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H.R. 794: Climate Emergency Act of 2021

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About the bill

Does the climate crisis rise to the level of official national emergency in U.S. law?


Human-caused climate change is real. Many believe that the concurrent environmental effects — such as more frequent and more severe droughts, storms, and wildfires — constitute a “national emergency” in lower case. But does it constitute a “National Emergency” in capital letters?

The National Emergencies Act of 1976 allows a president to declare an official national emergency, which in turn unlocks a number of concurrent presidential powers and authorities. Two of the most prominent national emergencies in American history include the one about terrorism issued by President George W. Bush three days after 9/11, and the one about COVID-19 issued by President Donald Trump in March 2020.

Even as debate …

Sponsor and status

Earl Blumenauer

Sponsor. Representative for Oregon's 3rd congressional district. Democrat.

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Last Updated: Feb 4, 2021
Length: 17 pages
Feb 4, 2021
117th Congress (2021–2023)

Introduced on Feb 4, 2021

This bill is in the first stage of the legislative process. It was introduced into Congress on February 4, 2021. It will typically be considered by committee next before it is possibly sent on to the House or Senate as a whole.

Other activity may have occurred on another bill with identical or similar provisions.


62 Cosponsors (62 Democrats)

4% chance of being enacted according to Skopos Labs (details)

Position statements

What legislators are saying

Blumenauer, Co-Signers Send Letter to President Biden Calling for a National Climate Emergency Declaration
    — Rep. Earl Blumenauer [D-OR3] (Sponsor) on Apr 22, 2022

Pingree Urges Biden to Unleash Every Resource and Declare a National Climate Emergency
    — Rep. Chellie Pingree [D-ME1] (Co-sponsor) on Jul 22, 2022

Congressman DeFazio Joins Colleagues Urging President Biden To Issue National Climate Emergency Declaration
    — Rep. Peter DeFazio [D-OR4] on Jul 22, 2022

More statements at ProPublica Represent...


Feb 4, 2021

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

If this bill has further action, the following steps may occur next:
Passed Committee

Passed House

Passed Senate

Signed by the President

H.R. 794 is a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number H.R. 794. This is the one from the 117th Congress.

How to cite this information.

We recommend the following MLA-formatted citation when using the information you see here in academic work:

“H.R. 794 — 117th Congress: Climate Emergency Act of 2021.” 2021. November 30, 2022 <>

Where is this information from?

GovTrack automatically collects legislative information from a variety of governmental and non-governmental sources. This page is sourced primarily from, the official portal of the United States Congress. is generally updated one day after events occur, and so legislative activity shown here may be one day behind. Data via the congress project.