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H.R. 3938: Support UNFPA Funding Act


The text of the bill below is as of Jun 16, 2021 (Introduced).


I

117th CONGRESS

1st Session

H. R. 3938

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

June 16, 2021

(for herself, Mr. Meeks, Ms. Lee of California, Ms. Speier, Ms. DeGette, Ms. Lois Frankel of Florida, Mrs. Carolyn B. Maloney of New York, Mr. Deutch, Mr. Castro of Texas, Ms. Jacobs of California, Ms. Barragán, Mr. Auchincloss, Mr. Bera, Mr. Connolly, Mr. García of Illinois, Mr. Grijalva, Mr. McGovern, Mr. Keating, Mr. Vargas, Mr. Carson, Mr. Cohen, Ms. Manning, Ms. Meng, Mr. Casten, Ms. Kelly of Illinois, Mr. Smith of Washington, Mr. Phillips, Ms. Velázquez, Mr. Sherman, Ms. Schakowsky, Ms. Moore of Wisconsin, Mr. Ruppersberger, Ms. Norton, Mr. Evans, Mr. Tonko, Ms. McCollum, Mr. Levin of Michigan, Ms. Titus, Ms. Pressley, Mr. Espaillat, Ms. Matsui, Mr. Raskin, Mr. Price of North Carolina, Ms. Strickland, Ms. Sánchez, Ms. Dean, Ms. Sewell, Ms. Brownley, Mr. Quigley, Mr. Johnson of Georgia, Mr. Neguse, Ms. Roybal-Allard, Mr. Gallego, Ms. Chu, Mr. Pocan, Mr. Sarbanes, Ms. Ross, Mr. Cicilline, Mr. Nadler, Mr. Ryan, Miss Rice of New York, Ms. Eshoo, Mr. Kilmer, Mr. Welch, Mr. Schneider, Mr. Case, Mr. Krishnamoorthi, Ms. Wasserman Schultz, Ms. Bass, Mr. Himes, Mrs. Lawrence, Ms. DelBene, Mr. Cooper, Mr. Allred, Mrs. Kirkpatrick, Ms. Lofgren, Mr. Costa, Mr. Pappas, Ms. Schrier, Ms. Wild, Ms. Sherrill, Mr. Lawson of Florida, Mr. Yarmuth, Mr. Levin of California, Ms. Blunt Rochester, Ms. Bourdeaux, Mr. Cárdenas, Mr. Lowenthal, Mr. DeFazio, Ms. Wexton, Mr. Huffman, Mr. Trone, Ms. Omar, Mr. Blumenauer, Mr. Sires, Mr. Danny K. Davis of Illinois, Mrs. Hayes, Mr. Malinowski, Mr. Kildee, Mr. Higgins of New York, Ms. Scanlon, Ms. Clark of Massachusetts, Ms. Bonamici, Ms. Pingree, Mr. Kahele, Mrs. Dingell, Ms. Adams, Mr. Sean Patrick Maloney of New York, Mr. Lieu, Mr. Crow, Mr. Aguilar, Mr. Payne, Mr. Veasey, Mr. David Scott of Georgia, Mr. Carbajal, Ms. Jackson Lee, Mr. Lamb, Mr. Pallone, Ms. Kuster, Mrs. Demings, Mr. Takano, Mrs. Torres of California, Ms. Johnson of Texas, Ms. Garcia of Texas, Mr. Kind, Mr. Soto, and Ms. Jayapal) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Foreign Affairs

A BILL

To authorize contributions to the United Nations Population Fund, and for other purposes.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Support UNFPA Funding Act.

2.

Findings

Congress finds the following:

(1)

The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) is the United Nations reproductive health agency.

(2)

UNFPA was founded with the leadership of the United States 50 years ago and works in more than 150 countries to end preventable maternal deaths, the unmet need for contraception, and gender-based violence and other harmful practices, including female genital mutilation and child marriage.

(3)

UNFPA also ensures access to health care and essential supplies for women and families impacted by emergencies.

(4)

All UNFPA programming is guided by principles adopted by 179 governments, including the United States, at the 1994 International Conference for Population and Development. The principles include that reproductive health care programs should provide the widest range of services without any form of coercion. All couples and individuals have the basic right to decide freely and responsibly the number and spacing of their children and to have the information, education and means to do so..

(5)

UNFPA is currently working to address the needs of the following:

(A)

The 810 women and adolescent girls who die each day from preventable causes related to pregnancy and childbirth, 99 percent of which deaths occur in developing countries and more than half of which occur in fragile and humanitarian settings.

(B)

The more than 218,000,000 women of reproductive age in low- and middle-income countries who want to avoid pregnancy and are not using a modern contraceptive method.

(C)

The estimated 1 in 3 women who experience gender-based violence.

(D)

The estimated 200,000,000 women who have survived some form of female genital mutilation.

(E)

The estimated 15,000,000 girls who are forcibly married before the age of 18 each year.

(6)

In recent years, the United States has been the third-largest overall donor to UNFPA, and its second-largest donor for humanitarian response.

(7)

UNFPA, which works in three times as many countries as the United States Agency for International Development, extends the impact of United States foreign assistance by reaching people in politically unstable regions. UNFPA also plays a pivotal role in meeting protection and health care needs in countries experiencing humanitarian emergencies like Syria, Yemen, and Iraq.

(8)

Voluntary family planning is central to gender equality and women’s empowerment, and it is a key factor in reducing poverty.

(9)

UNFPA is responding to the needs of women and girls affected by the COVID–19 outbreak by focusing on countries that have weak public health and social support systems to limit potential increases in unmet need for family planning, gender based violence, female genital mutilation, and child marriage.

3.

Statement of policy

It is the policy of the United States as follows:

(1)

Improving the status of women around the world is a critical component of the United States foreign policy and development strategies.

(2)

The right of every person to determine freely whether, when, and with whom to have children, and to attain the highest standard of sexual and reproductive health, is a basic human right.

(3)

Access to voluntary contraception and reproductive health care is necessary to improving the status of women and ensuring this basic human right.

(4)

UNFPA is a key partner in improving the status of women and expanding access to voluntary family planning and reproductive health care services throughout the world.

(5)

UNFPA helps ensure that family planning and reproductive health programs are voluntary and centered on protecting human rights.

(6)

Financial support for UNFPA is a crucial part of the United States commitment to global health, development, and human rights, and the Government of the United States is committed to providing core, development, and humanitarian funding to UNFPA.

4.

Authorization of appropriations

There is authorized to be appropriated an annual contribution for each of the five fiscal years beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act to support the core functions and programs of the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), which may include the following:

(1)

Ending preventable maternal deaths.

(2)

Ending the unmet need for contraceptives and promoting a human-rights-based approach to family planning.

(3)

Ending gender-based violence.

(4)

Ending other harmful practices, such as child marriage and female genital mutilation.

(5)

Supporting United States national security and humanitarian efforts by operating in areas where medical infrastructure or services have been destroyed or limited by natural disasters, armed conflict, or other humanitarian emergencies.