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S. 3624: Shoreline Health Oversight, Restoration, Resilience, and Enhancement Act


The text of the bill below is as of Feb 10, 2022 (Introduced).


II

117th CONGRESS

2d Session

S. 3624

IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

February 10, 2022

(for himself and Mr. Cassidy) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Environment and Public Works

A BILL

To provide for improvements to the rivers and harbors of the United States, to provide for the conservation and development of water and related resources, and for other purposes.

1.

Short title; table of contents

(a)

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Shoreline Health Oversight, Restoration, Resilience, and Enhancement Act.

(b)

Table of contents

The table of contents for this Act is as follows:

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.

Sec. 2. Definition of Secretary.

Sec. 3. Shoreline and riverbank protection and restoration mission.

Sec. 4. Project authorizations.

Sec. 5. Modifications.

Sec. 6. Reauthorization of certain beach nourishment projects.

Sec. 7. Special rule for certain beach nourishment projects.

Sec. 8. Protection and restoration of other Federal land along rivers and coasts.

Sec. 9. Flood and coastal storm risk management feasibility studies.

Sec. 10. Credit in lieu of reimbursement.

Sec. 11. Coastal cost calculations.

Sec. 12. Advance payment in lieu of reimbursement for certain Federal costs.

Sec. 13. Cost sharing for nonstructural projects.

Sec. 14. Coastal community flood control and other purposes.

Sec. 15. Port Fourchon, Louisiana, dredged material disposal plan.

Sec. 16. Delaware shore protection and restoration.

Sec. 17. Great Lakes advance measures assistance.

Sec. 18. Forecasting models for the Great Lakes.

Sec. 19. Chattahoochee River program.

Sec. 20. Mississippi River mat sinking unit.

Sec. 21. Rehabilitation of existing levees.

2.

Definition of Secretary

In this Act, the term Secretary means the Secretary of the Army.

3.

Shoreline and riverbank protection and restoration mission

(a)

Declaration of policy

Congress declares that—

(1)

it is the policy of the United States to protect and restore the shorelines of the United States, which include each beach and shore of the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, the Gulf of Mexico, the Great Lakes, and lakes, estuaries, and bays directly connected to those bodies of water, from the damaging impacts of climate change and other factors contributing to the vulnerability of coastal communities and ecosystems;

(2)

the protection and restoration of shores, and of the banks of rivers and streams, from erosion and other damaging forces exacerbated by climate change shall be restored to a primary mission of the Corps of Engineers in carrying out water resources development projects;

(3)

projects and measures for the protection and restoration of shores, and of the banks of rivers and streams, shall be formulated to increase the resilience of such shores, and of such banks, from the damaging impacts of climate change and other factors contributing to the vulnerability of coastal and riverine communities and ecosystems using measures described in section 1184(a) of the Water Resources Development Act of 2016 (33 U.S.C. 2289a(a)) to the maximum extent practicable; and

(4)

periodic nourishment shall be provided, in accordance with subsection (c) of the first section of the Act of August 13, 1946 (60 Stat. 1056, chapter 960; 33 U.S.C. 426e(c)), and subject to section 156 of the Water Resources Development Act of 1976 (42 U.S.C. 1962d–5f), for projects and measures carried out for the purpose of restoring and increasing the resilience of ecosystems to the same extent as periodic nourishment is provided for projects and measures carried out for the purpose of coastal storm risk management.

(b)

Shoreline and riverine protection and restoration

(1)

In general

Section 212 of the Water Resources Development Act of 1999 (33 U.S.C. 2332) is amended—

(A)

in the section heading, by striking Flood mitigation and riverine restoration program and inserting Shoreline and riverine protection and restoration;

(B)

in subsection (a)—

(i)

by striking undertake a program for the purpose of conducting and inserting carry out;

(ii)

by striking to reduce flood hazards and inserting to reduce erosion and flood and coastal storm hazards; and

(iii)

by inserting and shorelines after rivers;

(C)

in subsection (b)—

(i)

in paragraph (1)—

(I)

by striking In carrying out the program, the and inserting The;

(II)

by inserting and coastal storm after flood; and

(III)

by inserting erosion mitigation, after reduction,;

