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The summary below was written by the Congressional Research Service, which is a nonpartisan division of the Library of Congress, and was published on May 7, 2021.
LPOE Modernization Trust Fund Act
This bill establishes the Land Port of Entry Modernization Trust Fund and addresses other issues related to U.S. ports of entry.
The bill transfers specified amounts, including a portion of certain collected customs fees, to the trust fund each year. It also requires the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and the Department of State to collect certain surcharges related to immigration and land border inspections, with a portion of the surcharges to be deposited into the trust fund. DHS may not seek to increase fees to offset the amounts transferred into the trust fund.
The amounts in the trust fund may be used without further appropriation to (1) construct new ports of entry, (2) expand and improve existing ports of entry, (3) procure technology for inspecting and processing traffic passing through ports of entry, and (4) hiring U.S. Customs and Border Protection staff. In order to use the trust fund, DHS must annually report to Congress certain information about the trust fund.
DHS must also establish the Border Port of Entry Modernization Oversight Board to advise DHS on how to use the trust fund and to review the trust fund's expenditures.