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H.R. 55: Emmett Till Antilynching Act

To amend section 249 of title 18, United States Code, to specify lynching as a hate crime act.

Sponsor and status

Bobby Rush

Sponsor. Representative for Illinois's 1st congressional district. Democrat.

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Last Updated: Mar 8, 2022
Length: 2 pages
Jan 4, 2021
117th Congress (2021–2023)

Enacted — Signed by the President on Mar 29, 2022

This bill was enacted after being signed by the President on March 29, 2022.

Pub.L. 117-107

181 Cosponsors (180 Democrats, 1 Republican)


Position statements

What legislators are saying

Rush Introduces Legislation To Honor Mamie Till-Mobley With Memorial Stamp
    — Rep. Bobby Rush [D-IL1] (Sponsor) on Jul 23, 2021

Cicilline Votes to Make Lynching a Federal Hate Crime, Passes H.R. 55, the Emmett Till Antilynching Act
    — Rep. David Cicilline [D-RI1] (Co-sponsor) on Feb 28, 2022

Latta, Hyde-Smith Lead Bicameral Letter Urging FDA to Protect Women and Babies from the Consequences of Chemical Abortions
    — Rep. Robert Latta [R-OH5] on Apr 22, 2021

More statements at ProPublica Represent...

What stakeholders are saying

R Street Institute estimates new spending due to H.R. 55 will be negligible.


Jan 4, 2021

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

Dec 8, 2021
Ordered Reported

A committee has voted to issue a report to the full chamber recommending that the bill be considered further. Only about 1 in 4 bills are reported out of committee.

Feb 25, 2022
Text Published

Updated bill text was published as of Preprint (Suspension).

Feb 25, 2022
Reported by House Committee on the Judiciary

A committee issued a report on the bill, which often provides helpful explanatory background on the issue addressed by the bill and the bill's intentions.

Feb 28, 2022
Passed House (Senate next)

The bill was passed in a vote in the House. It goes to the Senate next.

Mar 7, 2022
Passed Senate

The bill was passed by both chambers in identical form. It goes to the President next who may sign or veto the bill. The vote was by Unanimous Consent so no record of individual votes was made.

Mar 29, 2022
Enacted — Signed by the President

The President signed the bill and it became law.

H.R. 55 is a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number H.R. 55. This is the one from the 117th Congress.

How to cite this information.

We recommend the following MLA-formatted citation when using the information you see here in academic work:

“H.R. 55 — 117th Congress: Emmett Till Antilynching Act.” 2021. July 3, 2022 <>

Where is this information from?

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