(ii)

in paragraph (3), by striking flood damages and inserting flood and coastal storm damages, including the use of measures described in section 1184(a) of the Water Resources Development Act of 2016 (33 U.S.C. 2289a(a)); and

(iii)

in paragraph (4)—

(I)

by inserting and coastal storm after flood;

(II)

by inserting , shoreline, after riverine; and

(III)

by inserting and coastal barriers after floodplains;

(D)

in subsection (c)—

(i)

by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the following:

(1)

Studies

The non-Federal share of the cost of a study under this section shall be—

(A)

20 percent; and

(B)

10 percent, in the case of a study benefitting an economically disadvantaged community (as defined pursuant to section 160 of the Water Resources Development Act of 2020 (33 U.S.C. 2201 note; Public Law 116–260)).

; and

(ii)

in paragraph (2)—

(I)

in the paragraph heading, by striking flood control; and

(II)

by striking subparagraph (A) and inserting the following:

(A)

In general

Design and construction of a nonstructural measure or project, a measure or project described in section 1184(a) of the Water Resources Development Act of 2016 (33 U.S.C. 2289a(a)), or for a measure or project for environmental restoration, shall be subject to cost sharing in accordance with section 103(b) of the Water Resources Development Act of 1986 (33 U.S.C. 2213(b)).

; and

(iii)

in paragraph (3)—

(I)

in the paragraph heading, by inserting or hurricane and storm damage reduction after flood control;

(II)

by inserting or hurricane and storm damage reduction after flood control; and

(III)

by striking section 103(a) of the Water Resources Development Act of 1986 (33 U.S.C. 2213(a)) and inserting section 103 of the Water Resources Development Act of 1986 (33 U.S.C. 2213), except that the non-Federal share of the cost to design and construct a project benefitting an economically disadvantaged community (as defined pursuant to section 160 of the Water Resources Development Act of 2020 (33 U.S.C. 2201 note; Public Law 116–260)) shall be 10 percent;

(E)

in subsection (d)—

(i)

by striking paragraph (2);

(ii)

by striking the subsection designation and heading and all that follows through Notwithstanding in paragraph (1) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A) and inserting the following:

(d)

Project justification

Notwithstanding

;

(iii)

by redesignating subparagraphs (A) through (C) as paragraphs (1) through (3), respectively, and indenting appropriately; and

(iv)

in paragraph (1) (as so redesignated), by striking flood damages and inserting flood, coastal storm, or erosion damages;

(F)

in subsection (e)—

(i)

by redesignating paragraphs (1) through (33) as subparagraphs (A) through (GG), respectively, and indenting appropriately;

(ii)

in the matter preceding subparagraph (A) (as so redesignated), by striking In carrying out and inserting the following:

(1)

In general

In carrying out

; and

(iii)

by adding at the end the following:

(2)

Priority projects

In carrying out this section after the date of enactment of the Shoreline Health Oversight, Restoration, Resilience, and Enhancement Act, the Secretary shall prioritize projects for the following locations:

(A)

Delaware Bay Beaches, Delaware.

(B)

Louisiana Coastal Area, Louisiana.

(C)

Great Lakes Shores and Watersheds.

(D)

Oregon Coastal Area, Oregon.

(E)

Upper Missouri River Basin.

(F)

Kanawha River Basin, West Virginia.

(G)

Any additional locations, as determined annually by the Secretary.

;

(G)

by striking subsections (f), (g), and (i);

(H)

by redesignating subsection (h) as subsection (f); and

(I)

in subsection (f) (as so redesignated), by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the following:

(2)

Projects requiring specific authorization

The Secretary shall not carry out a project until Congress enacts a law authorizing the Secretary to carry out the project, if the Federal share of the cost to design and construct the project exceeds—

(A)

$26,000,000, in the case of a project benefitting an economically disadvantaged community (as defined pursuant to section 160 of the Water Resources Development Act of 2020 (33 U.S.C. 2201 note; Public Law 116–260));

(B)

$23,000,000, in the case of a project other than a project benefitting an economically disadvantaged community (as so defined) that—

(i)

is for purposes of environmental restoration; or

(ii)

derives not less than 50 percent of the erosion, flood, or coastal storm risk reduction benefits from nonstructural measures or measures described in section 1184(a) of the Water Resources Development Act of 2016 (33 U.S.C. 2289a(a)); or

(C)

$18,500,000, for a project other than a project described in subparagraph (A) or (B).

