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H.R. 4521: United States Innovation and Competition Act of 2021

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To provide for a coordinated Federal research initiative to ensure continued United States leadership in engineering biology.

The bill’s titles are written by its sponsor.

Sponsor and status

Eddie Bernice Johnson

Sponsor. Representative for Texas's 30th congressional district. Democrat.

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Last Updated: Mar 28, 2022
Length: 2326 pages
Jul 19, 2021
117th Congress (2021–2023)

Parts Incorporated Into Other Measures

This bill has been passed in the House and the Senate, but the Senate made changes and sent it back to the House on March 28, 2022. Provisions of this bill were incorporated into other bills.

Other activity may have occurred on another bill with identical or similar provisions.

Provisions of this bill also appear in:

S. 1097: Federal Rotational Cyber Workforce Program Act of 2021
Enacted — Signed by the President on Jun 21, 2022. (compare text)

101 Cosponsors (100 Democrats, 1 Republican)

2% chance of being enacted according to Skopos Labs (details)

Position statements

Statement of Administration Policy

President Joseph Biden [D]: H.R. 4521 – America Creating Opportunities for Manufacturing, Pre-Eminence in Technology, and Economic Strength (COMPETES) Act of 2022 (Feb 1, 2022)

What legislators are saying

DeLauro, Casey, Cornyn, Pascrell, McCaul, Fitzpatrick, Spartz Statement on National Critical Capabilities Committee Proposal
    — Rep. Rosa DeLauro [D-CT3] (Co-sponsor) on Jun 13, 2022

THIS WEEK IN CONGRESS - February 4, 2022
    — Rep. Gregorio Sablan [D-MP] (Co-sponsor) on Feb 7, 2022

Rubio, Colleagues Voice Concerns with Provisions of the Senates China Bill
    — Sen. Marco Rubio [R-FL] on Jul 5, 2022

More statements at ProPublica Represent...

What stakeholders are saying

R Street Institute estimates H.R. 4521 will add $403.4 billion in new spending through 2031.


Jul 19, 2021

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

Jan 19, 2022
Ordered Reported

A committee has voted to issue a report to the full chamber recommending that the bill be considered further. Only about 1 in 4 bills are reported out of committee.

Jan 25, 2022
Text Published

Updated bill text was published as of Preprint (Rule).

Jan 28, 2022
Reported by House Committee on Science, Space, and Technology

A committee issued a report on the bill, which often provides helpful explanatory background on the issue addressed by the bill and the bill's intentions.

Feb 4, 2022
Passed House (Senate next)

The bill was passed in a vote in the House. It goes to the Senate next.

Mar 28, 2022
Passed Senate with Changes (back to House)

The Senate passed the bill with changes not in the House version and sent it back to the House to approve the changes.

If this bill has further action, the following steps may occur next:
House Approves Senate Changes

Signed by the President

H.R. 4521 is a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number H.R. 4521. This is the one from the 117th Congress.

How to cite this information.

We recommend the following MLA-formatted citation when using the information you see here in academic work:

“H.R. 4521 — 117th Congress: United States Innovation and Competition Act of 2021.” 2021. August 17, 2022 <>

Where is this information from?

GovTrack automatically collects legislative information from a variety of governmental and non-governmental sources. This page is sourced primarily from, the official portal of the United States Congress. is generally updated one day after events occur, and so legislative activity shown here may be one day behind. Data via the congress project.