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S. 503: PARENTS Act of 2021

The text of the bill below is as of Jul 27, 2021 (Passed the Senate).


1st Session

S. 503



To amend part D of title IV of the Social Security Act to allow States to use incentive payments available under the child support enforcement program to improve parent-child relationships, increase child support collections, and improve outcomes for children by supporting parenting time agreements for noncustodial parents in uncontested agreements, and for other purposes.


Short title

This Act may be cited as the Providing Adequate Resources to Enhance Needed Time with Sons and daughters Act of 2021 or the PARENTS Act of 2021.


Expanding permitted uses of incentive payments

Section 458 of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 658a) is amended—


in subsection (f)—


in paragraph (1), by striking ; or and inserting a semicolon;


by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3); and


by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new paragraph:


to develop, implement, and evaluate procedures for establishing a parenting time agreement when establishing an initial or modified child support order or a medical support order (including procedures for carrying out a parenting time agreement made prior to the establishment or modification of any such order); or

; and


by adding at the end the following new subsection:


Definitions of parenting time agreement and noncustodial parent


Parenting time agreement

For purposes of subsection (f)(2), the term parenting time agreement means an agreement governing how much time a child spends with the child's custodial parent and the child's noncustodial parent that is mutually agreed to by the parents and is not contested by either parent in any forum.


Noncustodial parent

For purposes of paragraph (1), the term noncustodial parent means the parent of a child that the child does not live with for the majority of the child's time.


Passed the Senate July 27, 2021.