.

(2)

Clerical amendment

The table of contents in section 1(b) of the Water Resources Development Act of 1999 (113 Stat. 269) is amended by striking the item relating to section 212 and inserting the following:

Sec. 212. Shoreline and riverine protection and restoration.

.

4.

Project authorizations

(a)

In general

The following projects for water resources development and conservation and other purposes, as identified in the reports titled Report to Congress on Future Water Resources Development submitted to Congress pursuant to section 7001 of the Water Resources Reform and Development Act of 2014 (33 U.S.C. 2282d) or otherwise reviewed by Congress, are authorized to be carried out by the Secretary substantially in accordance with the plans, and subject to the conditions, described in the respective reports or decision documents designated in this section:

(1)

Coastal storm risk management

A. StateB. NameC. Date of Report or Decision DocumentD. Estimated Costs
1. CTFairfield and New Haven CountiesJanuary 19, 2021Federal: $86,542,000
Non-Federal: $46,599,000
Total: $133,141,000
2. PRSan Juan MetroSeptember 16, 2021Federal: $237,885,000
Non-Federal: $127,306,000
Total: $365,190,000
3. FLFlorida Keys, Monroe CountySeptember 24, 2021Federal: $1,367,250,000
Non-Federal: $736,212,000
Total: $2,103,462,000
4. FLOkaloosa CountyOctober 7, 2021Federal: $19,822,000
Non-Federal: $11,535,000
Total: $31,357,000
5. SCFolly BeachOctober 26, 2021Federal: $45,490,000
Non-Federal: $5,054,000
Total: $50,544,000
6. FLPinellas CountyOctober 29, 2021Federal: $8,627,000
Non-Federal: $5,332,000
Total: $13,959,000
7. NYSouth Shore of Staten Island, Fort Wadsworth to Oakwood BeachOctober 27, 2016Federal: $371,310,000
Non-Federal: $199,940,000
Total: $571,250,000
8. LAUpper Barataria BasinJanuary 28, 2022Federal: $1,005,000,750
Non-Federal: $541,154,250
Total: $1,546,155,000
(2)

Ecosystem restoration

A. StateB. NameC. Date of Report or Decision DocumentD. Estimated Costs
1. CAPrado Basin Ecosystem Restoration, San Bernardino, Riverside and Orange CountiesApril 22, 2021Federal: $29,838,000
Non-Federal: $16,066,000
Total: $45,904,000
(3)

Coastal storm risk management and ecosystem restoration

A. StateB. NameC. Date of Report or Decision DocumentD. Estimated Costs
1. TXCoastal Texas Protection and Restoration Feasibility StudySeptember 16, 2021Federal: $17,978,202,000
Non-Federal: $10,894,929,000
Total: $28,873,131,000
(4)

Modifications and other projects

A. StateB. NameC. Date of Report or Decision DocumentD. Estimated Costs
1. LALake Pontchartrain and VicinityDecember 16, 2021Federal: $807,000,000
Non-Federal: $434,000,000
Total: $1,240,000,000
2. LAWest Bank and VicinityDecember 17, 2021Federal: $431,000,000
Non-Federal: $232,000,000
Total: $663,000,000
5.

Modifications

(a)

Mississippi River Gulf Outlet, Louisiana

The Secretary shall carry out the project for ecosystem restoration, Mississippi River Gulf Outlet, Louisiana, authorized by section 7013(a)(4) of the Water Resources Development Act of 2007 (121 Stat. 1281), at full Federal expense.

(b)

Great Lakes and Mississippi River Interbasin project, Brandon Road, Will County, Illinois

Section 402(a)(1) of the Water Resources Development Act of 2020 (134 Stat. 2742) is amended by striking 80 percent and inserting 100 percent.

(c)

Lower Mississippi River comprehensive management study

Section 213 of the Water Resources Development Act of 2020 (134 Stat. 2687) is amended by adding at the end the following:

(j)

Cost Share

The Secretary shall carry out the comprehensive study described in subsection (a), and any feasibility study described in subsection (e), at full Federal expense.

.

6.

