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S. 1432: POWER ON Act of 2021


The text of the bill below is as of Apr 28, 2021 (Introduced).


II

117th CONGRESS

1st Session

S. 1432

IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

April 28, 2021

(for himself and Mr. Padilla) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources

A BILL

To require the Secretary of Energy to establish an electric grid resilience grant program and an electric grid resilience research and development program.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Preventing Outages With Enhanced Resilience and Operations Nationwide Act of 2021 or the POWER ON Act of 2021.

2.

Electric grid resilience grants

(a)

Definitions

In this section:

(1)

Eligible entity

The term eligible entity means—

(A)

an electric grid operator;

(B)

an electricity generator;

(C)

a transmission owner or operator;

(D)

a distribution provider;

(E)

a fuel supplier; and

(F)

any other relevant entity, as determined by the Secretary.

(2)

Extreme weather

(A)

In general

The term extreme weather means a weather phenomenon that—

(i)

occurs outside of the historical frequency prior to 1990; or

(ii)

is unexpected, unusual, severe, or unseasonal.

(B)

Inclusions

The term extreme weather includes—

(i)

a tornado;

(ii)

a thunderstorm;

(iii)

an ice storm;

(iv)

a heat wave;

(v)

flooding;

(vi)

drought;

(vii)

high winds; and

(viii)

mudslides.

(3)

Indian Tribe

The term Indian Tribe has the meaning given the term in section 4 of the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 5304).

(4)

Resilience event

The term resilience event means an event in which, due to extreme weather, a wildfire, or any other natural disaster, operations of the electric grid are disrupted, preventively shut off, or cannot operate safely.

(5)

Secretary

The term Secretary means the Secretary of Energy.

(6)

State

The term State means—

(A)

a State;

(B)

the District of Columbia; and

(C)

any territory of the United States.

(b)

Establishment

(1)

In general

Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall establish an electric grid resilience program under which the Secretary shall provide grants to States and Indian Tribes to award grants to eligible entities to carry out projects that enhance the physical resilience of the electric grid.

(2)

Annual application

(A)

In general

To be eligible to receive a grant under this subsection for a fiscal year, a State or Indian Tribe shall submit to the Secretary an application for that fiscal year that describes the criteria and methods that will be used by the State or Indian Tribe to award electric grid resilience grants to eligible entities.

(B)

Requirement

The Secretary shall use amounts appropriated under subsection (f) for a fiscal year to provide grants under this subsection only to States and Indian Tribes that have submitted an application under subparagraph (A) for that fiscal year.

(3)

Distribution of funds

(A)

In general

The Secretary shall provide grants to States and Indian Tribes under this subsection based on a formula determined by the Secretary, in accordance with subparagraph (B).

(B)

Requirement

The formula referred to in subparagraph (A) shall be based on the following factors:

(i)

The total population of the State or Indian Tribe.

(ii)

The probability of resilience events in the State or on the land of the Indian Tribe during the previous 10 years, as determined based on the number of federally declared disasters or emergencies in the State or on the land of the Indian Tribe, as applicable, including—

(I)

disasters for which Fire Management Assistance Grants are provided under section 420 of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5187);

(II)

major disasters declared by the President under section 401 of that Act (42 U.S.C. 5170);

(III)

emergencies declared by the President under section 501 of that Act (42 U.S.C. 5191); and

(IV)

any other federally declared disaster or emergency in the State or on the land of the Indian Tribe.

(iii)

The number and severity, measured by population and economic impacts, of resilience events experienced by the State or Indian Tribe on or after January 1, 2011.

(iv)

The total amount, on a per capita basis, of public and private expenditures during the previous 10 years to carry out mitigation efforts to reduce the likelihood and consequences of resilience events in the State or on the land of the Indian Tribe, with States or Indian Tribes with higher per capita expenditures receiving additional weight or consideration as compared to States or Indian Tribes with lower per capita expenditures.

(4)

Annual update of data used in distribution of funds

Beginning 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall annually update—

(A)

all data relating to the factors described in paragraph (3)(B); and

(B)

all other data used in distributing grants to States and Indian Tribes under this subsection.

(5)

Matching funds

A State or Indian Tribe that receives a grant under this subsection shall be required to match not less than 15 percent of the amount of the grant.

