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H.R. 558 (117th): Dismemberment Abortion Ban Act of 2021

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The summary below was written by the Congressional Research Service, which is a nonpartisan division of the Library of Congress, and was published on May 7, 2021.

Dismemberment Abortion Ban Act of 2021 This bill restricts the performance of dismemberment abortions. It defines the term dismemberment abortion.

Specifically, the bill prohibits a physician from knowingly performing a dismemberment abortion. It provides an exception for a dismemberment abortion that is necessary to save the life of a mother whose life is endangered by a physical disorder, illness, or condition.

The bill establishes criminal penalties—a fine, a prison term of up to two years, or both—for a physician who performs a prohibited dismemberment abortion.

It also authorizes civil remedies for a woman or parent of a minor who undergoes a dismemberment abortion.

A woman who undergoes a dismemberment abortion may not be prosecuted or held civilly liable.