IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES
December 2, 2021
Mr. Hawley (for himself, Mr. Cornyn, Mr. Tillis, Mr. Scott of Florida, Mr. Tuberville, Mr. Braun, and Mrs. Hyde-Smith) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs
To analyze the impacts of establishing U.S. Customs and Border Protection Preclearance facilities in Taiwan and in other Indo-Pacific countries.
This Act may be cited as the
Taiwan Preclearance Act.
Congress makes the following findings:
U.S. Customs and Border Protection preclearance stations U.S. Customs and Border Protection officers and specialists at foreign airports to inspect travelers prior to boarding United States-bound flight.
More than 600 U.S. Customs and Border Protection officers and specialists are stationed in Aruba, The Bahamas, Bermuda, Canada, Ireland, and The United Arab Emirates.
A preclearance program at Taiwan’s Taoyuan International Airport (TPE) would signal Taiwan’s importance to the United States and compliance with international aviation rules.
In 2012, the United States announced Taiwan’s designation for participation in the Visa Waiver Program, which allows for Taiwanese passport holders to enter and remain in the United States for up to 90 days obtaining a United States visa.
In 2017, Taiwan became the third location in East Asia and the 12th nation worldwide to be eligible for the Global Entry program, which allows for expedited immigration and customs clearance and pre-approval.
Sense of Congress
It is the sense of Congress that—
Taiwan is a steadfast partner of the United States in the common pursuit of a free and open Indo-Pacific region; and
the United States should prioritize the establishment of preclearance facilities and other security programs with allies and partners in the Indo-Pacific region, including Taiwan.
The term appropriate congressional committees means—
the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate;
the Committee on Finance of the Senate;
the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate;
the Committee on Homeland Security of the House of Representatives; and
the Committee on Ways and Means of the House of Representatives.
Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Homeland Security, in consultation with the Secretary of Commerce, shall submit a report to the appropriate congressional committees that—
describes the plan for the establishment of a preclearance facility in Taiwan or in other countries in the Indo-Pacific region;
analyzes the feasibility and advisability for the establishment of a preclearance facility in Taiwan;
assesses the impacts that preclearance operations in Taiwan will have on—
trade between the United States and Taiwan, including the impact on established supply chains;
the tourism industry in the United States, including the potential impact on revenue and tourist-related commerce;
United States and foreign passengers traveling to the United States for business-related activities;
cost savings and potential market access by expanding operations into the Indo-Pacific region;
opportunities for government-to-government collaboration available in Taiwan after preclearance operations are established; and
U.S. Customs and Border Patrol international and domestic port of entry staffing; and
includes country-specific information on the anticipated homeland security benefits and the security vulnerabilities associated with conducting preclearance operations in Taiwan.