H. R. 525
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
January 28, 2021
Mrs. Dingell (for herself, Ms. Porter, Ms. Moore of Wisconsin, Mr. Deutch, Mr. Michael F. Doyle of Pennsylvania, Ms. Schakowsky, Miss Rice of New York, Ms. Matsui, Ms. Pressley, Mr. Langevin, Ms. Blunt Rochester, Mr. Neguse, Mr. Larson of Connecticut, Ms. DeLauro, Mr. Tonko, and Ms. Kuster) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Energy and Commerce
To provide for an emergency increase in Federal funding to State Medicaid programs for expenditures on home and community-based services.
This Act may be cited as the
COVID HCBS Relief Act of 2021.
Additional support for Medicaid home and community-based services during the COVID–19 emergency period
Notwithstanding section 1905(b) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1396d(b)), in the case of an HCBS program State, the Federal medical assistance percentage determined for the State under section 1905(b) of such Act and, if applicable, increased under subsection (y), (z), or (aa) of section 1905 of such Act (42 U.S.C. 1396d), section 1915(k) of such Act (42 U.S.C. 1396n(k)), or section 6008(a) of the Families First Coronavirus Response Act (Public Law 116–127), shall be increased by 10 percentage points with respect to expenditures of the State under the State Medicaid program for home and community-based services that are provided during the HCBS program improvement period. In no case may the application of the previous sentence result in the Federal medical assistance percentage determined for a State being more than 95 percent.
In this section:
HCBS program improvement period
The term HCBS program improvement period means, with respect to a State, the period—
beginning on October 1, 2020; and
ending on September 30, 2022.
HCBS program State
The term HCBS program State means a State that meets the condition described in subsection (b) by submitting an application described in such subsection, which is approved by the Secretary pursuant to subsection (c).
Home and community-based services
The term home and community-based services means home health care services authorized under paragraph (7) of section 1905(a) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1396d(a)), personal care services authorized under paragraph (24) of such section, behavioral health services authorized under paragraph (13) of such section, PACE services authorized under paragraph (26) of such section, services authorized under subsections (b), (c), (i), (j), and (k) of section 1915 of such Act (42 U.S.C. 1396n), such services authorized under a waiver under section 1115 of such Act (42 U.S.C. 1315), and such other services specified by the Secretary.
The condition described in this subsection, with respect to a State, is that the State submits an application to the Secretary, at such time and in such manner as specified by the Secretary, that includes, in addition to such other information as the Secretary shall require—
a description of which activities described in subsection (d) that a State plans to implement and a description of how it plans to implement such activities;
assurances that the Federal funds attributable to the increase under subsection (a) will be used—
to implement the activities described in subsection (d); and
to supplement, and not supplant, the level of State funds expended for home and community-based services for eligible individuals through programs in effect as of the date of the enactment of this section; and
assurances that the State will conduct adequate oversight and ensure the validity of such data as may be required by the Secretary.
Approval of application
Not later than 90 days after the date of submission of an application of a State under subsection (b), the Secretary shall certify if the application is complete. Upon certification that an application of a State is complete, the application shall be deemed to be approved for purposes of this section.
Activities To improve the delivery of HCBS
A State shall work with community partners, such as Area Agencies on Aging, Centers for Independent Living, nonprofit home and community-based services providers, and other entities providing home and community-based services, to implement—
the purposes described in paragraph (2) during the COVID–19 public health emergency period; and
the purposes described in paragraph (3) after the end of such emergency period.
Focused areas of HCBS improvement
The purposes described in this paragraph, with respect to a State, are the following:
To increase rates for home health agencies and agencies that employ direct support professionals (including independent providers in a self-directed or consumer-directed model) to provide home and community-based services under the State Medicaid program, provided that any agency or individual that receives payment under such an increased rate increases the compensation it pays its home health workers or direct support professionals.
To provide paid sick leave, paid family leave, and paid medical leave for home health workers and direct support professionals.
To provide hazard pay, overtime pay, and shift differential pay for home health workers and direct support professionals.
To provide home and community-based services to eligible individuals who are on waiting lists for programs approved under sections 1115 or 1915 of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1315, 1396n).
To expand home and community-based services to facilitate reducing the census of nursing facilities, intermediate care facilities, psychiatric facilities, and other institutional or congregate settings so that safety measures can be effectively implemented within these settings.
