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S. 2121: Courtroom Dogs Act

The text of the bill below is as of Jun 17, 2021 (Introduced).



1st Session

S. 2121


June 17, 2021

(for himself and Mrs. Feinstein) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on the Judiciary


To develop best practice guidelines for the use of dogs in Federal courts, and for other purposes.


Short title

This Act may be cited as the Courtroom Dogs Act.


Best practice guidelines for the use of dogs in Federal courts


Definition of qualified training organization

In this section, the term qualified training organization means an organization that—


meets the requirements of section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986;


is exempt from taxation under section 501(a) of such Code; and


includes staff members with knowledge about—


the criminal justice system; and


the breeding, training, and placement of facility dog teams that have graduated from a qualified assistance dog organization.


Best practice guidelines

Not later than 18 months after the date of enactment of this Act, the Attorney General shall develop and publish best practices for the use of dogs to provide support for defendants, complainants, and witnesses in Federal courtrooms and grand jury rooms, which shall include guidelines for—


avoiding prejudice;


addressing whether and when dog handlers should be required, and what training, credentials, or experience should be required;


stating what experience, training, or certification should be required for the dogs;


addressing liability concerns; and


ensuring the dog or handler will not unduly interfere with the management of the case or any other court operations.



In carrying out subsection (b), the Attorney General may consult with the judiciary branch, Federal, State, and local law enforcement agencies and prosecutors, defense-side professionals, and experts in the field, including a qualified training organization.



Not later than 60 days after the date on which the best practice guidelines required under subsection (b) are published, the Attorney General shall issue guidance informing all United States attorneys of the best practice guidelines and recommending the implementation of the guidelines.


Rules of construction

Nothing in this section shall be construed to prevent a court of the United States from—


providing any other accommodation to a witness or other person in accordance with applicable law; or


retaining control of the courtroom.