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H.R. 3648 (117th): EAGLE Act of 2022

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To amend the Immigration and Nationality Act to eliminate the per-country numerical limitation for employment-based immigrants, to increase the per-country numerical limitation for family-sponsored immigrants, and for other purposes.

The bill’s titles are written by its sponsor.

Sponsor and status

Zoe Lofgren

Sponsor. Representative for California's 19th congressional district. Democrat.

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Last Updated: Dec 1, 2022
Jun 1, 2021
117th Congress (2021–2023)
Died in a previous Congress

This bill was introduced on April 6, 2022, in a previous session of Congress, but it did not receive a vote.

Although this bill was not enacted, its provisions could have become law by being included in another bill. It is common for legislative text to be introduced concurrently in multiple bills (called companion bills), re-introduced in subsequent sessions of Congress in new bills, or added to larger bills (sometimes called omnibus bills).


83 Cosponsors (75 Democrats, 8 Republicans)


Position statements

Statement of Administration Policy

President Joseph Biden [D]: H.R. 3648 – Equal Access to Green cards for Legal Employment (EAGLE) Act of 2022 (Dec 6, 2022)

What legislators are saying

Lofgren, Curtis Introduce Bipartisan Legislation to Eliminate Arbitrary Per-Country Limits on Employment-Based Visas
    — Rep. Zoe Lofgren [D-CA18] (Sponsor) on Jun 2, 2021

Congressman Krishnamoorthi Urges Senate To Pass Build Back Better Act With Provisions He Championed To Address Green Card Backlog
    — Rep. Raja Krishnamoorthi [D-IL8] (Co-sponsor) on Nov 26, 2021

THIS WEEK IN CONGRESS - December 02, 2022
    — Rep. Gregorio Sablan [D-MP] on Dec 5, 2022

More statements at ProPublica Represent...

What stakeholders are saying

R Street Institute estimates H.R. 3648 will add $523 million in new spending through 2032.


Jun 1, 2021

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

Apr 5, 2022
Considered by House Committee on the Judiciary

A committee held a hearing or business meeting about the bill.

Apr 6, 2022
Ordered Reported

A committee has voted to issue a report to the full chamber recommending that the bill be considered further. Only about 1 in 4 bills are reported out of committee.

Jun 7, 2022
Reported by House Committee on the Judiciary

A committee issued a report on the bill, which often provides helpful explanatory background on the issue addressed by the bill and the bill's intentions.

Dec 1, 2022
Text Published

Updated bill text was published as of Preprint (Rule).

H.R. 3648 (117th) was a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number H.R. 3648. This is the one from the 117th Congress.

This bill was introduced in the 117th Congress, which met from Jan 3, 2021 to Jan 3, 2023. Legislation not passed by the end of a Congress is cleared from the books.

How to cite this information.

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“H.R. 3648 — 117th Congress: EAGLE Act of 2022.” 2021. March 22, 2023 <>

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