IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES
February 3, 2021
Mr. Merkley (for himself, Ms. Warren, Mrs. Gillibrand, Mr. Wyden, Mrs. Feinstein, and Mr. Heinrich) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Environment and Public Works
To direct the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency to establish a grant program to award grants to eligible entities to purchase and install, as applicable, zero emissions port equipment and technology, and for other purposes.
This Act may be cited as the
Climate Smart Ports Act of 2021.
Climate smart ports grant program
In this section:
The term active duty has the meaning given the term in section 101(d) of title 10, United States Code.
The term Administrator means the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency.
Alternative emissions control technology
The term alternative emissions control technology means a technology, technique, or measure that—
captures the emissions of nitrogen oxide, particulate matter, reactive organic compounds, and greenhouse gases from the auxiliary engine and auxiliary boiler of an ocean-going vessel at berth;
is verified or approved by a State or Federal air quality regulatory agency;
the use of which achieves at least the equivalent reduction of emissions as the use of shore power for an ocean-going vessel at berth;
the use of which results in reducing emissions of the auxiliary engine of an ocean-going vessel at berth to a rate of less than—
2.8 grams per kilowatt-hour for nitrogen oxide;
0.03 grams per kilowatt-hour for fine particulate matter (PM2.5); and
0.1 grams per kilowatt-hour for reactive organic compounds; and
reduces the emissions of the auxiliary engine and boiler of an ocean-going vessel at berth by at least 80 percent of the default emissions rate, which is, as of the date of enactment of this Act, 13.8 grams per kilowatt-hour.
The term criteria pollutant means—
sulfur dioxide; and
Distributed energy resource
The term distributed energy resource means an energy resource that—
is located on or near a customer site;
is operated on the customer side of the electric meter; and
is interconnected with the electric grid.
The term distributed energy resource includes—
clean electric generation;
customer electric efficiency measures;
electric demand flexibility; and
The term eligible entity means—
a port authority;
a State, regional, local, or Tribal agency that has jurisdiction over a port authority or a port;
an air pollution control district or air quality management district; and
a private or nonprofit entity, applying for a grant awarded under this section in collaboration with another entity described in subparagraphs (A) through (C), that owns or uses cargo or transportation equipment at a port.
Energy storage system
The term energy storage system means a system, piece of equipment, facility, or technology that—
is capable of absorbing energy, storing energy for a period of time, and dispatching that stored energy; and
uses a mechanical, electrical, chemical, electrochemical, or thermal process to store energy that—
was generated at an earlier time for use at a later time; or
was generated from a mechanical process, and would otherwise be wasted, for delivery at a later time.
Fully automated cargo handling equipment
The term fully automated cargo handling equipment means cargo handling equipment that—
is remotely operated or remotely monitored; and
with respect to the use of that equipment, does not require the exercise of human intervention or control.
Major urban area
The term major urban area means a metropolitan statistical area within the United States with an estimated population of 1,500,000 or more.
The term nonattainment area has the meaning given the term in section 171 of the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 7501).
The term port includes a maritime port and an inland port.
The term port authority means a governmental or quasi-governmental authority formed by a legislative body to operate a port.
Project labor agreement
The term project labor agreement means a pre-hire collective bargaining agreement with 1 or more labor organization that—
establishes the terms and conditions of employment for a specific construction project; and
is described in section 8(f) of the National Labor Relations Act (29 U.S.C. 158(f)).
The term registered apprentice means a person who is participating in a registered apprenticeship program.
Registered apprenticeship program
The term registered apprenticeship program means a program registered under the Act of August 16, 1937 (commonly known as the “National Apprenticeship Act”; 50 Stat. 664, chapter 663; 29 U.S.C. 50 et seq.).
The term shore power means the provision of shoreside electrical power to a ship at berth that has shut down main and auxiliary engines.
State Apprenticeship Agency
The term State Apprenticeship Agency has the meaning given the term in section 29.2 of title 29, Code of Federal Regulations (as in effect on January 1, 2020).
Zero emissions port equipment and technology
The term zero emissions port equipment and technology means equipment and technology that—
is used at a port; and
produces zero exhaust emissions of—
any criteria pollutant and precursor of a criteria pollutant; and
any greenhouse gas, other than water vapor; or
captures 100 percent of the exhaust emissions produced by an ocean-going vessel at berth.
The term zero emissions port equipment and technology includes—
any equipment that handles cargo;
a drayage truck that transports cargo;
a train that transports cargo;
port harbor craft;
a distributed energy resource;
an energy storage system;
electrical charging infrastructure;
shore power or an alternative emissions control technology; and
an electric transport refrigeration unit.
Subject to the availability of appropriations, not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this section, the Administrator shall establish a grant program to award grants to eligible entities to purchase and install, as applicable, zero emissions port equipment and technology.
To be eligible to receive a grant under this section, an eligible entity shall submit to the Administrator an application at such time, in such manner, and containing such information as the Administrator may require.
The Administrator shall prioritize awarding grants under this section to eligible entities based on—
the degree to which the proposed use of the grant will—
reduce greenhouse gas emissions;
reduce emissions of any criteria pollutant and precursor of a criteria pollutant;
reduce hazardous air pollutant emissions; and
reduce public health disparities in communities that receive a disproportionate quantity of air pollution from a port;
the amount of matching, non-Federal funds expected to be used by an applicant to purchase and install, as applicable, zero emissions port equipment and technology;
whether the applicant will use the grant to purchase and install, as applicable, zero emissions port equipment and technology that is produced in the United States;
whether the applicant will meet the utilization requirements for registered apprentices established by the Secretary of Labor or a State Apprenticeship Agency, as applicable; and
whether the applicant will recruit and retain skilled workers through a State-approved joint labor-management apprenticeship program, as applicable.
