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S. 2640: Disease X Act

The text of the bill below is as of Aug 5, 2021 (Introduced).



1st Session

S. 2640


August 5, 2021

(for herself, Mr. Casey, Mr. King, and Ms. Smith) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions


To establish a program for developing medical countermeasures for unknown viral threats.


Short title

This Act may be cited as the Disease X Act.


Medical countermeasures for unknown viral threats


In general

The Secretary of Health and Human Services (referred to in this section as the Secretary), acting through the Director of the Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority, in coordination and consultation with the relevant offices and agencies participating in the Public Health Emergency Medical Countermeasures Enterprise, shall establish a Disease X Medical Countermeasures program for purposes of developing medical countermeasures, including therapeutics, diagnostics, and vaccines, for unknown viral threats.



Pursuant to the program established under subsection (a)—


the Secretary shall consult with the Public Health Emergency Medical Countermeasures Enterprise regarding any investment strategies;


the Department of Health and Human Services shall be the agency with primary responsibility concerning medical countermeasures needed to protect the diverse public of the United States, including children and other at-risk populations; and


the Secretary shall consult with the Secretary of Defense concerning medical countermeasures targeted to the protection of military personnel.


Accessibility and equity

To protect the diverse public of the United States, the Secretary shall prioritize equity and accessibility, including ease of administration and distribution, in the development of medical countermeasures.


Grant program


In general

To carry out the program under this section, the Secretary may award grants, contracts, and cooperative agreements to, and enter into other transactions with, eligible entities.



To be eligible to receive a grant, contract, or cooperative agreement under this subsection, or to enter into another transaction with the Secretary under this subsection, an entity shall be based in the United States and shall maintain domestic research and development and manufacturing operations.



Not fewer than 25 percent of the recipients of grants under this subsection shall be eligible entities with 500 or fewer employees.


Authorization of appropriations

To carry out this section, there are authorized to be appropriated $500,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2022 through 2025.