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S. 3241: HACT Act

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About the bill

You still couldn’t sue the 1970s teenagers who used toy whistles to hack phone companies and make free long-distance calls.


An Ethiopian-born American citizen living in Maryland, named in court by the pseudonym Kidane, saw his computer allegedly hacked by the Ethiopian government which spied on him for at least several months. In an unprecedented legal case, the District Columbia Court of Appeals ruled in 2017’s Kidane v. Ethiopia that he could not sue the Ethiopian government in U.S. court, because the action didn’t occur entirely in the U.S.

“Ethiopia’s placement of the FinSpy virus on Kidane’s computer, although completed in the United States when Kidane opened the infected email attachment, began outside the United States,” Judge Karen LeCraft Henderson wrote for the majority opinion. “It …

Sponsor and status

John Neely Kennedy

Sponsor. Junior Senator for Louisiana. Republican.

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Last Updated: Nov 18, 2021
Length: 3 pages
Nov 18, 2021
117th Congress (2021–2023)

Introduced on Nov 18, 2021

This bill is in the first stage of the legislative process. It was introduced into Congress on November 18, 2021. It will typically be considered by committee next before it is possibly sent on to the House or Senate as a whole.

Other activity may have occurred on another bill with identical or similar provisions.

2% chance of being enacted according to Skopos Labs (details)


Nov 18, 2021

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

If this bill has further action, the following steps may occur next:
Passed Committee

Passed Senate

Passed House

Signed by the President

S. 3241 is a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number S. 3241. This is the one from the 117th Congress.

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“S. 3241 — 117th Congress: HACT Act.” 2021. November 28, 2022 <>

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