IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES
August 5, 2021
Mr. Schatz (for himself, Mr. Tillis, Mr. Cornyn, and Mr. Blumenthal) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on the Judiciary
To establish cybercrime reporting mechanisms, and for other purposes.
This Act may be cited as the
Better Cybercrime Metrics Act.
Congress finds the following:
Public polling indicates that cybercrime could be the most common crime in the United States.
The United States lacks comprehensive cybercrime data and monitoring, leaving the country less prepared to combat cybercrime that threatens national and economic security.
In addition to existing cybercrime vulnerabilities, the people of the United States and the United States have faced a heightened risk of cybercrime during the COVID–19 pandemic.
Subsection (c) of the Uniform Federal Crime Reporting Act of 1988 (34 U.S.C. 41303(c)) requires the Attorney General to
acquire, collect, classify, and preserve national data on Federal criminal offenses as part of the Uniform Crime Reports and requires all Federal departments and agencies that investigate criminal activity to
report details about crime within their respective jurisdiction to the Attorney General in a uniform matter and on a form prescribed by the Attorney General.
Not later than 90 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Attorney General shall seek to enter into an agreement with the National Academy of Sciences to develop a taxonomy for the purpose of categorizing different types of cybercrime and cyber-enabled crime faced by individuals and businesses.
In developing the taxonomy under subsection (a), the National Academy of Sciences shall—
ensure the taxonomy is useful for the Federal Bureau of Investigation to classify cybercrime in the National Incident-Based Reporting System, or any successor system;
consult relevant stakeholders, including—
the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency of the Department of Homeland Security;
Federal, State, and local law enforcement agencies;
criminologists and academics;
cybercrime experts; and
business leaders; and
take into consideration relevant taxonomies developed by non-governmental organizations, international organizations, academies, or other entities.
Not later than 1 year after the date on which the Attorney General enters into an agreement under subsection (a), the National Academy of Sciences shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report detailing and summarizing—
the taxonomy developed under subsection (a); and
any findings from the process of developing the taxonomy under subsection (a).
Authorization of appropriations
There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section $1,000,000.
Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the Attorney General shall establish a category in the National Incident-Based Reporting System, or any successor system, for the collection of cybercrime and cyber-enabled crime reports from Federal, State, and local officials.
In establishing the category required under subsection (a), the Attorney General shall, as appropriate, incorporate recommendations from the taxonomy developed under section 3(a).
National Crime Victimization Survey
Not later than 540 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Director of the Bureau of Justice Statistics, in coordination with the Director of the Bureau of the Census, shall include questions relating to cybercrime victimization in the National Crime Victimization Survey.
Authorization of appropriations
There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section $2,000,000.
GAO Study on cybercrime metrics
Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to Congress a report that assesses—
the effectiveness of reporting mechanisms for cybercrime and cyber-enabled crime in the United States; and
disparities in reporting data between—
data relating to cybercrime and cyber-enabled crime; and
other types of crime data.