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S. 3969 (117th): Protection and Advocacy for Voting Access Program Inclusion Act

A bill to amend the Help America Vote Act of 2002 to explicitly authorize distribution of grant funds to the voting accessibility protection and advocacy system of the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands and the system serving the American Indian consortium, and for other purposes.

Sponsor and status

Ben Ray Luján

Sponsor. Junior Senator for New Mexico. Democrat.

Read Text »
Last Updated: Sep 30, 2022
Length: 2 pages
Mar 30, 2022
117th Congress (2021–2023)

Enacted — Signed by the President on Sep 30, 2022

This bill was enacted after being signed by the President on September 30, 2022.

Pub.L. 117-182

4 Cosponsors (3 Democrats, 1 Republican)


Position statements

Statement of Administration Policy

President Joseph Biden [D]: S. 3969 – Protection and Advocacy for Voting Access Program Inclusion Act (Sep 27, 2022)

What legislators are saying

NMI voter assist bill to President
    — Rep. Gregorio Sablan [D-MP] on Oct 3, 2022

Congressman Higgins Announces Approval of Legislation Supporting the Protection and Advocacy for Voting Access (PAVA) Program
    — Rep. Brian Higgins [D-NY26] on Oct 3, 2022

the daily leader: thursday, september 29, 2022
    — Rep. Steny Hoyer [D-MD5] on Sep 28, 2022

More statements at ProPublica Represent...

Incorporated legislation

This bill incorporates provisions from:

H.R. 7326: PAVA Inclusion Act

Introduced on Mar 31, 2022. 100% incorporated. (compare text)


Mar 30, 2022

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

Mar 30, 2022
Passed Senate (House next)

The bill was passed in a vote in the Senate. It goes to the House next. The vote was by Unanimous Consent so no record of individual votes was made.

Sep 23, 2022
Text Published

Updated bill text was published as of Preprint (Rule).

Sep 29, 2022
Passed House

The bill was passed by both chambers in identical form. It goes to the President next who may sign or veto the bill. The vote was by voice vote so no record of individual votes was made.

Sep 30, 2022
Enacted — Signed by the President

The President signed the bill and it became law.

S. 3969 (117th) was a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number S. 3969. This is the one from the 117th Congress.

This bill was introduced in the 117th Congress, which met from Jan 3, 2021 to Jan 3, 2023. Legislation not passed by the end of a Congress is cleared from the books.

How to cite this information.

We recommend the following MLA-formatted citation when using the information you see here in academic work:

“S. 3969 — 117th Congress: Protection and Advocacy for Voting Access Program Inclusion Act.” 2022. March 25, 2023 <>

Where is this information from?

GovTrack automatically collects legislative information from a variety of governmental and non-governmental sources. This page is sourced primarily from, the official portal of the United States Congress. is generally updated one day after events occur, and so legislative activity shown here may be one day behind. Data via the congress project.