IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES
February 9, 2022
Mr. Casey (for himself, Mr. Brown, and Ms. Smith) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions
To amend the Higher Education Act of 1965 to provide formula grants to States to improve higher education opportunities for foster youth and homeless youth, and for other purposes.
This Act may be cited as the
Fostering Success in Higher Education Act of 2022.
Formula grants to States to improve higher education opportunities for foster youth and homeless youth
Title VII of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1133 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following:
Grants for Improving Access to and Success in Higher Education for Foster Youth and Homeless Youth
In this part:
The term foster youth—
means an individual whose care and placement is the responsibility of the State or tribal agency that administers a State or tribal plan under part B or E of title IV of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 621 et seq.; 670 et seq.), without regard to whether foster care maintenance payments are made under section 472 of such Act (42 U.S.C. 672) on behalf of the individual; and
includes any individual—
whose care and placement was the responsibility of such a State or tribal agency when, or at any time after, the individual attained 13 years of age, without regard to whether foster care maintenance payments were made under section 472 of such Act (42 U.S.C. 672) on behalf of the individual; and
who is no longer under the care and responsibility of such a State or tribal agency, without regard to any subsequent adoption, guardianship arrangement, or other form of permanency option.
The term homeless youth has the meaning given the term homeless children and youths in section 725 of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 11434a).
Indian Tribe; tribal organization
The terms Indian Tribe and Tribal organization have the meanings given the terms in section 4 of the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 5304).
The term State means each of the several States and the District of Columbia.
The term territory means the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, the Republic of the Marshall Islands, the Federated States of Micronesia, and the Republic of Palau.
Formula grants to States to improve access to and success in higher education for foster youth and homeless youth
Grant program established
From the amount appropriated under subsection (h), the Secretary shall make allotments under subsection (b), to States having applications approved under subsection (c), to enable each State to—
carry out the statewide transition initiative described in subsection (d); and
make subgrants described in subsection (e).
Reservation for Indian tribes and territories
From the amount appropriated under subsection (h) for a fiscal year and subject to clause (ii), the Secretary shall reserve—
not more than 3 percent for grants to Indian Tribes, consortia of Indian Tribes, or Tribal organizations; and
not more than 2 percent for grants to territories.
In awarding grants under this subparagraph, the Secretary—
shall not award a grant under subclause (I) or (II) of clause (i) for a fiscal year for which no Indian Tribe (or consortium of Indian Tribes) or Tribal organization, or territory, respectively, submits a satisfactory application for a grant under such subclause;
shall require that any Indian Tribe, consortium, Tribal organization, or territory that receives a grant under this subparagraph provide an assurance of a partnership among relevant education, child welfare, and homeless agencies or organizations; and
may determine any other requirements with respect to such grants (including the allocation, application, and use of fund requirements), which to the extent possible, shall be consistent with the requirements for States under this part, except that appropriate adjustments shall be made based on the needs and size of populations served by the Indian Tribe, consortium, Tribal organization, or territory applying for the grant.
Reservation for Department activities
From the amount appropriated under subsection (h) for a fiscal year, the Secretary may reserve—
not more than 7 percent to—
provide technical assistance, in consultation with the Secretary of Health and Human Services, to States carrying out activities under this section; and
complete the evaluations required by subsection (g)(1); and
not more than 3 percent for administrative expenses.
From the amount appropriated under subsection (h) for fiscal year and remaining after the Secretary reserves funds under subparagraphs (A) and (B), the Secretary shall allot to each State the greater of—
the amount that bears the same proportion to the remaining appropriated amount for such fiscal year as the number of foster youth and homeless youth in the State bears to the number of foster youth and homeless youth in all States.
If the amount appropriated under subsection (h) for a fiscal year and remaining after the Secretary reserves funds under subparagraphs (A) and (B) is less than the amount required to be allotted to States under subparagraph (C), then the amount of the allotment to each State shall be ratably reduced.
From the amounts awarded a State under paragraph (1)(C) for a fiscal year, the State may reserve not more than 5 percent for administrative expenses.
