IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES
December 16, 2021
Mr. Manchin (for himself and Mr. Barrasso) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources
To require the Secretary of Energy to establish a program to provide Federal financial assistance to support advanced nuclear reactors and associated supply chain infrastructure, and for other purposes.
This Act may be cited as the
Fission for the Future Act of 2021.
Advanced Nuclear Technologies Federal Financial Assistance Program
In this section:
Advanced nuclear reactor
The term advanced nuclear reactor has the meaning given the term in section 951(b) of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 16271(b)).
The term electric utility has the meaning given the term in section 3 of the Federal Power Act (16 U.S.C. 796).
The term eligible entity means each of—
an Indian Tribe (as defined in section 4 of the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 5304));
a Tribal Organization (as defined in section 4 of the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 5304));
a unit of local government;
an electric utility;
a National Laboratory;
an institution of higher education; and
a private entity specializing in—
advanced nuclear technology development;
nuclear supply chains; or
with respect to nuclear technologies and nonelectric applications of nuclear technologies, construction, project financing, contract structuring and risk allocation, or regulatory and licensing processes.
Institution of higher education
The term institution of higher education has the meaning given the term in section 101(a) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001(a)).
The term National Laboratory has the meaning given the term in section 2 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 15801).
The term program means the program established under subsection (b)(1).
The term Secretary means the Secretary of Energy.
Establishment of program
The Secretary shall establish a program to provide Federal financial assistance to eligible entities to support the commercial planning, licensing, development, and construction, and construction planning, of—
advanced nuclear reactors for the purpose of enhancing grid resilience, reliability, and security while also seeking to reduce emissions; or
supply chain infrastructure associated with advanced nuclear reactors or related technologies.
To the maximum extent practicable, the Secretary shall carry out the program using a competitive, merit-based review process that is consistent with section 989 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 16353).
An eligible entity desiring Federal financial assistance under the program shall submit to the Secretary an application at such time, in such manner, and containing such information as the Secretary may require.
In selecting eligible entities to receive Federal financial assistance under the program, the Secretary shall give special consideration to projects—
to develop or provide services to support—
project structure models;
models for electricity market analysis;
analysis, planning, and, as appropriate, management of environmental issues at fossil fuel electric generation facilities that are retired or scheduled to retire; and
site planning, review, testing, analysis, and preparation;
to support licensing activities, permitting, and environmental impact studies; and
the construction planning of advanced nuclear reactors; and
planning and construction of transmission and distribution systems;
modernization of generation facilities;
development of microgrids; and
supply chain infrastructure;
infrastructure for nonelectric applications; and
acquisition of relevant rights-of-way.
In selecting eligible entities to receive Federal financial assistance under the program, the Secretary shall give priority to eligible entities that—
plan to carry out projects at or near the site of 1 or more fossil fuel electric generation facilities that are retired or scheduled to retire, including multi-unit facilities that are partially shut down—
to reduce the cost of—
transmission requirements; and
licensing and permitting requirements;
to support the productive reuse of fossil fuel electric generation facilities that are retired or scheduled to retire; and
to sustain and revitalize communities impacted by the closure of fossil fuel electric generation facilities;
plan to support nonelectric applications, including supplying heat for—
hydrogen or other liquid and gaseous fuel or chemical production;
desalination technologies and processes;
district heating; and
other applications, as the Secretary determines to be appropriate;
plan to support supply chain infrastructure, including manufacturing, associated with advanced nuclear reactors or related technologies;
have implemented or demonstrated the ability to successfully implement workforce training or retraining programs to train workers to perform activities described in this section; and
plan to be cost competitive.
Section 988 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 16352) shall apply to Federal financial assistance provided under the program.
Workforce capacity building
Section 954(b) of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 16274(b)) is amended—
in the subsection heading, by striking
graduate each place it appears;
in paragraph (2)(A), by inserting
community colleges, trade schools, registered apprenticeship programs, pre-apprenticeship programs after
in paragraph (3), by striking
2021 through 2025 and inserting
2022 through 2026;
by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (4); and
by inserting after paragraph (2) the following:
In carrying out the subprogram under this subsection, the Secretary may implement traineeships in focus areas that, in the determination of the Secretary, are necessary to support the nuclear energy sector in the United States, including—
research and development;
construction and operation;
associated supply chains; and
workforce training and retraining to support transitioning workforces.