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H.R. 657 (117th): District of Columbia National Guard Home Rule Act

About the bill

Washington, D.C. is the only National Guard in the country not to be controlled by the highest-ranking elected official there.


In all 50 U.S. states, the governor can call up their state’s National Guard during an emergency. However, because Washington, D.C. is not a state — despite having a larger population than two actual states — it does not have a governor. The mayor doesn’t control the D.C. National Guard either.

Instead, the president does. This, even though the governors of other U.S. territories including Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Virgin Islands control their own National Guards.

What the legislation does

The District of Columbia National Guard Home Rule Act would give the Washington, D.C. mayor control of the D.C. National Guard, just as governors currently have for …

Sponsor and status

Eleanor Holmes Norton

Sponsor. Representative for the District of Columbia. Democrat.

Read Text »
Last Updated: Feb 1, 2021
Length: 9 pages
Feb 1, 2021
117th Congress (2021–2023)
Died in a previous Congress

This bill was introduced on February 1, 2021, in a previous session of Congress, but it did not receive a vote.

Although this bill was not enacted, its provisions could have become law by being included in another bill. It is common for legislative text to be introduced concurrently in multiple bills (called companion bills), re-introduced in subsequent sessions of Congress in new bills, or added to larger bills (sometimes called omnibus bills).


9 Cosponsors (9 Democrats)



Feb 1, 2021

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

H.R. 657 (117th) was a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number H.R. 657. This is the one from the 117th Congress.

This bill was introduced in the 117th Congress, which met from Jan 3, 2021 to Jan 3, 2023. Legislation not passed by the end of a Congress is cleared from the books.

How to cite this information.

We recommend the following MLA-formatted citation when using the information you see here in academic work:

“H.R. 657 — 117th Congress: District of Columbia National Guard Home Rule Act.” 2021. June 2, 2023 <>

Where is this information from?

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