Temporary ineligibility for subsequent payments
The Secretary shall determine a State to be temporarily ineligible to receive a grant payment under this subsection for a fiscal year if—
the State fails to submit an annual report under subsection (f) for the preceding fiscal year; or
the Secretary determines, based on information in such annual report, that the State is not effectively—
meeting the outcomes described in the application of such State under subsection (c)(2)(C), and does not have a plan to improve the outcomes;
monitoring and evaluating the activities under subsections (d) and (e); or
using funds as required under subsections (d) and (e).
If the Secretary determines that a State is ineligible under subparagraph (A), the Secretary may enter into an agreement with the State setting forth the terms and conditions under which the State may regain eligibility to receive payments under this section.
For each fiscal year for which a State desires an allotment under subsection (b), the State shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time, in such manner, and containing the information described in paragraph (2).
An application submitted under paragraph (1) shall include the following:
A plan for how the State will carry out the activities under subsections (d) and (e).
A description of the State’s capacity to carry out such activities.
A description of intended outcomes for such activities.
A plan for how the State will monitor and evaluate such activities, including how the State will use data to continually update and improve such activities.
A description of how students will be identified and recruited for participation in the statewide transition initiative under subsection (d).
An estimate of the number and characteristics of the populations targeted for participation in the statewide transition initiative under subsection (d) with attention to the diverse needs of homeless youth and foster youth in the State.
A description of how the State will coordinate services provided under the grant with services provided to foster youth and homeless youth under the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 11301 et seq.), the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, and the Runaway and Homeless Youth Act (34 U.S.C. 11201 et seq.), and other services provided to foster youth and homeless youth by the State.
An assurance that the State will comply with subtitle B of title VII of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 11431 et seq.).
An assurance that the State will partner with State educational agencies, local educational agencies, institutions of higher education, State and local child welfare authorities, and other relevant organizations that serve foster youth or homeless youth.
An assurance that the State will submit the annual report required under subsection (f).
A budgetary analysis of the use of funds awarded under this section.
Such other information as the Secretary may require.
statewide transition initiative
Use of funds
Subject to subsection (b)(2), and in consultation and coordination with the entities described in paragraph (2), a State receiving a grant award under this section shall use not less than 25 percent of the funds to—
provide intensive outreach and support to foster youth and homeless youth to—
improve the understanding and preparation of such youth for enrollment in institutions of higher education;
increase the number of applications to institutions of higher education submitted by such youth; and
increase the number of enrollments of such youth at institutions of higher education;
provide education to foster youth and homeless youth with respect to—
the benefits and opportunities of postsecondary education;
planning for postsecondary education;
financial aid opportunities for enrollment at an institution of higher education;
the Federal and State services and benefits available to foster youth and homeless youth while enrolled at an institution of higher education, including health and mental health services;
career exploration; and
financial literacy training, including security from identity theft;
assist foster youth and homeless youth with submitting applications for—
enrollment at an institution of higher education;
financial aid for such enrollment; and
scholarships available for such students, including under a State educational and training voucher program referred to in section 477(i) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 677(i)); and
provide free programming, which may include free transportation to and from such programming, for foster youth and homeless youth to prepare such individuals socially and academically for the rigors of postsecondary education during the summer before such individuals first attend an institution of higher education.
Required consultation and coordination
In carrying out the activities described in paragraph (1), a State shall consult and coordinate with State educational agencies, local educational agencies, institutions of higher education, State and local child welfare authorities, and other relevant organizations that serve foster youth or homeless youth.
Subgrants To create institutions of excellence
Subject to subsection (b)(2), a State receiving a grant under this section shall, acting through the administering State agency, use not less than 70 percent of the funds to award, on a competitive basis, subgrants to eligible institutions to enable such institutions to become institutions of excellence by improving college access, retention, and completion rates for foster and homeless youth as described in paragraph (3).
An eligible institution desiring a subgrant under this subsection shall submit an application to the State in which such eligible institution is located, at such time, in such manner, and containing such information as the State may require.