To purchase emergency supplies and equipment, which may include items not typically covered under the Medicaid program, such as personal protective equipment, necessary to enhance access to services and to protect the health and well-being of home health workers and direct support professionals.
To pay for the travel of home health workers and direct support professionals to conduct home and community-based services.
To recruit new home health workers and direct support professionals.
To support family care providers of eligible individuals with needed supplies and equipment, which may include items not typically covered under the Medicaid program, such as personal protective equipment, and pay.
To pay for training for home health workers and direct support professionals that is specific to the COVID–19 public health emergency.
To pay for assistive technologies, staffing, and other costs incurred during the COVID–19 public health emergency period in order to facilitate community integration and ensure an individual’s person-centered service plan continues to be fully implemented.
To prepare information and public health and educational materials in accessible formats (including formats accessible to people with low literacy or intellectual disabilities) about prevention, treatment, recovery, and other aspects of COVID–19 for eligible individuals, their families, and the general community served by agencies described in subparagraph (A).
To pay for interpreters to assist in providing home and community-based services to eligible individuals and to inform the general public about COVID–19.
To allow day services providers to provide home and community-based services.
To pay for other expenses deemed appropriate by the Secretary to enhance, expand, or strengthen Home and Community-Based Services, including retainer payments, and expenses which meet the criteria of the home and community-based settings rule published on January 16, 2014.
Permissible uses after the emergency period
The purpose described in this paragraph, with respect to a State, is to assist eligible individuals who had to relocate to a nursing facility or institutional setting from their homes during the COVID–19 public health emergency period in—
moving back to their homes (including by paying for moving costs, first month’s rent, and other one-time expenses and start-up costs);
resuming home and community-based services;
receiving mental health services and necessary rehabilitative service to regain skills lost while relocated during the public health emergency period; and
while funds attributable to the increased FMAP under this section remain available, continuing home and community-based services for eligible individuals who were served from a waiting list for such services during the public health emergency period.
State reporting requirements
Not later than December 31, 2023, any State with respect to which an application is approved by the Secretary pursuant to subsection (c) shall submit a report to the Secretary that contains the following information:
Activities and programs that were funded using Federal funds attributable to such increase.
The number of eligible individuals who were served by such activities and programs.
The number of eligible individuals who were able to resume home and community-based services as a result of such activities and programs.
The Secretary shall evaluate the implementation and outcomes of this section in the aggregate using an external evaluator with experience evaluating home and community-based services, disability programs, and older adult programs.
For purposes of subparagraph (A), the external evaluator shall—
document and evaluate changes in access, availability, and quality of home and community-based services in each HCBS program State;
document and evaluate aggregate changes in access, availability, and quality of home and community-based services across all such States; and
evaluate the implementation and outcomes of this section based on—
the impact of this section on increasing funding for home and community-based services;
the impact of this section on achieving targeted access, availability, and quality of home and community-based services; and
promising practices identified by activities conducted pursuant to subsection (d) that increase access to, availability of, and quality of home and community-based services.
Dissemination of evaluation findings
The Secretary shall—
disseminate the findings from the evaluations conducted under this paragraph to—
all State Medicaid directors; and
the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of Representatives, the Committee on Finance of the Senate, and the Special Committee on Aging of the Senate; and
make all evaluation findings publicly available in an accessible electronic format and any other accessible format determined appropriate by the Secretary.
Each State with respect to which an application is approved by the Secretary pursuant to subsection (c) shall ensure adequate oversight of the expenditure of Federal funds pursuant to such increase in accordance with the Medicaid regulations, including section 1115 and 1915 waiver regulations and special terms and conditions for any relevant waiver or grant program.
Non-Application Of The Paperwork Reduction Act
Chapter 35 of title 44, United States Code (commonly referred to as the “Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995”), shall not apply to the provisions of this subsection.
In this section:
COVID–19 public health emergency period
The term COVID–19 public health emergency period means the portion of the emergency period described in paragraph (1)(B) of section 1135(g) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1320b–5(g)) beginning on or after the date of the enactment of this Act.
The term eligible individual means an individual who is eligible for or enrolled for medical assistance under a State Medicaid program.
The term Medicaid program means, with respect to a State, the State program under title XIX of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1396 et seq.) (including any waiver or demonstration under such title or under section 1115 of such Act (42 U.S.C. 1315) relating to such title).
The term Secretary means the Secretary of Health and Human Services.
The term State has the meaning given such term for purposes of title XIX of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1396 et seq.).