(6)

Plan required

The Secretary shall ensure that each grant provided to a State or Indian Tribe under this subsection will—

(A)

be allocated in accordance with a published State or Indian Tribe plan that—

(i)

is adopted by the State or Indian Tribe after notice and a public hearing; and

(ii)

describes the proposed funding distributions and recipients of the electric grid resilience grants to be provided by the State or Indian Tribe; and

(B)

be allocated, pursuant to the applicable State or Indian Tribe plan, to eligible entities for projects within the State or on the land of the Indian Tribe, as applicable.

(7)

Administrative expenses

(A)

In general

Of any amounts made available to the Secretary to carry out the program established under paragraph (1) for a fiscal year, the Secretary may use not more than 10 percent for the administrative expenses of carrying out that program.

(B)

Grant amounts

Not more than 10 percent of the amount of a grant provided by the Secretary to a State or Indian Tribe under this subsection may be used for administrative expenses.

(c)

Use of grants

(1)

In general

A grant awarded to an eligible entity under the electric grid resilience program established under subsection (b)(1) may be used for activities, technologies, equipment, and hardening measures to enable the electric grid to better withstand the effects of extreme weather, a wildfire, or any other natural disaster, including—

(A)

weatherization technologies and equipment;

(B)

fire-resistant technologies and fire prevention systems;

(C)

monitoring technologies;

(D)

the undergrounding of electrical equipment;

(E)

utility pole management;

(F)

the relocation of power lines;

(G)

vegetation and fuel-load management;

(H)

the use or construction of distributed energy resources for enhancing system adaptive capacity during extreme weather events, including—

(i)

microgrids; and

(ii)

battery-storage subcomponents;

(I)

adaptive protection technologies; and

(J)

advanced modeling technologies.

(2)

Prohibited uses

(A)

In general

A grant awarded to an eligible entity under the electric grid resilience program established under subsection (b)(1) may not be used for—

(i)

construction of a new—

(I)

electric generating facility; or

(II)

large-scale battery-storage facility that is not used for enhancing system adaptive capacity during extreme weather events; or

(ii)

cybersecurity.

(B)

Certain investments eligible for recovery

(i)

In general

An eligible entity may not seek cost recovery for the portion of the cost of any system, technology, or equipment that is funded through a grant awarded under the electric grid resilience program established under subsection (b)(1).

(ii)

Savings provision

Nothing in this subparagraph prohibits an eligible entity from recovering through traditional or incentive-based ratemaking any portion of an investment in a system, technology, or equipment that is not funded by a grant awarded under the electric grid resilience program established under subsection (b)(1).

(d)

Evaluation of funded projects

The Secretary shall carry out periodic evaluations of—

(1)

the electric grid resilience program established under subsection (b)(1); and

(2)

the projects carried out by eligible entities receiving grants under that program.

(e)

Annual report to Congress

(1)

In general

Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report describing the electric grid resilience program established under subsection (b)(1), including the results of the periodic evaluations carried out under subsection (d).

(2)

Requirements

The report under paragraph (1) shall include information and data provided by each State or Indian Tribe receiving a grant from the Secretary under subsection (b) on—

(A)

the costs of the projects for which grants are awarded to eligible entities by States or Indian Tribes under that subsection; and

(B)

the types of activities, technologies, equipment, and hardening measures funded by those grants.

(f)

Authorization of appropriations

There is authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary to carry out this section $100,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2022 through 2026.

3.

Electric grid resilience research and development

(a)

In general

Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Energy (referred to in this section as the Secretary) shall establish a research, development, demonstration, and commercial application program to enhance resilience and strengthen emergency response and management of the electric grid.

(b)

Grants

Under the program established under subsection (a), the Secretary shall award competitive grants to eligible entities described in subsection (c) to conduct research, development, demonstration, and commercial application activities to improve the resilience of the electric grid by developing technologies and capabilities to withstand and address the current and projected impact on electric grid infrastructure of—

(1)

extreme weather (as defined in section 2(a));

(2)

wildfires; and

(3)

other natural disasters.

(c)

Eligible entities

An entity eligible to receive a grant under subsection (b) is—

(1)

an institution of higher education, including a historically Black college or university and a minority-serving institution;

(2)

a nonprofit organization;

(3)

a National Laboratory;

(4)

a unit of State, local, or Tribal government;

(5)

an electric utility or electric cooperative;

(6)

a retail service provider of electricity;

(7)

a private commercial entity;

(8)

a partnership or consortium of 2 or more entities described in any of paragraphs (1) through (7); and

(9)

any other entity the Secretary determines to be appropriate.