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S. 1398: Universal Child Care and Early Learning Act

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About the bill

Apparently these Congress members have never heard the concept of using the television as the babysitter.


In 28 states, an average year of infant childcare costs more than an average year of in-state college tuition, according to estimates from ChildCare Aware of America. (See page 24 of that linked PDF for the relevant table.)

For many parents with young children, these high costs are prohibitive, forcing even parents who may want to work to instead stay at home with the children.

In 2020, the labor force participation rate for mothers with children under age six was 65.8 percent, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. That’s lower than the 71.2 percent rate when including mothers with children up through age 18, once childcare costs no longer …

Sponsor and status

Elizabeth Warren

Sponsor. Senior Senator for Massachusetts. Democrat.

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Last Updated: Apr 27, 2021
Length: 135 pages
Apr 27, 2021
117th Congress (2021–2023)

Introduced on Apr 27, 2021

This bill is in the first stage of the legislative process. It was introduced into Congress on April 27, 2021. It will typically be considered by committee next before it is possibly sent on to the House or Senate as a whole.

Other activity may have occurred on another bill with identical or similar provisions.


7 Cosponsors (6 Democrats, 1 Independent)

4% chance of being enacted according to Skopos Labs (details)


Apr 27, 2021

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

If this bill has further action, the following steps may occur next:
Passed Committee

Passed Senate

Passed House

Signed by the President

S. 1398 is a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number S. 1398. This is the one from the 117th Congress.

How to cite this information.

We recommend the following MLA-formatted citation when using the information you see here in academic work:

“S. 1398 — 117th Congress: Universal Child Care and Early Learning Act.” 2021. November 30, 2022 <>

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GovTrack automatically collects legislative information from a variety of governmental and non-governmental sources. This page is sourced primarily from, the official portal of the United States Congress. is generally updated one day after events occur, and so legislative activity shown here may be one day behind. Data via the congress project.