Reauthorization of certain beach nourishment projects

(a)

In general

The Secretary is authorized to continue periodic nourishment for the following projects for coastal storm risk management for an additional period of 50 years:

(1)

Delaware Coast Protection, Delaware (commonly known as the Indian River Inlet Sand Bypass Plant), authorized by section 869 of the Water Resources Development Act of 1986 (100 Stat. 4182).

(2)

Segment II, Broward County, Florida, authorized by section 301 of the River and Harbor Act of 1965 (79 Stat. 1090).

(3)

Segment III, Broward County, Florida, authorized by section 301 of the River and Harbor Act of 1965 (79 Stat. 1090).

(4)

Dade County, Florida, authorized by section 203 of the Flood Control Act of 1968 (82 Stat. 740).

(5)

Duval County, Florida, authorized by section 203 of the Flood Control Act of 1968 (82 Stat. 740).

(6)

Tybee Island, Georgia, authorized by section 201 of the Flood Control Act of 1965 (42 U.S.C. 1962d–5).

(7)

Delray Beach segment, Palm Beach County, Florida, authorized by section 101 of the River and Harbor Act of 1962 (76 Stat. 1177).

(b)

Timing

The additional 50 years provided for a project under subsection (a) shall begin on the date of expiration of the final period of periodic nourishment for the project authorized prior to the date of enactment of this Act.

(c)

Special rule

For purposes of the project described in subsection (a)(1), periodic nourishment shall include reimbursement of the Federal share of the cost to the non-Federal interest for the project to operate and maintain a sand bypass plant.

7.

Special rule for certain beach nourishment projects

(a)

In general

In the case of a water resources development project described in subsection (b), the Secretary shall—

(1)

fund, at full Federal expense, any incremental increase in cost to the project that results from a legal requirement to use a borrow source determined by the Secretary to be other than the least-cost option; and

(2)

exclude the cost described in paragraph (1) from the cost-benefit analysis for the project.

(b)

Authorized water resources development projects described

An authorized water resources development project referred to in subsection (a) is any of the following:

(1)

The Townsends Inlet to Cape May Inlet, New Jersey, coastal storm risk management project, authorized by section 101(a)(26) of the Water Resources Development Act of 1999 (113 Stat. 278).

(2)

The Folly Beach, South Carolina, coastal storm risk management project, authorized by section 501(a) of the Water Resources Development Act of 1986 (100 Stat. 4136) and modified by section 108 of the Energy and Water Development Appropriations Act, 1992 (105 Stat. 520).

(3)

The Carolina Beach and Vicinity, North Carolina, coastal storm risk management project, authorized by section 203 of the Flood Control Act of 1962 (76 Stat. 1182) and modified by section 401(7) of the Water Resources Development Act of 2020 (134 Stat. 2741).

(4)

The Wrightsville Beach, North Carolina, coastal storm risk management project, authorized by section 203 of the Flood Control Act of 1962 (76 Stat. 1182) and modified by section 401(7) of the Water Resources Development Act of 2020 (134 Stat. 2741).

(5)

A project for coastal storm risk management for any shore included in a project described in this subsection that is specifically authorized by Congress on or after the date of enactment of this Act.

(6)

Emergency repair and restoration of any project described in this subsection under section 5 of the Act of August 18, 1941 (commonly known as the Flood Control Act of 1941) (55 Stat. 650, chapter 377; 33 U.S.C. 701n).

8.

Protection and restoration of other Federal land along rivers and coasts

(a)

In general

The Secretary is authorized to use funds made available to the Secretary for water resources development purposes to carry out, at full Federal expense, a measure located on, or benefitting, Federal land under the administrative jurisdiction of another Federal agency, if the measure—

(1)
(A)

is for purposes of ecosystem restoration or the protection and restoration of shores; and

(B)
(i)

utilizes dredged material from a water resources development project beneficially; or

(ii)

is included in a report of the Chief of Engineers or other decision document for a water resources development project that is specifically authorized by Congress;

(2)

is for purposes of mitigation of damages to Federal land caused by a water resources development project operated and maintained by the Secretary; or

(3)

is for purposes of mitigating damages to fish and wildlife resources resulting from a water resources development project.

