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S. 3481 (117th): Preventing Violence Against Female Inmates Act of 2022

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About the bill

Republicans want to preclude access to gender-aligned places and activities such as bathrooms and sports teams. Should prisons be added to that list?


In January, conservative news and opinion website The Federalist published a leaked draft executive order from the Joe Biden administration which, if issued, would house federal prisoners based on their gender identity, rather than their biological sex.

While this would apply to both transgender men and transgender women alike, the conservative outcry almost entirely focuses on the latter: that is, people who were assigned male at birth but are transgender women. The stated concern is that these prisoners are more likely to abuse, assault, and rape cisgender women at female prisons (despite failing to provide concrete support for these claims).

To be clear, this executive order …

Sponsor and status

Tom Cotton

Sponsor. Junior Senator for Arkansas. Republican.

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Last Updated: Jan 12, 2022
Length: 4 pages
Jan 12, 2022
117th Congress (2021–2023)
Died in a previous Congress

This bill was introduced on January 12, 2022, in a previous session of Congress, but it did not receive a vote.

Although this bill was not enacted, its provisions could have become law by being included in another bill. It is common for legislative text to be introduced concurrently in multiple bills (called companion bills), re-introduced in subsequent sessions of Congress in new bills, or added to larger bills (sometimes called omnibus bills).


5 Cosponsors (5 Republicans)



Jan 12, 2022

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

S. 3481 (117th) was a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number S. 3481. This is the one from the 117th Congress.

This bill was introduced in the 117th Congress, which met from Jan 3, 2021 to Jan 3, 2023. Legislation not passed by the end of a Congress is cleared from the books.

How to cite this information.

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“S. 3481 — 117th Congress: Preventing Violence Against Female Inmates Act of 2022.” 2022. March 21, 2023 <>

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