H. R. 3071
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
May 7, 2021
Mr. Trone (for himself and Mr. Reschenthaler) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on the Judiciary
To amend the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 to authorize public safety officer death benefits to officers suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder or acute stress disorder, and for other purposes.
This Act may be cited as the
Public Safety Officer Support Act of 2021.
Congress finds the following:
Every day, public safety officers, including police officers, firefighters, emergency medical technicians, and others, work to maintain the safety, health, and well-being of the communities they serve.
From time to time this means being called to respond to stressful and potentially traumatic situations, sometimes even putting their own lives in danger.
This work not only puts them at risk for experiencing harm, serious injury, and severe trauma, but also places them at up to 25.6 times higher risk for developing post-traumatic stress disorder when compared to those without such experiences.
Psychological evidence indicates law enforcement officers experience significant job-related stressors and exposures that may confer increased risk for mental health morbidities (for example post-traumatic stress disorder, and suicidal thoughts and behaviors), and hastened mortality.
Public safety officers often do not have the resources or support they need, leaving them at higher risk for long-term mental health consequences.
In 2017, the Department of Justice approved 481 Public Safety Officer Benefit (PSOB) claims, but not one of them for the over 240 public safety officers who died by suicide that year.
As it currently stands, officers who have died or are disabled as a result of suicide or post-traumatic stress disorder do not qualify for this program, despite officers being more likely to die by suicide than in the line of duty.
Public safety officer death benefits for post-traumatic stress disorder and acute stress disorder
Section 1201 of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (34 U.S.C. 10281) is amended by adding at the end the following:
As determined by the Bureau—
post-traumatic stress disorder or acute stress disorder suffered by a public safety officer, and diagnosed by a licensed medical or mental health professional, shall be presumed to constitute a personal injury within the meaning of subsection (a), sustained in the line of duty by the officer, if the officer, while on duty, engages in situations involving stressful, tensional, or traumatic law enforcement, fire suppression, rescue, hazardous material response, emergency medical services (including responding to opioid overdoses, or traumatic psychological or psychiatric distress calls), prison security, disaster relief, or other emergency response activity; and
in the case that a public safety officer described in paragraph (1) dies by suicide (for purposes of a claim under subsection (a)), or is permanently and totally disabled as a result of post-traumatic stress disorder or acute stress disorder, including as a result of attempted suicide (for purposes of a claim under subsection (b)), such death or disability shall be presumed to be a direct and proximate result of such engagement,
On the date that is one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to Congress a report on benefits issued pursuant to subsection (o) of section 1201 of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (34 U.S.C. 10281), as added by this Act, and any recommendations to improve such subsection.