Agent Responsibility and Trust Act (15 U.S.C. 7801 et seq.).
In this Act—
the term agency contract means an oral or written agreement in which a student athlete authorizes a person to negotiate or solicit an endorsement contract on behalf of the student athlete;
the terms athlete agent and student athlete shall have the same meaning given such terms in section 2 of the Sports Agent Responsibility and Trust Act (15 U.S.C. 7801);
the term covered athletic organization means an athletic association, conference, or other organization with authority over intercollegiate athletics or that administers intercollegiate athletics;
the term endorsement contract has the meaning given such term in section 2 of the Sports Agent Responsibility and Trust Act (15 U.S.C. 7801); and
the term institution of higher education has the same meaning as that term under section 101 of the Higher Education Act (20 U.S.C. 1001).