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H.R. 994: Justice is Not For Sale Act of 2021

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About the bill

Should public governments use private prisons?


As of 2017, 8.2 percent of federal and state prisoners were housed in private prisons. Run by companies with for-profit motives beginning in the 1980s, the institutions have become increasingly controversial in recent years, with attention drawn to cost-cutting measures such as the well-publicized case of maggots in the food.

Critics also say the private prison system encourages mass incarceration, especially in states where judges are elected, because their biggest campaign funders are often private prisons whose incentives are electing particularly punitive judges to hand down especially long sentences.

In August 2016, President Barack Obama’s Justice Department announced it would phase out private prisons for federal inmates. In February 2017, President Donald Trump rescinded that decision, allowing private prisons on …

Sponsor and status

Raúl Grijalva

Sponsor. Representative for Arizona's 3rd congressional district. Democrat.

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Last Updated: Feb 11, 2021
Length: 29 pages
Feb 11, 2021
117th Congress (2021–2023)

Introduced on Feb 11, 2021

This bill is in the first stage of the legislative process. It was introduced into Congress on February 11, 2021. It will typically be considered by committee next before it is possibly sent on to the House or Senate as a whole.

Other activity may have occurred on another bill with identical or similar provisions.


38 Cosponsors (38 Democrats)

4% chance of being enacted according to Skopos Labs (details)


Feb 11, 2021

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

If this bill has further action, the following steps may occur next:
Passed Committee

Passed House

Passed Senate

Signed by the President

H.R. 994 is a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number H.R. 994. This is the one from the 117th Congress.

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“H.R. 994 — 117th Congress: Justice is Not For Sale Act of 2021.” 2021. November 30, 2022 <>

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