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H.R. 5681: Shadow Wolves Enhancement Act

To authorize the reclassification of the tactical enforcement officers (commonly known as the "Shadow Wolves") in the Homeland Security Investigations tactical patrol unit operating on the lands of the Tohono O'odham Nation as special agents, and for other purposes.

Sponsor and status

John Katko

Sponsor. Representative for New York's 24th congressional district. Republican.

Read Text »
Last Updated: Apr 7, 2022
Length: 2 pages
Oct 22, 2021
117th Congress (2021–2023)

Enacted — Signed by the President on Apr 19, 2022

This bill was enacted after being signed by the President on April 19, 2022.

Pub.L. 117-113

6 Cosponsors (4 Republicans, 2 Democrats)


Position statements

What legislators are saying

Katko Bill to Improve ICEs Shadow Wolves Program & Secure Southern Border Signed into Law
    — Rep. John Katko [R-NY24] (Sponsor) on Apr 20, 2022

Congress Passes Hoeven-Sponsored Legislation to Enhance Shadow Wolves, Expand Operation to Northern Border
    — Sen. John Hoeven [R-ND] on Apr 8, 2022

the daily leader: tuesday, march 8, 2022
    — Rep. Steny Hoyer [D-MD5] on Mar 7, 2022

More statements at ProPublica Represent...

What stakeholders are saying

R Street Institute estimates H.R. 5681 will add $1 million in new spending through 2026.

Incorporated legislation

This bill incorporates provisions from:

S. 2541: Shadow Wolves Enhancement Act

Ordered Reported on Nov 3, 2021. 76% incorporated. (compare text)


Oct 22, 2021

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

Oct 26, 2021
Ordered Reported

A committee has voted to issue a report to the full chamber recommending that the bill be considered further. Only about 1 in 4 bills are reported out of committee.

Feb 11, 2022
Reported by House Committee on Homeland Security

A committee issued a report on the bill, which often provides helpful explanatory background on the issue addressed by the bill and the bill's intentions.

Mar 4, 2022
Text Published

Updated bill text was published as of Preprint (Suspension).

Mar 8, 2022
Passed House (Senate next)

The bill was passed in a vote in the House. It goes to the Senate next.

Apr 5, 2022
Passed Senate

The bill was passed by both chambers in identical form. It goes to the President next who may sign or veto the bill. The vote was by Unanimous Consent so no record of individual votes was made.

Apr 19, 2022
Enacted — Signed by the President

The President signed the bill and it became law.

H.R. 5681 is a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number H.R. 5681. This is the one from the 117th Congress.

How to cite this information.

We recommend the following MLA-formatted citation when using the information you see here in academic work:

“H.R. 5681 — 117th Congress: Shadow Wolves Enhancement Act.” 2021. December 7, 2022 <>

Where is this information from?

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