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S. 1404: Ghost Army Congressional Gold Medal Act

A bill to award a Congressional Gold Medal to the 23d Headquarters Special Troops and the 3133d Signal Service Company, popularly known as the "Ghost Army", in recognition of their unique and highly distinguished service in conducting deception operations in Europe during World War II.

Sponsor and status

Edward “Ed” Markey

Sponsor. Junior Senator for Massachusetts. Democrat.

Read Text »
Last Updated: Jan 20, 2022
Length: 4 pages
Apr 28, 2021
117th Congress (2021–2023)

Enacted — Signed by the President on Feb 1, 2022

This bill was enacted after being signed by the President on February 1, 2022.

Pub.L. 117-85

71 Cosponsors (37 Democrats, 32 Republicans, 2 Independents)


Position statements

What legislators are saying

the daily leader: wednesday, january 19, 2022
    — Rep. Steny Hoyer [D-MD5] on Jan 18, 2022

THIS WEEK IN CONGRESS - January 21, 2022
    — Rep. Gregorio Sablan [D-MP] on Jan 24, 2022

the weekly leader: friday, january 14, 2022
    — Rep. Steny Hoyer [D-MD5] on Jan 14, 2022

More statements at ProPublica Represent...

What stakeholders are saying

R Street Institute estimates new spending due to S. 1404 will be negligible.

Incorporated legislation

This bill incorporates provisions from:

H.R. 707: Ghost Army Congressional Gold Medal Act

Passed House (Senate next) on May 18, 2021. 83% incorporated. (compare text)


Apr 28, 2021

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

Dec 15, 2021
Passed Senate (House next)

The bill was passed in a vote in the Senate. It goes to the House next. The vote was by Unanimous Consent so no record of individual votes was made.

Jan 14, 2022
Text Published

Updated bill text was published as of Preprint (Suspension).

Jan 19, 2022
Passed House

The bill was passed by both chambers in identical form. It goes to the President next who may sign or veto the bill. The vote was by voice vote so no record of individual votes was made.

Feb 1, 2022
Enacted — Signed by the President

The President signed the bill and it became law.

S. 1404 is a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number S. 1404. This is the one from the 117th Congress.

How to cite this information.

We recommend the following MLA-formatted citation when using the information you see here in academic work:

“S. 1404 — 117th Congress: Ghost Army Congressional Gold Medal Act.” 2021. August 8, 2022 <>

Where is this information from?

GovTrack automatically collects legislative information from a variety of governmental and non-governmental sources. This page is sourced primarily from, the official portal of the United States Congress. is generally updated one day after events occur, and so legislative activity shown here may be one day behind. Data via the congress project.