(b)

Applicability

This section shall apply to a measure for which construction is initiated after the date of enactment of this Act.

(c)

Savings provision

Nothing in this section precludes a Federal agency with administrative jurisdiction over Federal land from contributing funds for any portion of the cost of a measure described in subsection (a) that is located on, or benefitting, that land.

(d)

Repeal

(1)

In general

Section 1025 of the Water Resources Reform and Development Act of 2014 (33 U.S.C. 2226) is repealed.

(2)

Conforming amendment

The table of contents in section 1(b) of the Water Resources Reform and Development Act of 2014 (128 Stat. 1193) is amended by striking the item relating to section 1025.

9.

Flood and coastal storm risk management feasibility studies

In carrying out a feasibility study for flood or coastal storm risk management, the Secretary, at the request of the non-Federal interest for the study, shall formulate alternatives to maximize net benefits from the reduction of the comprehensive flood risk that results from the isolated and compound effects of—

(1)

a riverine discharge of any magnitude or frequency;

(2)

inundation, wave attack, and erosion coinciding with a hurricane or coastal storm;

(3)

a tide of any magnitude or frequency;

(4)

a rainfall event of any magnitude or frequency;

(5)

seasonal variation in water levels;

(6)

groundwater emergence;

(7)

sea level rise;

(8)

subsidence; and

(9)

any other driver of flood risk affecting the study area.

10.

Credit in lieu of reimbursement

(a)

In general

Section 1022 of the Water Resources Reform and Development Act of 2014 (33 U.S.C. 2225) is amended—

(1)

in subsection (a)—

(A)

by striking or before an authorized coastal navigation project;

(B)

by inserting or any other water resources development project for which the Secretary is authorized to reimburse the non-Federal interest for the Federal share of construction or operation and maintenance, before the Secretary; and

(C)

by striking of the project and inserting to construct, periodically nourish, or operate and maintain the project;

(2)

in each of subsections (b) and (c), by striking flood damage reduction and coastal navigation each place it appears and inserting water resources development; and

(3)

by adding at the end the following:

(d)

Applicability

With respect to a project constructed under section 204 of the Water Resources Development Act of 1986 (33 U.S.C. 2232), the Secretary shall exercise the authority under this section to apply credits and reimbursements related to the project in a manner consistent with the requirements of subsection (d) of that section.

.

(b)

Treatment of credit between projects

Section 7007(d) of the Water Resources Development Act of 2007 (121 Stat. 1277; 128 Stat. 1226) is amended by inserting , or may be applied to reduce the amounts required to be paid by the non-Federal interest under the terms of the deferred payment agreements entered into between the Secretary and the non-Federal interest for the projects authorized by section 7012(a)(1) before the period at the end.

11.

Coastal cost calculations

Section 152(a) of the Water Resources Development Act of 2020 (33 U.S.C. 2213a(a)) is amended by inserting or coastal storm risk management after flood risk management.

12.

Advance payment in lieu of reimbursement for certain Federal costs

The Secretary is authorized to provide in advance to the non-Federal interest the Federal share of funds required for the acquisition of land, easements, and rights-of-way and the performance of relocations for a project or separable element—

(1)

authorized to be constructed at full Federal expense; or

(2)

described in section 103(b)(2) of the Water Resources Development Act of 1986 (33 U.S.C. 2213(b)(2)).

13.

Cost sharing for nonstructural projects

(a)

In general

Section 103(b) of the Water Resources Development Act of 1986 (33 U.S.C. 2213(b)) is amended—

(1)

in paragraph (1)—

(A)

in the first sentence, by striking The and inserting Except as provided in paragraph (3), the; and

(B)

by striking 35 percent each place it appears and inserting 20 percent;

(2)

in paragraph (2)—

(A)

in the paragraph heading, by striking 35 percent and inserting required non-Federal share;

(B)

by striking At any time and inserting Except as provided in paragraph (3), at any time;

(C)

by striking 35 percent and inserting 20 percent (or 10 percent, in the case of a measure described in paragraph (3)); and

(D)

by striking 65 percent and inserting 80 percent (or 90 percent, in the case of a measure described in paragraph (3)); and

(3)

by adding at the end the following:

(3)

Certain projects

The non-Federal share of the cost of a measure described in paragraph (1) that benefits an economically disadvantaged community (as defined pursuant to section 160 of the Water Resources Development Act of 2020 (33 U.S.C. 2201 note; Public Law 116–260)) shall be 10 percent.

