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S. 2460: Solving an Overlooked Loophole in Votes for Executives (SOLVE) Act


The text of the bill below is as of Jul 22, 2021 (Introduced).


II

117th CONGRESS

1st Session

S. 2460

IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

July 22, 2021

(for himself and Mr. King) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Rules and Administration

A BILL

To establish a panel of constitutional experts to recommend to Congress an appropriate process for providing for the case of the death of a candidate in a contingent presidential or vice-presidential election.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Solving an Overlooked Loophole in Votes for Executives (SOLVE) Act.

2.

Establishment of a panel

(a)

Establishment

There is established the Twentieth Amendment Section Four Panel (in this Act referred to as the Panel).

(b)

Membership

(1)

In general

The Panel shall be composed of 6 constitutional experts, of whom—

(A)

1 shall be appointed by the majority leader of the Senate;

(B)

1 shall be appointed by the minority leader of the Senate;

(C)

1 shall be appointed jointly by the majority and minority leader of the Senate;

(D)

1 shall be appointed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives;

(E)

1 shall be appointed by minority leader of the House of Representatives; and

(F)

1 shall be appointed jointly by the Speaker of the House of Representatives and the minority leader of the House of Representatives.

(2)

Date

The appointments of the members of the Panel shall be made not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act.

(3)

Vacancy

Any vacancy occurring in the membership of the Panel shall be filled in the same manner in which the original appointment was made.

(4)

Chairperson and Vice Chairperson

The Panel shall select a Chairperson and Vice Chairperson from among the members of the Panel.

(c)

Purpose

The purpose of the Panel shall be to recommend to Congress model legislation, which shall provide for an appropriate process, pursuant to section 4 of the Twentieth Amendment to the United States Constitution, to resolve any vacancy created by the death of a candidate in a contingent presidential or vice-presidential election.

(d)

Reports

(1)

Initial report

Not later than 1 year after the date on which all of the appointments have been made under subsection (b)(2), the Panel shall submit to Congress an interim report containing the Panel’s findings, conclusions, and recommendations.

(2)

Final report

Not later than 6 months after the submission of the interim report under paragraph (1), the Panel shall submit to Congress a final report containing the Panel’s findings, conclusions, and recommendations.

(e)

Meetings; information

(1)

In general

Meetings of the Panel shall be held at the Law Library of Congress.

(2)

Information

The Panel may secure from the Law Library of Congress such information as the Panel considers necessary to carry out the provisions of this section.

(f)

Funds

(1)

Compensation of members

Members of the Panel shall receive no compensation.

(2)

Other funding

No amounts shall be appropriated for the purposes of this Act, except for any amounts strictly necessary for the Law Library of Congress to execute its responsibilities under subsection (e).

(g)

Termination

(1)

In general

The panel established under subsection (a) shall terminate 90 days after the date on which the panel submits the final report required under subsection (d)(2).

(2)

Records

Upon termination of the panel, all of its records shall become the records of the Secretary of the Senate and the Clerk of the House of Representatives.