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S. 11: A bill to provide for an exception to a limitation against appointment of persons as Secretary of Defense within seven years of relief from active duty as a regular commissioned officer of the Armed Forces.

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About the bill

Should nominees for the position get to skip the required seven-year wait after their military service ends?

Context and what the bill does

Civilian control of the military is supposed to be one of the fundamental principles of the U.S. system. While the Chair of the Joint Chiefs of Staff is the nation’s top-ranking military official, under federal law, the Secretary of Defense cannot have served in the military within the prior seven years.

That requirement can only be waived by Congress, which has done so twice since World War II. The first instance was for George Marshall’s 1950 appointment in the middle of the Korean War. The second was in 2017 for President Trump’s original nominee, retired four-star Marine general Jim Mattis, who had only ...

Sponsor and status

Charles “Chuck” Schumer

Sponsor. Senior Senator for New York. Democrat.

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Last Updated: Jan 6, 2021
Length: 4 pages
Jan 3, 2021
117th Congress (2021–2023)

Ordered Reported on Jan 6, 2021

The committees assigned to this bill sent it to the House or Senate as a whole for consideration on January 6, 2021.

46% chance of being enacted according to Skopos Labs (details)


Jan 3, 2021

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

Jan 6, 2021
Ordered Reported

A committee has voted to issue a report to the full chamber recommending that the bill be considered further. Only about 1 in 4 bills are reported out of committee.

If this bill has further action, the following steps may occur next:
Passed Senate

Passed House

Signed by the President

S. 11 is a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number S. 11. This is the one from the 117th Congress.

How to cite this information.

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“S. 11 — 117th Congress: A bill to provide for an exception to a limitation against appointment of persons as ...” 2021. January 21, 2021 <>

Where is this information from?

GovTrack automatically collects legislative information from a variety of governmental and non-governmental sources. This page is sourced primarily from, the official portal of the United States Congress. is generally updated one day after events occur, and so legislative activity shown here may be one day behind. Data via the congress project.