Each State receiving an allotment under this section shall provide outreach and technical assistance to eligible institutions with respect to applications for subgrants under this subsection.
An eligible institution that receives a subgrant under this subsection shall use the subgrant funds to carry out the following activities with respect to homeless youth and foster youth:
Provide flexibility and assistance in completing the application process to enroll at such institution.
Coordinate programs with relevant on- and off-campus stakeholders to increase the enrollment of such youth at the institution and align services at the institution for such youth.
Adjust the cost of attendance for such youth at such eligible institution to include the cost of housing during periods of non-enrollment.
Provide institutional aid to such students to meet the cost of attendance that is not covered by other Federal or State educational grants.
Provide outreach to such students to ensure that such youth are aware of housing resources available during periods of non-enrollment.
Subsidize any fees for such students associated with orientation and offer free transportation to the orientation or move-in week at the eligible institution.
Hire and provide training for at least one full-time staff member at the eligible institution to serve as a point of contact to provide case management services and monthly face-to-face meetings with students who are foster youth or homeless youth. Such individual shall have an advanced degree and at least two years of relevant experience.
Establish or enhance campus support programs to provide such students with a wide-range of on-campus services, including—
assistance with financial aid;
career advice; and
Ensure the availability of robust health services (physical and mental) that meet the specific needs of foster youth and homeless youth.
Establish or expand early alert systems to identify and support such students who may be struggling academically.
For each such student with reasonable, unanticipated expenses that would not be covered by the institutional aid provided under subparagraph (D) and that would be necessary for the student to persist in college during an academic year, provide the student with access to an emergency grant to help cover such expenses.
Collect, review, and monitor data for program improvement.
Reliance on institutional aid or emergency grants
Any institutional aid or emergency grant funds provided to a student under subparagraph (D) or (K) of paragraph (3) by an eligible institution during the period of the institution’s subgrant under this subsection shall continue to be provided during the student’s continuous enrollment at the institution, without regard to whether the subgrant period ends during such enrollment.
In this subsection:
Administering State agency
The term administering State agency means a State agency—
designated by the Governor or executive of the State to administer the subgrants under this subsection; and
that, with respect to such State, has jurisdiction over—
elementary and secondary education; or
The term eligible institution means an institution of higher education—
that is in partnership with—
the State child welfare agency that is responsible for the administration of the State plan under part B or E of title IV of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 621 et seq.; 670 et seq.); and
an organization that serves homeless youth (such as a youth shelter or outreach program); and
that may partner with any other provider, agency, official, or entity that serves foster youth and homeless youth, or former foster youth and homeless youth.
For each year in which a State receives an allotment under subsection (b), the State shall prepare and submit a report to the Secretary that includes—
each activity or service that was carried out under this section;
the cost of providing each such activity or service;
the number of students who received each activity or service disaggregated by demographics;
using qualitative and quantitative analysis, how the State—
improved access to higher education for foster youth and homeless youth; and
measured youth satisfaction with activities carried out under this part;
an analysis of the implementation and progress of the statewide transition initiative under subsection (d), including challenges and changes made to the initiative throughout the preceding year;
if, based on the analysis under paragraph (5), the State determines that the program is not on track to meet the intended outcomes described in the application of the State under subsection (c)(2)(C), a description of how the State plans to meet such intended outcomes; and
information on the eligible institutions receiving subgrants, including how such institutions used subgrant funds to carry out the activities described in subsection (e)(3).
Beginning on the date on which funds are first allotted under subsection (b), and annually thereafter, the Secretary shall evaluate recipients of allotments and subgrants under this section. The results of such evaluations shall be made publicly available on the website of the Department.
Report to Congress
Not later than 1 year after the date on which funds are first allotted under subsection (b), and annually thereafter, the Secretary shall submit a report to Congress that includes—
the amount of each allotment under subsection (b);
the amount of each subgrant under subsection (e); and
with respect to the year for which such report is made, the results of the evaluations under paragraph (1).
Authorization of appropriations
There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section $150,000,000 for fiscal year 2022 and each of the 5 succeeding fiscal years.