H. R. 386
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
January 21, 2021
Mr. Brown (for himself, Mr. Huffman, Ms. Titus, Ms. Brownley, Mr. Espaillat, Mr. Carson, and Mr. Cohen) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure
To amend title 23, United States Code, with respect to funding for certain safety projects, and for other purposes.
This Act may be cited as the
Safe Routes to School Expansion Act.
Highway safety improvement program
Section 148 of title 23, United States Code, is amended—
in subsection (a)—
in paragraph (4)(B)—
by striking clause (xviii) and inserting the following:
Safe Routes to School infrastructure related projects described in section 211(e).
in clause (xxvi) by inserting
or leading pedestrian intervals after
by redesignating clause (xxviii) as clause (xxix);
by inserting after clause (xxvii) the following:
Installation of infrastructure improvements, including sidewalks, crosswalks, signage, and bus stop shelters or protected waiting areas.
in clause (xxix), as redesignated, by striking
(xxvii) and inserting
by redesignating paragraphs (10) through (12) as paragraphs (11) through (13), respectively;
by inserting after paragraph (9) the following:
Safety project under any other section
The term safety project under any other section means a project carried out for the purposes of safety under any section of this title other than this section.
The term safety project under any other section includes a project, consistent with the State strategic highway safety plan, that—
promotes public awareness and informs the public regarding highway safety matters (including motorcycle safety and school bus stop safety);
facilitates enforcement of traffic safety laws; and
supports Safe Routes to School non-infrastructure projects, as described in section 211(e).
in paragraph (12)(A), as so redesignated—
in clause (ix) by striking
by redesignating clause (x) as clause (xi); and
by inserting after clause (ix) the following:
State or local representatives of educational agencies to address Safe Routes to School and school bus safety; and
in subsection (c)(1)(A) by striking
(11) and inserting
in subsection (d)(2)(B)(i) by striking
(11) and inserting
in subsection (e) by adding at the end the following:
Flexible funding for safety projects under any other section
To advance the implementation of a State strategic highway plan, a State may use not more than 25 percent of the amounts apportioned to the State under section 104(b)(3) for a fiscal year to carry out safety projects under any other section.
Other transportation and safety plans
Nothing in this paragraph requires a State to revise any State process, plan, or program in effect on the date of enactment of this paragraph.
Effect of paragraph
A project funded under this paragraph shall be subject to all requirements under this section that apply to a highway safety improvement project.
Other apportioned programs
Subparagraph (A) shall not apply to amounts that may be obligated for non-infrastructure projects apportioned under any other paragraph of section 104(b).
Federal share payable
Section 120(c)(1) of title 23, United States Code, is amended by inserting
an improvement for pedestrian or bicyclist safety or safety of people with disabilities, Safe Routes to School improvements, after
Safe routes to school program
Chapter 2 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by inserting after section 210 the following:
Safe routes to school program
The Secretary shall carry out a safe routes to school program for the benefit of children in primary, middle, and high schools.
The purposes of the program shall be—
to enable and encourage children, including those with disabilities, to walk and bicycle to school;
to make bicycling and walking to school a safer and more appealing transportation alternative, thereby encouraging a healthy and active lifestyle from an early age; and
to facilitate the planning, development, and implementation of projects and activities that will improve safety and reduce traffic, fuel consumption, and air pollution in the vicinity of schools.
Use of funds
Amounts apportioned to a State under paragraphs (2) and (3) of section 104(b) may be used to carry out projects, programs, and other activities under this section.
Projects, programs, and activities funded under this section may be carried out by eligible entities described under section 133(h)(4)(B) that demonstrate an ability to meet the requirements of this section.
Eligible projects and activities
A State may obligate funds under this section for the planning, design, and construction of infrastructure-related projects that will substantially improve the ability of students to walk and bicycle to school, including sidewalk improvements, traffic calming and speed reduction improvements, pedestrian and bicycle crossing improvements, on-street bicycle facilities, off-street bicycle and pedestrian facilities, secure bicycle parking facilities, and traffic diversion improvements in the vicinity of schools.
Location of projects
Infrastructure-related projects under subparagraph (A) may be carried out on any public road or any bicycle or pedestrian pathway or trail in the vicinity of schools.
In addition to projects described in paragraph (1), a State may obligate funds under this section for noninfrastructure-related activities to encourage walking and bicycling to school, including—
public awareness campaigns and outreach to press and community leaders;
traffic education and enforcement in the vicinity of schools;
student sessions on bicycle and pedestrian safety, health, and environment;
programs that address personal safety; and
funding for training, volunteers, and managers of safe routes to school programs.
Safe routes to school coordinator
Each State receiving an apportionment under paragraphs (2) and (3) of section 104(b) shall use a sufficient amount of the apportionment to fund a full-time position of coordinator of the State’s safe routes to school program.
Rural school district outreach
A coordinator described in paragraph (3) shall conduct outreach to ensure that rural school districts in the State are aware of such State’s safe routes to school program and any funds authorized by this section.
The Federal share of the cost of a project, program, or activity under this section shall be 100 percent.
The Secretary shall maintain a national safe routes to school clearinghouse to—
develop information and educational programs on safe routes to school; and
provide technical assistance and disseminate techniques and strategies used for successful safe routes to school programs.
The Secretary shall carry out this subsection using amounts authorized to be appropriated for administrative expenses under section 104(a).
Treatment of projects
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, projects carried out under this section shall be treated as projects on a Federal-aid highway under chapter 1 of this title.
In this section, the following definitions apply:
In the vicinity of schools
The term in the vicinity of schools means, with respect to a school, the area within bicycling and walking distance of the school (approximately 2 miles).
Primary, middle, and high schools
The term primary, middle, and high schools means schools providing education from kindergarten through twelfth grade.
Technical and conforming amendments
Section 1404 of SAFETEA–LU (Public Law 109–59; 119 Stat. 1228–1230), and the item relating to such section in the table of contents in section 1(b) of such Act, are repealed.
The analysis for chapter 2 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 210 the following:
211. Safe routes to school program.