H. R. 4024
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
June 21, 2021
Mr. Pascrell (for himself, Mr. Suozzi, Mr. Katko, Mr. Danny K. Davis of Illinois, Mr. Brown, Mr. Ruppersberger, Mrs. Bustos, Mr. Michael F. Doyle of Pennsylvania, and Mr. Fitzpatrick) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Ways and Means
To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to establish a tax credit for production of electricity using nuclear power.
This Act may be cited as the
Zero-Emission Nuclear Power Production Credit Act of 2021.
Zero-emission nuclear power production credit
Subpart D of part IV of subchapter A of chapter 1 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
Zero-emission nuclear power production credit
Amount of credit
For purposes of section 38, the zero-emission nuclear power production credit for any taxable year is an amount equal to the amount by which—
the product of—
1.5 cents, multiplied by
the kilowatt hours of electricity—
produced by the taxpayer at a qualified nuclear power facility, and
sold by the taxpayer to an unrelated person during the taxable year, exceeds
the reduction amount for such taxable year.
Qualified nuclear power facility
For purposes of this section, the term qualified nuclear power facility means any nuclear facility—
which is owned by the taxpayer and which uses nuclear energy to produce electricity,
which is not described in section 168(i)(10), and
which is not an advanced nuclear power facility, as defined in subsection (d)(1) of section 45J, or which has not received an allocation under subsection (b) of such section.
For purposes of this section, the term reduction amount means, with respect to any qualified nuclear power facility for any taxable year, the amount equal to the lesser of—
the amount determined under subsection (a)(1), or
the amount equal to 80 percent of the excess of—
subject to subparagraph (B), the gross receipts from any electricity produced by such facility and sold to an unrelated person during such taxable year, over
the amount equal to the product of—
2.5 cents, multiplied by
the amount determined under subsection (a)(1)(B).
Treatment of certain receipts
The amount determined under subparagraph (A)(ii)(I) shall include any amount received by the taxpayer during the taxable year with respect to the qualified nuclear power facility from a zero-emission credit program unless the amount received by the taxpayer is subject to reduction—
by the full amount of the credit determined under this section, or
by any lesser amount if such amount entirely offsets the amount received from a zero-emission credit program.
Zero-emission credit program
For purposes of this subparagraph, the term zero-emission credit program means any State or local government program that provides payments to a qualified nuclear power facility for, in whole or in part, the zero-emission, zero-carbon, or air quality attributes of any portion of the electricity produced by such facility.
For purposes of this section (with the exception of subsection (d)(3)), the term electricity means the energy produced by a qualified nuclear power facility from the conversion of nuclear fuel into electric power.
Election for direct payment
In the case of a taxpayer making an election (at such time and in such manner as the Secretary may provide) under this subsection with respect to any portion of the credit which would (without regard to this subsection) be determined under subsection (a) with respect to such taxpayer, such taxpayer shall be treated as making a payment against the tax imposed by subtitle A for the taxable year equal to the amount of such portion.
The payment described in paragraph (1) shall be treated as made on the later of the due date of the return of tax for the taxable year or the date on which such return is filed.
Exclusion from gross income
Gross income of the taxpayer shall be determined without regard to this subsection.
Denial of double benefit
Solely for purposes of section 38, in the case of a taxpayer making an election under this subsection, the credit determined under subsection (a) shall be reduced by the amount of the portion of such credit with respect to which the taxpayer makes such election.
Determination of eligibility for direct payments
For purposes of determining eligibility of a taxpayer for a direct payment under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall have the authority to request such information from the taxpayer as the Secretary may require.
The 1.5 cent amount in subsection (a)(1)(A) and the 2.5 cent amount in subsection (b)(2)(A)(ii)(II)(aa) shall each be adjusted by multiplying such amount by the inflation adjustment factor (as determined under section 45(e)(2)) for the calendar year in which the sale occurs. If any amount as increased under the preceding sentence is not a multiple of 0.1 cent, such amount shall be rounded to the nearest multiple of 0.1 cent.
Rules similar to the rules of paragraphs (1), (3), (4), and (5) of section 45(e) shall apply for purposes of this section.
