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H.R. 5517: Fair Adjudications for Immigrants Act

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About the bill

Once a crook, always a crook?


Mauro Roldan-Santoyo entered the U.S. from Mexico in 1982, had been a legal permanent resident since 1988, and pleaded guilty to marijuana possession in Idaho in 1993. The U.S. government sought to deport him in 1994, and the Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA) ruled that a state court’s order expunging Roldan’s conviction could not be given effect in the deportation proceedings against him.

The case set a legal precedent ever since for deportation proceedings. Similarly, a person applying for U.S. citizenship will likely be denied if they have a so-called “deportable conviction” on their criminal record — not minor infractions like jaywalking, but more serious crimes — even if the conviction has since been overturned.

This wasn’t always the case. For most of …

Sponsor and status

Adriano Espaillat

Sponsor. Representative for New York's 13th congressional district. Democrat.

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Last Updated: Oct 8, 2021
Length: 3 pages
Oct 8, 2021
117th Congress (2021–2023)

Introduced on Oct 8, 2021

This bill is in the first stage of the legislative process. It was introduced into Congress on October 8, 2021. It will typically be considered by committee next before it is possibly sent on to the House or Senate as a whole.

Other activity may have occurred on another bill with identical or similar provisions.


16 Cosponsors (16 Democrats)

3% chance of being enacted according to Skopos Labs (details)


Oct 8, 2021

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

If this bill has further action, the following steps may occur next:
Passed Committee

Passed House

Passed Senate

Signed by the President

H.R. 5517 is a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number H.R. 5517. This is the one from the 117th Congress.

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“H.R. 5517 — 117th Congress: Fair Adjudications for Immigrants Act.” 2021. December 4, 2022 <>

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