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H.Res. 219: Expressing the sense of the House of Representatives that the United Nations should forthwith take the procedural actions necessary to amend Article 23 of the Charter of the United Nations to remove the People’s Republic of China as a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council.


The text of the resolution below is as of Mar 11, 2021 (Introduced).

Summary of this resolution

Should a nation with so many human rights violations hold such power on a body charged with protecting global human rights?

Context

The 15-member United Nations Security Council takes the lead on U.N. matters, including authorizing force and imposing sanctions, in the name of human rights and world peace. Within that group five nations are permanent members who also possess veto power on any item before the Council: the U.S., China, Russia, U.K., and France.

Collectively, those five nations have vetoed 210 resolutions in the organization’s history. Five of the six most recent vetoes involved China, although all those cases involved an additional veto vote from Russia. The last time …


IV

117th CONGRESS

1st Session

H. RES. 219

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

March 11, 2021

submitted the following resolution; which was referred to the Committee on Foreign Affairs

RESOLUTION

Expressing the sense of the House of Representatives that the United Nations should forthwith take the procedural actions necessary to amend Article 23 of the Charter of the United Nations to remove the People’s Republic of China as a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council.

Whereas the United Nations Security Council is charged with maintaining peace and security among the nations of the world;

Whereas the United Nations Security Council currently has five permanent members;

Whereas the primary responsibility of the United Nations Security Council is the maintenance of international peace and security with the least diversion for armaments of the world’s human and economic resources;

Whereas the preamble of the Charter of the United Nations states that we the peoples of the United Nations determined to reaffirm faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person, in the equal rights of men and women and of nations large and small and to practice tolerance and live together in peace with one another as good neighbors;

Whereas the People’s Republic of China has grossly violated these values in their treatment of minorities within the People’s Republic of China, such as the Uyghur people and Tibetans;

Whereas Hong Kong was a beacon of democracy, economic progress, and human development while maintaining separate governing and economic systems from that of mainland China under the principle of one country, two systems;

Whereas the People’s Republic of China’s continued intervention in Hong Kong, including the controversial national security laws for Hong Kong passed by the National People’s Congress on May 28, 2020, further threatens the fundamental human rights and freedoms guaranteed to the people of Hong Kong; and

Whereas the People’s Republic of China lack of transparency and handling of the COVID–19 pandemic resulted in significantly greater lives lost and worldwide economic ruin: Now, therefore, be it

That it is the sense of the House of Representatives that the United Nations should forthwith take the procedural actions necessary to amend Article 23 of the Charter of the United Nations to remove the People’s Republic of China as a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council.