Phaseout of credit
If the Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of Energy and the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency, determines that the annual greenhouse gas emissions from electricity production in the United States for a calendar year are equal to or less than 50 percent of the annual greenhouse gas emissions from electricity production in the United States for calendar year 2020, the amount of the credit determined under the subsection (a) shall be reduced by an amount equal to the product of—
the amount of credit determined under the subsection (a), as determined before application of this paragraph, multiplied by
an amount (expressed as a percentage) equal to twice the percentage amount that the percentage determined by the Secretary pursuant to this paragraph exceeds 50 percent.
The taxpayer shall ensure, with respect to a qualified nuclear power facility, that any laborers and mechanics employed by contractors and subcontractors in the construction, repair, alteration, or maintenance of such facility shall be paid wages at rates not less than the prevailing rates for construction, alteration, or repair of a similar character in the locality as determined by the Secretary of Labor, in accordance with subchapter IV of chapter 31 of title 40, United States Code.
The Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of Energy and the Secretary of Labor, shall, by regulations, provide for recapturing the benefit of any credit allowable under subsection (a) for any taxable year if the Secretary determines that the wage requirements described in subsection (d)(4) have been violated.
Upon receipt of a complaint or its own initiative, the Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of Energy and the Secretary of Labor, shall request and review the payroll records of contractors and subcontractors engaged in the performance of any construction, repair, alteration, or maintenance with respect to a qualified nuclear power facility, and interview individuals employed by such contractors and subcontractors, to determine whether the requirements of paragraph (1)(A) have been met.
Administration and enforcement
With respect to the administration and enforcement of the standards in paragraph (1)(A), the Secretary of Labor shall have the authority and functions set forth in Reorganization Plan Numbered 14 of 1950 (64 Stat. 1267; 5 U.S.C. App.) and section 3145 of title 40, United States Code.
This section shall not apply to taxable years beginning after December 31, 2030.
Section 38(b) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is amended—
in paragraph (32), by striking
plus at the end,
in paragraph (33), by striking the period at the end and inserting
, plus, and
by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
the zero-emission nuclear power production credit determined under section 45U(a).
The table of sections for subpart D of part IV of subchapter A of chapter 1 of such Code is amended by adding at the end the following new item:
Sec. 45U. Zero-emission nuclear power production credit.
Not later than January 1, 2024, the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to Congress a report with respect to the credits allowed for qualified nuclear power facilities under section 45U of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (as added by subsection (a)), which shall include—
an evaluation of the effectiveness of the credits allowed under such section in regards to ensuring grid reliability while avoiding emissions of carbon dioxide, nitrogen oxides, sulfur oxides, particulate matter, and hazardous air pollutants;
a quantification of the ratepayer savings achieved as a result of the credits allowed under such section; and
any recommendations to renew or expand the credits allowed under such section.
This section shall apply to electricity produced and sold after December 31, 2020, in taxable years beginning after such date.
Use of qualified apprentices
All contractors and subcontractors engaged in the performance of construction, alteration, or repair work on any applicable project shall, subject to subsection (b), ensure that not less than 15 percent of the total labor hours of such work be performed by qualified apprentices.
The requirement under subsection (a) shall be subject to any applicable requirements for apprentice-to-journeyworker ratios of the Department of Labor or the applicable State apprenticeship agency.
Each contractor and subcontractor who employs 4 or more individuals to perform construction, alteration, or repair work on an applicable project shall employ 1 or more qualified apprentices to perform such work.
Notwithstanding any other provision in this section, this section shall not apply in the case of a taxpayer who—
demonstrates a lack of availability of qualified apprentices in the geographic area of the construction, alteration, or repair work; and
makes a good faith effort, and its contractors and subcontractors make a good faith effort, to comply with the requirements of this section.
In this section:
applicable project means, with respect to—
subsection (e)(7)(A)(ii) of section 30C of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986,
subsection (f)(8)(A)(ii) of section 45Q of such Code,
subsection (b)(1)(A)(iv)(II) of section 45U of such Code,
subsections (b)(3)(A)(iv)(II) and (c)(1)(B)(ii) of section 48D of such Code, and
subsection 9c)(1)(E)(ii) of section179D of such Code,
means the total number of hours devoted to the performance of construction, alteration, or repair work by employees of the contractor or subcontractor; and
excludes any hours worked by—
persons employed in a bona fide executive, administrative, or professional capacity (within the meaning of those terms in part 541 of title 29, Code of Federal Regulations).
qualified apprentice means an individual who is an employee of the contractor or subcontractor and who is participating in a registered apprenticeship program, as defined in section 3131(e)(3)(B) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.