.

(b)

Application

The amendments made by subsection (a) shall apply to—

(1)

any project that is authorized on or after the date of enactment of this Act; and

(2)

any project that is not specifically authorized by Congress, for which—

(A)

a Detailed Project Report is approved after the date of enactment of this Act; or

(B)

in the case of a project for which no Detailed Project Report is prepared, construction is initiated after the date of enactment of this Act.

14.

Coastal community flood control and other purposes

Section 103(k)(4) of the Water Resources Development Act of 1986 (33 U.S.C. 2213(k)(4)) is amended—

(1)

by redesignating subparagraphs (A) and (B) as clauses (i) and (ii), respectively, and indenting appropriately;

(2)

in the matter preceding clause (i) (as so redesignated), by striking Notwithstanding and inserting the following:

(A)

In general

Notwithstanding

;

(3)

in subparagraph (A) (as so redesignated)—

(A)

in clause (i) (as so redesignated)—

(i)

by striking $200 million and inserting $200,000,000; and

(ii)

by striking and at the end;

(B)

in clause (ii) (as so redesignated)—

(i)

by inserting an amount equal to 2/3 of after repays; and

(ii)

by striking the period at the end and inserting ; and; and

(C)

by adding at the end the following:

(iii)

the non-Federal interest repays the balance of remaining principal by June 1, 2032.

; and

(4)

by adding at the end the following:

(B)

Repayment options

Repayment of a non-Federal contribution under subparagraph (A)(iii) may be satisfied through the provision by the non-Federal interest of fish and wildlife mitigation for one or more projects or separable elements, if the Secretary determines that—

(i)

the non-Federal interest has incurred costs for the provision of mitigation that—

(I)

equal or exceed the amount of the required repayment; and

(II)

are in excess of any required non-Federal contribution for the project or separable element for which the mitigation is provided; and

(ii)

the mitigation is integral to the project for which it is provided.

.

15.

Port Fourchon, Louisiana, dredged material disposal plan

The Secretary shall determine that the dredged material disposal plan recommended in the document entitled Port Fourchon Belle Pass Channel Deepening Project Section 203 Feasibility Study (January 2019, revised January 2020) is the least cost, environmentally acceptable dredged material disposal plan for the project for navigation, Port Fourchon Belle Passe Channel, Louisiana, authorized by section 403(a)(4) of the Water Resources Development Act of 2020 (134 Stat. 2743).

16.

Delaware shore protection and restoration

(a)

Delaware beneficial use of dredged material for the Delaware River, Delaware

(1)

In general

The project for coastal storm risk management, Delaware Beneficial Use of Dredged Material for the Delaware River, Delaware, authorized by section 401(3) of the Water Resources Development Act of 2020 (134 Stat. 2736) (referred to in this subsection as the project), is modified—

(A)

to direct the Secretary to implement the project using alternative borrow sources to the Delaware River, Philadelphia to the Sea, project, Delaware, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, authorized by the Act of June 25, 1910 (chapter 382, 36 Stat. 637; 46 Stat. 921; 52 Stat. 803; 59 Stat. 14; 68 Stat. 1249; 72 Stat. 297); and

(B)

until the Secretary implements the modification under subparagraph (A), to authorize the Secretary, at the request of a non-Federal interest, to carry out initial construction or periodic nourishments at any site included in the project under—

(i)

section 1122 of the Water Resources Development Act of 2016 (33 U.S.C. 2326 note; Public Law 114–322); or

(ii)

section 204(d) of the Water Resources Development Act of 1992 (33 U.S.C. 2326(d)).

(2)

Treatment

If the Secretary determines that a study is required to carry out paragraph (1)(A), the study shall be considered to be a continuation of the study that formulated the project.

(b)

Indian River Inlet Sand Bypass Plant, Delaware

(1)

In general

The Indian River Inlet Sand Bypass Plant, Delaware, coastal storm risk management project (referred to in this subsection as the project), authorized by section 869 of the Water Resources Development Act of 1986 (100 Stat. 4182), is modified to authorize the Secretary, at the request of a non-Federal interest, to provide periodic nourishment through dedicated dredging or other means to maintain or restore the functioning of the project when—

(A)

the sand bypass plant is inoperative; or

(B)

operation of the sand bypass plant is insufficient to maintain the functioning of the project.

