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S. 3951: PROTECT Act of 2022

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About the bill

The legislation’s name is an homage to 2003 legislation enacted on the same topic: the PROTECT (Prosecutorial Remedies and Other Tools to End the Exploitation of Children Today) Act.


When President Biden’s Supreme Court nominee Ketanji Brown Jackson faced Senate hearings in March, many of the harshest Republican attacks claimed that she was too lenient on child predators and child pornography.

Some of the attacks focus on her 2010–14 tenure as Vice Chair of the U.S. Sentencing Commission. During that period, the commission — including members from both parties — unanimously recommended that Congress lessen the mandatory minimum sentence for receipt of child pornography.

The rationale was to better align the mandatory minimums for possession and receipt, which are significantly higher for the latter than the …

Sponsor and status

Joshua “Josh” Hawley

Sponsor. Junior Senator for Missouri. Republican.

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Last Updated: Mar 29, 2022
Length: 4 pages
Mar 29, 2022
117th Congress (2021–2023)

Introduced on Mar 29, 2022

This bill is in the first stage of the legislative process. It was introduced into Congress on March 29, 2022. It will typically be considered by committee next before it is possibly sent on to the House or Senate as a whole.

Other activity may have occurred on another bill with identical or similar provisions.


4 Cosponsors (4 Republicans)

1% chance of being enacted according to Skopos Labs (details)


Mar 29, 2022

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

If this bill has further action, the following steps may occur next:
Passed Committee

Passed Senate

Passed House

Signed by the President

S. 3951 is a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number S. 3951. This is the one from the 117th Congress.

How to cite this information.

We recommend the following MLA-formatted citation when using the information you see here in academic work:

“S. 3951 — 117th Congress: PROTECT Act of 2022.” 2022. May 20, 2022 <>

Where is this information from?

GovTrack automatically collects legislative information from a variety of governmental and non-governmental sources. This page is sourced primarily from, the official portal of the United States Congress. is generally updated one day after events occur, and so legislative activity shown here may be one day behind. Data via the congress project.