Use of funds
A grant awarded under this section shall be used to purchase and install, as applicable, zero emissions port equipment and technology.
An eligible entity may not use a grant awarded under this section to purchase or install fully automated cargo handling equipment or terminal infrastructure that is designed for fully automated cargo handling equipment.
Human-operated zero emissions port equipment and technology
Nothing in subparagraph (A) prohibits an eligible entity from using a grant awarded under this section to purchase human-operated zero emissions port equipment and technology or infrastructure that supports the human-operated zero emissions port equipment and technology.
Except as provided in subparagraph (B), an eligible entity may not use a grant awarded under this section to cover more than 70 percent of the cost of purchasing and installing, as applicable, zero emissions port equipment and technology.
With respect to a grant of $3,000,000 or more, an eligible entity may use the grant to cover not more than 85 percent of the cost of purchasing and installing zero emissions port equipment and technology if that eligible entity certifies to the Administrator that—
the grant will be used, at least in part, to employ laborers or mechanics to install zero emissions port equipment and technology; and
the eligible entity is a party to a project labor agreement or requires that each subgrantee of the eligible entity, and any subgrantee of that subgrantee at any tier, that performs the installation participate in a project labor agreement.
An eligible entity that uses a grant awarded under this section to install zero emissions port equipment and technology shall ensure, to the greatest extent practicable, that any subgrantee of the eligible entity, and any subgrantee of that subgrantee, at any tier, that carries out the installation employs at least 40 percent of the laborers or mechanics for the installation from among individuals who—
if the applicable installation area is a major urban area, not further than 15 miles from the installation area; and
if the applicable installation area is not a major urban area, not further than 50 miles from the installation area;
are displaced and unemployed energy workers;
are members of the Armed Forces serving on active duty, separated from active duty, or retired from active duty;
have been incarcerated or served time in a juvenile or adult detention or correctional facility, or been placed on probation, community supervision, or in a diversion scheme;
have a disability;
are receiving public assistance;
lack a general education diploma or high school diploma;
are emancipated from the foster care system; or
are registered apprentices with fewer than 15 percent of the required graduating apprentice hours in a program.
All laborers and mechanics employed by a subgrantee of an eligible entity, and any subgrantee of a subgrantee at any tier, to perform construction, alteration, installation, or repair work that is assisted, in whole or in part, by a grant awarded under this section, shall be paid wages at rates not less than those prevailing on similar construction, alteration, installation, or repair work in the locality as determined by the Secretary of Labor in accordance with subchapter IV of chapter 31 of title 40, United States Code.
With respect to the labor standards in this subsection, the Secretary of Labor shall have the authority and functions set forth in Reorganization Plan Numbered 14 of 1950 (64 Stat. 1267; 5 U.S.C. App.) and section 3145 of title 40, United States Code.
Not later than 90 days after funds are made available to carry out this section, the Administrator shall develop and carry out an educational outreach program to promote and explain the grant program established under subsection (b) to prospective grant recipients.
In carrying out the outreach program developed under paragraph (1), the Administrator shall—
inform prospective grant recipients how to apply for a grant awarded under this section;
describe to prospective grant recipients the benefits of available zero emissions port equipment and technology;
explain to prospective grant recipients the benefits of participating in the grant program established under this section; and
facilitate the sharing of best practices and lessons learned between grant recipients and prospective grant recipients with respect to how to apply for and use grants awarded under this section.
Report to Administrator
Not later than 90 days after the date on which an eligible entity is awarded a grant under this section, that eligible entity shall submit to the Administrator a report containing such information as the Administrator shall require.
Annual report to Congress
Not later than January 31, 2022, and annually thereafter for each calendar year subsequent to a calendar year during which a grant was awarded under this section, the Administrator shall submit to Congress, and make available on the website of the Environmental Protection Agency, a report that includes, with respect to each grant awarded under this section during the preceding calendar year—
the name and location of the eligible entity that was awarded a grant;
the amount of the grant that the eligible entity was awarded;
the name and location of the port where the zero emissions port equipment and technology that was purchased and installed, as applicable, with the grant was used;
an estimate of the impact of the zero emissions port equipment and technology on reducing—
greenhouse gas emissions;
emissions of criteria pollutants and precursors of criteria pollutants;
hazardous air pollutant emissions; and
public health disparities; and
any other information the Administrator determines is necessary to understand the impact of grants awarded under this section.
Authorization of appropriations
There is authorized to be appropriated to the Administrator to carry out this section $1,000,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2022 through 2031.
To the maximum extent practicable, 25 percent of amounts made available to carry out this section in each fiscal year shall be used to award grants to eligible entities to provide zero emissions port equipment and technology to ports that are in nonattainment areas.
Energy Policy Act of 2005 authorization of appropriations for port authorities
Section 797 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 16137) is amended by adding at the end the following:
In addition to amounts made available under subsection (a), there is authorized to be appropriated $50,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2022 through 2026 to award grants, rebates, or loans under section 792 to eligible entities to carry out projects that reduce emissions at ports.