(2)

Requirements

A cycle of periodic nourishment provided pursuant to paragraph (1) shall be subject to the following requirements:

(A)

Cost share

The non-Federal share of the cost of a cycle shall be the same percentage as the non-Federal share of the cost to operate the sand bypass plant.

(B)

Decision document

If the Secretary determines that a decision document is required to support a request for funding for the Federal share of a cycle, the decision document may be prepared using funds made available to the Secretary for construction or for investigations.

(C)

Treatment

(i)

Decision document

A decision document prepared under subparagraph (B) shall not be subject to a new investment determination.

(ii)

Cycles

A cycle shall be considered continuing construction.

(c)

Delaware emergency shore restoration

(1)

In general

The Secretary is authorized to construct, repair, or restore a federally authorized hurricane or shore protective structure or project located in the State of Delaware pursuant to section 5(a) of the Act of August 18, 1941 (commonly known as the Flood Control Act of 1941) (55 Stat. 650, chapter 377; 33 U.S.C. 701n(a)), if—

(A)

the structure, project, or shore is damaged by wind, wave, or water action associated with a storm of any magnitude; and

(B)

the damage prevents the adequate functioning of the structure, project, or shore.

(2)

Benefit-cost analysis

The Secretary shall determine that the benefits attributable to the objectives set forth in section 209 of the Flood Control Act of 1970 (42 U.S.C. 1962–2) and section 904(a) of the Water Resources Development Act of 1986 (33 U.S.C. 2281(a)) exceed the cost for work carried out under this subsection.

(3)

Savings provision

The authority provided by this subsection shall be in addition to any authority provided by section 5(a) of the Act of August 18, 1941 (commonly known as the Flood Control Act of 1941) (55 Stat. 650, chapter 377; 33 U.S.C. 701n(a)) to repair or restore a federally authorized hurricane or shore protection structure or project located in the State of Delaware damaged or destroyed by wind, wave, or water action of other than an ordinary nature.

(d)

Indian River Inlet and Bay, Delaware

In carrying out major maintenance of the project for navigation, Indian River Inlet and Bay, Delaware, authorized by the Act of August 26, 1937 (50 Stat. 846, chapter 832), and section 2 of the Act of March 2, 1945 (59 Stat. 14, chapter 19), the Secretary shall repair, restore, or relocate any non-Federal facility or other infrastructure, that has been damaged, in whole or in part, by the deterioration or failure of the project.

(e)

Reprogramming for coastal storm risk management project at Indian River Inlet

(1)

In general

Notwithstanding any other provision of law, for each fiscal year, the Secretary may reprogram amounts made available for a coastal storm risk management project to use such amounts for the project for coastal storm risk management, Indian River Inlet Sand Bypass Plant, Delaware, authorized by section 869 of the Water Resources Development Act of 1986 (100 Stat. 4182).

(2)

Limitations

(A)

In general

The Secretary may carry out not more than 2 reprogramming actions under paragraph (1) for each fiscal year.

(B)

Amount

For each fiscal year, the Secretary may reprogram—

(i)

not more than $100,000 per reprogramming action; and

(ii)

not more than $200,000 for each fiscal year.

17.

Great Lakes advance measures assistance

The following requirements shall apply to the provision of advance measures assistance under section 5(a) of the Act of August 18, 1941 (commonly known as the Flood Control Act of 1941) (55 Stat. 650, chapter 377; 33 U.S.C. 701n(a)), in the Great Lakes Region:

(1)

The Secretary shall not deny a request from the Governor of a State to provide advance measures assistance to reduce the risk of damage from rising water levels in the Great Lakes solely on the basis that the damage is caused by erosion.

(2)

Advance measures assistance provided by the Secretary to reduce the risk of damage from rising water levels in the Great Lakes shall be provided at full Federal expense.

18.

