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H.R. 3285 (117th): 21st Century President Act

About the bill

The first woman president, or the first president with a same-sex spouse, may be the *next *president.


A 1982 law which makes it illegal to threaten the president or their immediate family refers to “the wife of a former president during his lifetime,” implying that the president must be male and their spouse must be female. So far in American history, indeed, that has always been true.

Yet Kamala Harris is currently the first woman vice president, one heartbeat away from the presidency. Three of the current top eight contenders to become the 2024 Republican presidential nominee, at least according to betting odds, are women: Nikki Haley, Kristi Noem, and Ivanka Trump. And 2020 saw the most successful openly gay presidential candidate in American history, Pete Buttigieg, a …

Sponsor and status

Mark Pocan

Sponsor. Representative for Wisconsin's 2nd congressional district. Democrat.

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Last Updated: Dec 22, 2022
Length: 1 page
May 17, 2021
117th Congress (2021–2023)

Enacted — Signed by the President on Dec 27, 2022

This bill was enacted after being signed by the President on December 27, 2022.

Pub.L. 117-272

52 Cosponsors (51 Democrats, 1 Republican)


Position statements

What legislators are saying

Pocans 21st Century President Act Heads to Presidents Desk
    — Rep. Mark Pocan [D-WI2] (Sponsor) on Dec 21, 2022

the daily leader: tuesday, june 21, 2022
    — Rep. Steny Hoyer [D-MD5] on Jun 21, 2022

the weekly leader: friday, june 17, 2022
    — Rep. Steny Hoyer [D-MD5] on Jun 17, 2022

More statements at ProPublica Represent...

What stakeholders are saying

R Street Institute estimates new spending due to H.R. 3285 will be negligible.


May 17, 2021

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

Jun 15, 2022
Ordered Reported

A committee has voted to issue a report to the full chamber recommending that the bill be considered further. Only about 1 in 4 bills are reported out of committee.

Jun 17, 2022
Text Published

Updated bill text was published as of Preprint (Suspension).

Jun 21, 2022
Passed House (Senate next)

The bill was passed in a vote in the House. It goes to the Senate next. The vote was by voice vote so no record of individual votes was made.

Jun 21, 2022
Reported by House Committee on the Judiciary

A committee issued a report on the bill, which often provides helpful explanatory background on the issue addressed by the bill and the bill's intentions.

Dec 20, 2022
Passed Senate

The bill was passed by both chambers in identical form. It goes to the President next who may sign or veto the bill. The vote was by Unanimous Consent so no record of individual votes was made.

Dec 27, 2022
Enacted — Signed by the President

The President signed the bill and it became law.

H.R. 3285 (117th) was a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number H.R. 3285. This is the one from the 117th Congress.

This bill was introduced in the 117th Congress, which met from Jan 3, 2021 to Jan 3, 2023. Legislation not passed by the end of a Congress is cleared from the books.

How to cite this information.

We recommend the following MLA-formatted citation when using the information you see here in academic work:

“H.R. 3285 — 117th Congress: 21st Century President Act.” 2021. March 26, 2023 <>

Where is this information from?

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