This bill would authorize $400 million in grants to state, local, tribal, and territorial public health departments to update their computer databases of immunization records to meet federal standards, improve their accuracy, facilitate exchange of information between these databases, and support activities that schedule vaccinations. It also mandates that a report assess immunization access in medically underserved, rural, and frontier areas.
The summary below was written by the Congressional Research Service, which is a nonpartisan division of the Library of Congress, and was published on Dec 6, 2021.
Immunization Infrastructure Modernization Act of 2021
This bill directs the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) to take actions to improve data sharing and other aspects of immunization information systems. These are confidential, population-based databases that maintain a record of vaccine administrations.
Specifically, HHS must
develop a strategy and plan to improve these systems, including systems supported by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; designate data and technology standards for use in these systems; and award grants to health departments and other government agencies to improve their systems. As a condition of receiving the grants, recipients must use the designated standards. However, HHS may waive this condition in some circumstances.
HHS must also report to Congress on these activities.