Forecasting models for the Great Lakes

(a)

Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary for the Engineer Research and Development Center to complete and maintain a model suite to forecast water levels, account for lake level variability, and account for the impacts of climate change in the Great Lakes—

(1)

$10,000,000 to complete the model suite; and

(2)

$250,000 for each fiscal year following the fiscal year during which the model suite is completed, for maintenance of the model suite.

(b)

Savings provision

Nothing in this section precludes the Secretary from using funds made available under the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative established by section 118(c)(7) of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1268(c)(7)) for activities described in subsection (a), if funds are not appropriated for those activities pursuant to subsection (a).

19.

Chattahoochee River program

(a)

Establishment

(1)

In general

The Secretary shall establish a program to provide environmental assistance to non-Federal interests in the Chattahoochee River Basin.

(2)

Form

The assistance under paragraph (1) shall be in the form of design and construction assistance for water-related resource protection and restoration projects affecting the Chattahoochee River Basin, based on the comprehensive plan under subsection (b), including projects for—

(A)

sediment and erosion control;

(B)

protection of eroding shorelines;

(C)

ecosystem restoration, including restoration of submerged aquatic vegetation;

(D)

protection of essential public works;

(E)

beneficial uses of dredged material; and

(F)

other related projects that may enhance the living resources of the Chattahoochee River Basin.

(b)

Comprehensive plan

(1)

In general

Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary, in cooperation with State and local governmental officials and affected stakeholders, shall develop a comprehensive Chattahoochee River Basin restoration plan to guide the implementation of projects under subsection (a)(2).

(2)

Coordination

The restoration plan described in paragraph (1) shall, to the maximum extent practicable, consider and avoid duplication of any ongoing or planned actions of other Federal, State, and local agencies and nongovernmental organizations.

(3)

Prioritization

The restoration plan described in paragraph (1) shall give priority to projects eligible under subsection (a)(2) that will also improve water quality or quantity or use natural hydrological features and systems.

(c)

Agreement

(1)

In general

Before providing assistance under this section, the Secretary shall enter into an agreement with a non-Federal interest for the design and construction of a project carried out pursuant to the comprehensive Chattahoochee River Basin restoration plan described in subsection (b).

(2)

Requirements

Each agreement entered into under this subsection shall provide for—

(A)

the development by the Secretary, in consultation with appropriate Federal, State, and local officials, of a resource protection and restoration plan, including appropriate engineering plans and specifications and an estimate of expected resource benefits; and

(B)

the establishment of such legal and institutional structures as are necessary to ensure the effective long-term operation and maintenance of the project by the non-Federal interest.

(d)

Cost sharing

(1)

Federal share

Except as provided in paragraph (2)(B), the Federal share of the total project costs of each agreement entered into under this section shall be 80 percent.

(2)

Non-federal share

(A)

Value of land, easements, rights-of-way, and relocations

In determining the non-Federal contribution toward carrying out an agreement entered into under this section, the Secretary shall provide credit to a non-Federal interest for the value of land, easements, rights-of-way, and relocations provided by the non-Federal interest, except that the amount of credit provided for a project under this paragraph may not exceed 20 percent of the total project costs.

(B)

Operation and maintenance costs

The non-Federal share of the costs of operation and maintenance of activities carried out under an agreement under this section shall be 100 percent.

(e)

Cooperation

In carrying out this section, the Secretary shall cooperate with—

(1)

the heads of appropriate Federal agencies, including—

(A)

the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency;

(B)

the Secretary of Commerce, acting through the Administrator of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration;

(C)

the Secretary of the Interior, acting through the Director of the United States Fish and Wildlife Service; and

(D)

the heads of such other Federal agencies as the Secretary determines to be appropriate; and

(2)

agencies of a State or political subdivision of a State.

(f)

Protection of resources

A project established under this section shall be carried out using such measures as are necessary to protect environmental, historic, and cultural resources.

(g)

Project cap

The total cost of a project carried out under this section may not exceed $15,000,000.

(h)

Authorization of appropriations

There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section $90,000,000.

20.

Mississippi River mat sinking unit

The Secretary shall expedite the replacement of the Mississippi River mat sinking unit.

21.

Rehabilitation of existing levees

Section 3017 of the Water Resources Reform and Development Act of 2014 (33 U.S.C. 3303a note; Public Law 113–121) is amended by striking subsection (e).